[FOM] 508: Unique Undefinable Elements
Harvey Friedman
hmflogic at gmail.com
Tue Nov 27 15:29:52 EST 2012
THIS RESEARCH WAS PARTIALLY SUPPORTED BY THE JOHN TEMPLETON FOUNDATION
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THIS POSTING IS ENTIRELY SELF CONTAINED
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UNIQUE UNDEFINABLE ELEMENTS
We present a structure (in a finite relational type) with a unique
undefinable element. Furthermore, the unique undefinable element is
undefinable even if we use the quantifier "there exist infinitely
many" and quantitative variants. We show that the structures can be
taken to be a graph. We also prove that "there is a structure (in a
finite relational type) with a unique second order undefinable
element" is not provable in ZFC (assuming ZFC is consistent).
1. Introduction.
2. Cohen generic sets and forcing.
3. Cohen generic constructions.
4. Unique undefinable elements.
5. Interpretations into graphs.
6. Unique second order undefinable elements.
7. Dimension preservation.
The manuscript is at
http://www.math.osu.edu/~friedman.8/manuscripts.html #74, and has been
submitted for publication.
The unique undefinable element is called the God element. The work was
motivated by theology, as discussed in the Introduction.
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I use http://www.math.ohio-state.edu/~friedman/ for downloadable
manuscripts. This is the 508th in a series of self contained numbered
postings to FOM covering a wide range of topics in f.o.m. The list of
previous numbered postings #1-449 can be found
in the FOM archives at
http://www.cs.nyu.edu/pipermail/fom/2010-December/015186.html
450: Maximal Sets and Large Cardinals II 12/6/10 12:48PM
451: Rational Graphs and Large Cardinals I 12/18/10 10:56PM
452: Rational Graphs and Large Cardinals II 1/9/11 1:36AM
453: Rational Graphs and Large Cardinals III 1/20/11 2:33AM
454: Three Milestones in Incompleteness 2/7/11 12:05AM
455: The Quantifier "most" 2/22/11 4:47PM
456: The Quantifiers "majority/minority" 2/23/11 9:51AM
457: Maximal Cliques and Large Cardinals 5/3/11 3:40AM
458: Sequential Constructions for Large Cardinals 5/5/11 10:37AM
459: Greedy CLique Constructions in the Integers 5/8/11 1:18PM
460: Greedy Clique Constructions Simplified 5/8/11 7:39PM
461: Reflections on Vienna Meeting 5/12/11 10:41AM
462: Improvements/Pi01 Independence 5/14/11 11:53AM
463: Pi01 independence/comprehensive 5/21/11 11:31PM
464: Order Invariant Split Theorem 5/30/11 11:43AM
465: Patterns in Order Invariant Graphs 6/4/11 5:51PM
466: RETURN TO 463/Dominators 6/13/11 12:15AM
467: Comment on Minimal Dominators 6/14/11 11:58AM
468: Maximal Cliques/Incompleteness 7/26/11 4:11PM
469: Invariant Maximality/Incompleteness 11/13/11 11:47AM
470: Invariant Maximal Square Theorem 11/17/11 6:58PM
471: Shift Invariant Maximal Squares/Incompleteness 11/23/11 11:37PM
472. Shift Invariant Maximal Squares/Incompleteness 11/29/11 9:15PM
473: Invariant Maximal Powers/Incompleteness 1 12/7/11 5:13AMs
474: Invariant Maximal Squares 01/12/12 9:46AM
475: Invariant Functions and Incompleteness 1/16/12 5:57PM
476: Maximality, CHoice, and Incompleteness 1/23/12 11:52AM
477: TYPO 1/23/12 4:36PM
478: Maximality, Choice, and Incompleteness 2/2/12 5:45AM
479: Explicitly Pi01 Incompleteness 2/12/12 9:16AM
480: Order Equivalence and Incompleteness
481: Complementation and Incompleteness 2/15/12 8:40AM
482: Maximality, Choice, and Incompleteness 2 2/19/12 7:43AM
483: Invariance in Q[0,n]^k 2/19/12 7:34AM
484: Finite Choice and Incompleteness 2/20/12 6:37AM__
485: Large Large Cardinals 2/26/12 5:55AM
486: Naturalness Issues 3/14/12 2:07PM
487: Invariant Maximality/Naturalness 3/21/12 1:43AM
488: Invariant Maximality Program 3/24/12 12:28AM
489: Invariant Maximality Programs 3/24/12 2:31PM
490: Invariant Maximality Program 2 3/24/12 3:19PM
491: Formal Simplicity 3/25/12 11:50PM
492: Invariant Maximality/conjectures 3/31/12 7:31PM
493: Invariant Maximality/conjectures 2 3/31/12 7:32PM
494: Inv Max Templates/Z+up, upper Z+ equiv 4/5/12 4:17PM
495: Invariant Finite Choice 4/5/12 4:18PM
496: Invariant Finite Choice/restatement 4/8/12 2:18AM
497: Invariant Maximality Restated 5/2/12 2:49AM
498: Embedded Maximal Cliques 1 9/18/12 12:43AM
499. Embedded Maximal Cliques 2 9/19/12 2:50AM
500: Embedded Maximal Cliques 3 9/20/12 10:15PM
501: Embedded Maximal Cliques 4 9/23/12 2:16AM
502: Embedded Maximal Cliques 5 9/26/12 1:21AM
503: Proper Classes of Graphs 10/13/12 12:17PM
504. Embedded Maximal Cliques 6 10/14/12 12:49PM
505: Function Transfer Theory 10/21/12 2:15AM
506: Finite Embedded Weakly Maximal Cliques 10/23/12 12:53AM
507: Finite Embedded Dominators 11/6/12 6:40AM
Harvey Friedman
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