CVC3

Abstract Theory Interface. More...
Abstract Theory Interface.
These are the theoryspecific methods which provide the decision procedure functionality for a new theory. At the very least, a theory must implement the checkSat method. The other methods can be used to make the implementation more convenient. For more information on this API, see Clark Barrett's PhD dissertation and theory_api_howto.
virtual void CVC3::Theory::addSharedTerm  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Notify theory of a new shared term.
When a term e associated with theory i occurs as a child of an expression associated with theory j, the framework calls i>addSharedTerm(e) and j>addSharedTerm(e)
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryQuant, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 127 of file theory.h.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::collectBasicVars(), and CVC3::TheoryCore::setupTerm().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::assertFact  (  const Theorem &  e  )  [pure virtual, inherited] 
Assert a new fact to the decision procedure.
Each fact that makes it into the core framework is assigned to exactly one theory: the theory associated with that fact. assertFact is called to inform the theory that a new fact has been assigned to the theory.
Implemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, CVC3::TheorySimulate, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::assertFormula().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::checkSat  (  bool  fullEffort  )  [pure virtual, inherited] 
Check for satisfiability in the theory.
fullEffort  when it is false, checkSat can do as much or as little work as it likes, though simple inferences and checks for consistency should be done to increase efficiency. If fullEffort is true, checkSat must check whether the set of facts given by assertFact together with the arrangement of shared terms (provided by addSharedTerm) induced by the global find database equivalence relation are satisfiable. If satisfiable, checkSat does nothing. 
If satisfiability can be acheived by merging some of the shared terms, a new fact must be enqueued using enqueueFact (this fact need not be a literal). If there is no way to make things satisfiable, setInconsistent must be called.
Implemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryDatatypeLazy, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, CVC3::TheorySimulate, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
virtual Theorem CVC3::Theory::rewrite  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Theoryspecific rewrite rules.
By default, rewrite just returns a reflexive theorem stating that the input expression is equivalent to itself. However, rewrite is allowed to return any theorem which describes how the input expression is equivalent to some new expression. rewrite should be used to perform simplifications, normalization, and any other preprocessing on theoryspecific expressions that needs to be done.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, CVC3::TheorySimulate, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 159 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::Theory::reflexivityRule().
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::rewrite().
virtual Theorem CVC3::Theory::theoryPreprocess  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Theoryspecific preprocessing.
This gets called each time a new assumption or query is preprocessed. By default it does nothing.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryQuant.
Definition at line 164 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::Theory::reflexivityRule().
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::callTheoryPreprocess().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::setup  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Set up the term e for callbacks when e or its children change.
setup is called once for each expression associated with the theory. It is typically used to setup theoryspecific data for an expression and to add callback information for use with update.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryDatatypeLazy, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 172 of file theory.h.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::setupTerm().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::update  (  const Theorem &  e, 
const Expr &  d  
)  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Notify a theory of a new equality.
update is a callback used by the notify mechanism of the core theory. It works as follows. When an equation t1 = t2 makes it into the core framework, the two find equivalence classes for t1 and t2 are merged. The result is that t2 is the new equivalence class representative and t1 is no longer an equivalence class representative. When this happens, the notify list of t1 is traversed. Notify list entries consist of a theory and an expression d. For each entry (i,d), i>update(e, d) is called, where e is the theorem corresponding to the equality t1=t2.
To add the entry (i,d) to a term t1's notify list, a call must be made to t1.addNotify(i,d). This is typically done in setup.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryDatatypeLazy, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 189 of file theory.h.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::processNotify().
virtual Theorem CVC3::Theory::solve  (  const Theorem &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
An optional solver.
The solve method can be used to implement a Shostakstyle solver. Since solvers do not in general combine, the following technique is used. One theory is designated as the primary solver (in our case, it is the theory of arithmetic). For each equation that enters the core framework, the primary solver is called to ensure that the equation is in solved form with respect to the primary theory.
After the primary solver, the solver for the theory associated with the equation is called. This solver can do whatever it likes, as long as the result is still in solved form with respect to the primary solver. This is a slight generalization of what is described in my (Clark)'s PhD thesis.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, and CVC3::TheoryDatatype.
Definition at line 204 of file theory.h.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::checkEquation(), and CVC3::TheoryCore::solve().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::checkAssertEqInvariant  (  const Theorem &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
A debug check used by the primary solver.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, and CVC3::TheoryArithOld.
Definition at line 206 of file theory.h.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::assertEqualities().
Recursive simplification step.
INVARIANT: the result is a Theorem(e=e'), where e' is a fully simplified version of e. To simplify subexpressions recursively, call simplify() function.
This theoryspecific method is called when the simplifier descends topdown into the expression. Normally, every kid is simplified recursively, and the results are combined into the new parent with the same operator (Op). This functionality is provided with the default implementation.
However, in some expressions some kids may not matter in the result, and can be skipped. For instance, if the first kid in a long AND simplifies to FALSE, then the entire expression simplifies to FALSE, and the remaining kids do not need to be simplified.
This call is a chance for a DP to provide these types of optimizations during the topdown phase of simplification.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryBitvector, and CVC3::TheoryCore.
Definition at line 53 of file theory.cpp.
References CVC3::Expr::arity(), CVC3::Theory::d_commonRules, CVC3::Theory::d_theoryCore, CVC3::Theorem::isRefl(), CVC3::Theory::reflexivityRule(), CVC3::TheoryCore::simplify(), and CVC3::CommonProofRules::substitutivityRule().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::checkType  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Check that e is a valid Type expr.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryRecords, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 236 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::Expr::toString().
virtual Cardinality CVC3::Theory::finiteTypeInfo  (  Expr &  e, 
Unsigned &  n,  
bool  enumerate,  
bool  computeSize  
)  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Compute information related to finiteness of types.
Used by the TypeComputer defined in TheoryCore (theories should not call this funtion directly  they should use the methods in Type instead). Each theory should implement this if it contains any types that could be noninfinite.
1. Returns Cardinality of the type (finite, infinite, or unknown) 2. If cardinality = finite and enumerate is true, sets e to the nth element of the type if it can sets e to NULL if n is out of bounds or if unable to compute nth element 3. If cardinality = finite and computeSize is true, sets n to the size of the type if it can sets n to 0 otherwise
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryRecords, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 252 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::CARD_INFINITE.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryUF::finiteTypeInfo(), and CVC3::TheoryDatatype::finiteTypeInfo().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::computeType  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Compute and store the type of e.
e  is the expression whose type is computed. 
This function computes the type of the toplevel operator of e, and recurses into children using getType(), if necessary.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, CVC3::TheorySimulate, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 263 of file theory.h.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryUF::computeType(), and CVC3::TypeComputerCore::computeType().
virtual Type CVC3::Theory::computeBaseType  (  const Type &  tp  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Compute the base type of the toplevel operator of an arbitrary type.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryRecords, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 265 of file theory.h.
Referenced by CVC3::Theory::getBaseType().
virtual Expr CVC3::Theory::computeTypePred  (  const Type &  t, 
const Expr &  e  
)  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Theory specific computation of the subtyping predicate for type t applied to the expression e.
By default returns true. Each theory needs to compute subtype predicates for the types associated with it. So, for example, the theory of records will take a record type [# f1: T1, f2: T2 #] and an expression e and will return the subtyping predicate for e, namely: computeTypePred(T1, e.f1) AND computeTypePred(T2, e.f2)
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, and CVC3::TheoryRecords.
Definition at line 275 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::Expr::getEM(), and CVC3::ExprManager::trueExpr().
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::computeTypePred(), and CVC3::Theory::getTypePred().
Compute and cache the TCC of e.
e  is an expression (term or formula). This function computes the TCC of e which is true iff the expression is defined. 
This function computes the TCC or predicate of the toplevel operator of e, and recurses into children using getTCC(), if necessary.
The default implementation is to compute TCCs recursively for all children, and return their conjunction.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, CVC3::TheorySimulate, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 81 of file theory.cpp.
References CVC3::andExpr(), CVC3::Expr::begin(), CVC3::Theory::d_commonRules, CVC3::Expr::end(), CVC3::Theorem::getRHS(), CVC3::Theory::getTCC(), CVC3::CommonProofRules::rewriteAnd(), and CVC3::Theory::trueExpr().
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryUF::computeTCC(), CVC3::TheoryRecords::computeTCC(), CVC3::TheoryDatatype::computeTCC(), CVC3::TheoryCore::computeTCC(), CVC3::TheoryArray::computeTCC(), CVC3::TheoryArithOld::computeTCC(), CVC3::TheoryArithNew::computeTCC(), CVC3::TheoryArith3::computeTCC(), and CVC3::Theory::getTCC().
virtual Expr CVC3::Theory::parseExprOp  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Theoryspecific parsing implemented by the DP.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, CVC3::TheorySimulate, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 292 of file theory.h.
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::parseExpr().
virtual ExprStream& CVC3::Theory::print  (  ExprStream &  os, 
const Expr &  e  
)  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Theoryspecific prettyprinting.
By default, print the top node in AST, and resume prettyprinting the children. The same call e.print(os) can be used in DPspecific printers to use AST printing for the given node. In fact, it is strongly recommended to add e.print(os) as the default for all the cases/kinds that are not handled by the particular prettyprinter.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryCore, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryQuant, CVC3::TheoryRecords, CVC3::TheorySimulate, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 302 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::Expr::printAST().
Add variables from 'e' to 'v' for constructing a concrete model.
If e is already of primitive type, do NOT add it to v.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryDatatype, CVC3::TheoryRecords, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 47 of file theory.cpp.
References TRACE.
Referenced by CVC3::Theory::getModelTerm().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::refineCounterExample  (  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Process disequalities from the arrangement for model generation.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, and CVC3::TheoryCore.
virtual void CVC3::Theory::computeModelBasic  (  const std::vector< Expr > &  v  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Assign concrete values to basictype variables in v.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, and CVC3::TheoryCore.
virtual void CVC3::Theory::computeModel  (  const Expr &  e, 
std::vector< Expr > &  vars  
)  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Compute the value of a compound variable from the more primitive ones.
The more primitive variables for e are already assigned concrete values, and are available through getModelValue().
The new value for e must be assigned using assignValue() method.
e  is the compound type expression to assign a value; 
vars  are the variables actually assigned. Normally, 'e' is the only element of vars. However, e.g. in the case of uninterpreted functions, assigning 'f' means assigning all relevant applications of 'f' to constant values (f(0), f(5), etc.). Such applications might not be known before the model is constructed (they may be of the form f(x), f(y+z), etc., where x,y,z are still unassigned). 
Populating 'vars' is an opportunity for a DP to change the set of toplevel "variables" to assign, if needed. In particular, it may drop 'e' from the model entirely, if it is already a concrete value by itself.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArith, CVC3::TheoryArith3, CVC3::TheoryArithNew, CVC3::TheoryArithOld, CVC3::TheoryArray, CVC3::TheoryBitvector, CVC3::TheoryRecords, and CVC3::TheoryUF.
Definition at line 334 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::Theory::assignValue(), and CVC3::Theory::find().
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::collectModelValues().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::assertTypePred  (  const Expr &  e, 
const Theorem &  pred  
)  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Receives all the type predicates for the types of the given theory.
Type predicates may be expensive to enqueue eagerly, and DPs may choose to postpone them, or transform them to something more efficient. By default, the asserted type predicate is immediately enqueued as a new fact.
Note: Used only by bitvector theory.
e  is the expression for which the type predicate is computed 
pred  is the predicate theorem P(e) 
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryBitvector.
Definition at line 350 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::Theory::enqueueFact().
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::setupTerm().
virtual Theorem CVC3::Theory::rewriteAtomic  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Theoryspecific rewrites for atomic formulas.
The intended use is to convert complex atomic formulas into an equivalent Boolean combination of simpler formulas. Such conversion may be harmful for algebraic rewrites, and is not always desirable to have in rewrite() method.
Note: Used only by bitvector theory and rewriteLiteral in core.
However, if rewrite() alone cannot solve the problem, and the SAT solver needs to be envoked, these additional rewrites may ease the job for the SAT solver.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryBitvector.
Definition at line 365 of file theory.h.
References CVC3::Theory::reflexivityRule().
Referenced by CVC3::TheoryCore::rewriteLiteral().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::notifyInconsistent  (  const Theorem &  thm  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Notification of conflict.
Decision procedures implement this method when they want to be notified about a conflict.
Note: Used only by quantifier theory
thm  is the theorem of FALSE given to setInconsistent() 
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryQuant.
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryCore.
Definition at line 91 of file theory.cpp.
References CVC3::Theory::d_theoryCore, and CVC3::TheoryCore::registerAtom().
Referenced by CVC3::SearchImplBase::registerAtom().
virtual void CVC3::Theory::registerAtom  (  const Expr &  e  )  [inline, virtual, inherited] 
Theoryspecific registration of atoms.
If a theory wants to implement its own theory propagation, it should implement this method and use it to collect all atoms that the core is interested in. If the theory can deduce the atom or its negation, it should do so (using enqueueFact).
Reimplemented in CVC3::TheoryArithNew, and CVC3::TheoryArithOld.