[FOM] CFP: The Classical Model of Science II, VU Amsterdam 2-5 August

Loeb, I. i.loeb at vu.nl
Wed Apr 6 04:05:51 EDT 2011

(apologies for cross-posting)

Conference Announcement & Call for Papers

*Updated: Committees, webpage (including invited talks titles &
abstracts [under continuous update]), sponsors*

The Classical Model of Science II
The Axiomatic Method, the Order of Concepts and the Hierarchy of
Sciences from Leibniz to Tarski

August 2-5, 2011
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Webpage: http://axiom.vu.nl/cmstwo/index.html

Invited speakers:

Hourya Benis Sinaceur (IHPST, Paris)
Patricia Blanchette (Notre Dame)
Paola Cantù (CEPERC, Université de Provence)
Paolo Mancosu (Berkeley)
Paul Rusnock (Ottawa)
Lisa Shabel (Ohio State)
Stewart Shapiro (Ohio State/St. Andrews)
Eric Schliesser (Ghent)


This conference is devoted to the development of the axiomatic method,
with particular attention for the period from Leibniz to Tarski. In
particular, we aim to achieve a better historical and philosophical
understanding of the way the axiomatic method in the sense of an ideal
of scientific knowledge as "cognitio ex principiis" has influenced the
development of modern science. The overarching framework forthis will
be the so-called "Classical Model of Science".

The Classical Model (or Ideal) of Science consists of the following
conditions for counting a system S as properly scientific (de Jong &
Betti 2010: http://bit.ly/f7QKXW):

(1) All propositions and all concepts (or terms) of S concern a
specific set of objects or are about a certain domain of being(s).
(2a) There are in S a number of so-called fundamental concepts (or terms).
(2b) All other concepts (or terms) occurring in S are composed of (or
are definable from) these fundamental concepts (or terms).
(3a) There are in S a number of so-called fundamental propositions.
(3b) All other propositions of S follow from or are grounded in (or
are provable or demonstrable from) these fundamental propositions.
(4) All propositions of S are true.
(5) All propositions of S are universal and necessary in some sense or another.
(6) All propositions of S are known to be true. A non-fundamental
proposition is known to be true through its proof in S.
(7) All concepts or terms of S are adequately known. A non-fundamental
concept is adequately known through its composition (or definition).

This systematization represents a general historical hypothesis
insofar as it aims at capturing an ideal that many philosophers and
scientists adhered to for more than two millennia, going back
ultimately to Aristotle's "Analytica Posteriora". This cluster of
conditions has been set up as a rational reconstruction of particular
philosophical systems, which is also meant to serve as a fruitful
interpretative framework for a comparative evaluation of the way
certain concepts/ideas evolved in the history of philosophy.

Scientific Committee: Mark van Atten (Paris IHPST), Jonathan Barnes
(Paris IV - Sorbonne), Michael Beaney (York), Gabriella Crocco (CEPERC
UMR-CNRS 6059, Provence), Mary Domski (New Mexico), Katherine Dunlop
(Brown) Catarina Dutilh Novaes (Amsterdam UvA), Juliet Floyd (Boston),
Leila Haaparanta (Tampere), Mirja Hartimo (Helsinki), Jaakko Hintikka
(Boston), Anita Konzelmann-Ziv (Geneva), Hannes Leitgeb (Muenchen),
Béatrice Longuenesse (New York), Christoph Lüthy (Nijmegen), Danielle
Macbeth (Haverford) , Peter McLaughlin (Heidelberg), Elena Anne
Marchisotto (California State), Marije Martijn (Amsterdam VU), Massimo
Mugnai (Pisa), Roman Murawski (Poznan), Volker Peckhaus (Paderborn),
Venanzio Raspa (Urbino), Philippe de Rouilhan (Paris), John Symons (El
Paso), Joan Weiner (Indiana).

Organising committee: Arianna Betti (chair), Hein van den Berg, Wim de
Jong, Iris Loeb & Stefan Roski, VU Amsterdam

Call for papers

The focus of this conference will be the rise of the (formal)
axiomatic method in the deductive sciences from Leibniz to Tarski on
the basis of the so-called Classical Model (or Ideal) of Science.
Although preference will be given to contributions matching this
focus, *we welcome and strongly encourage submissions* discussing
historical developments of the ideal of scientific knowledge as
"cognitio ex principiis" as sketched above *concerning any epoch or
longer period*. The historical studies should aim at a philosophical
understanding of the role and development of the seven conditions
listed above in the rise of modern science. Contributed papers will be
programmed in parallel sessions (30-40 minute presentations, of which
about half for discussion).

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to:

- Leibniz's Characteristica universalis, and the ideals of "lingua
characteristica" and "calculus ratiocinator"
- Analysis and proper scientific explanation in Wolff and Kant
- Grounding and Logical Consequence from Bolzano to Tarski
- Explanation in mathematics from Leibniz to Tarski
- Epistemology and metatheory in Frege
- The relation between descriptive psychology, ontology, logic and
axiomatic method in Meinong
- Knowing the principles and self-evidence in Husserl's conception of logic
- Mereology and axiomatics in 19th century mathematics
- The role of mereology as formal ontology in the system of sciences
- The notion of form in 19th and 20th century logic and mathematics
- Russell's conception of axiomatics
- The disappearance of epistemology from 19th and 20th century geometry
- Axiomatics, truth and consequence in the Lvov-Warsaw School
- Logic as calculus, logic as language
- Type theory, range of quantifiers and domain of discourse in the
early 20th century
- Interpretation, satisfaction and the history of model theory
- The axiomatisation of particular disciplines such as logic,
mereology, set theory, geometry and physics but also biology,
chemistry and linguistics
- Constitution systems
- The analytic-synthetic distinction
- The unity of science
- Axiomatics and model theory
- Axiomatics and extensionality constraints

Abstracts (maximum 500 words) must be sent in electronic form to
axiom.erc at gmail.com. They must contain the author's name, address,
institutional affiliation and e-mail address.

Deadline for submission: April 15th, 2011
Authors will be notified of the acceptance of their submission by May 1st, 2011.

*Please notice that we are currently trying to arrange conference
child care for speakers. More information on this facility will

Additional information

The history of the methodology systematised in the model as presented
above knows three milestones: Aristotle's "Analytica Posteriora", the
"Logic of Port-Royal" (1662) and Bernard Bolzano's
"Wissenschaftslehre" (1837). In all generality the historical
influence of this model has been enormous. In particular, it dominated
the philosophy of science of the Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Century
(Newton, Spinoza, Descartes, Leibniz, Wolff, Kant) but its influence
is still clear in Husserl, Frege and Lesniewski.

The axiomatisation of various scientific disciplines involved a strict
characterisation of the 'domain' of objects and the list of primitive
predicates, strict rules of composition of well-formed formulas, the
determination of fundamental axioms (or axiom schemas), formal
inference rules, a formalisation of the truth-concept, and a
formalisation of modality. The success of the model can be seen in the
formalisation of logic (Boole, Schröder, Peirce, Frege, Whitehead &
Russell, Lesniewski), the axiomatisation of geometry (Hilbert, Veblen,
Whitehead), the axiomatisation of set theory (Zermelo, Fraenkel,
Bernays, von Neumann), the axiomatisation of physics (Vienna Circle),
or in the construction of constitution systems (Carnap, Goodman).
However, full and rigorous formalisation also made visible some of the
intrinsic limitations of classical axiomatic methodology: problems
with the determination of ontological domains (e.g. pure set theory
instead of physical Ur-elements, de-interpretation and the rise of
model theory), problems with the characterisation of fundamental
concepts (e. g. the debate on the analytic-synthetic distinction), the
separation between truth and proof, the demise of the ideal of the
unity of science, etc.

The first Classical Model of Science conference took place in January 2007.

For more information on the Classical Model of Science, its
formulation and its application as an interpretive tool from Proclus
to Lesniewski and until today, see the papers in Betti & de Jong 2010
(http://bit.ly/hlB5yb by Arianna Betti, Paola Cantù, Wim de Jong,
Tapio Korte, Sandra Lapointe and Marije Martijn) and in Betti, de Jong
and Martijn forthcoming (http://bit.ly/hERked, by Hein van den Berg,
Jaakko Hintikka, Anita Konzelmann-Ziv, F. A. Muller, Dirk Schlimm and
Patrick Suppes).


The Classical Model of Science II conference takes place in the
framework of the project "Tarski's Revolution: A New History -
Semantics and Axiomatics from Bolzano to Tarski against the Background
of the Classical Model of Science" and is supported by ERC Starting
Grant No 203194.

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