[FOM] Cantor and the Axiom of Infiinty
Dean Buckner
Dean.Buckner at btopenworld.com
Sun Nov 23 12:30:14 EST 2003
Cantor writes (in the Grundlagen)
. however contradictory it might be to speak of a greatest number of class
(I), there is nevertheless nothing offensive in thinking of a new number
which we shall call w, and which [my emphasis] will be the expression for
the idea that the entire assemblage (I) is given in its natural, orderly
succession. (Just as v is an expression for the idea that a certain finite
number of unities is united to form a whole.)
It is accordingly permissible to think of the newly created number w as the
limit to which numbers v approach, if by it nothing else be understood than
that w is the first integer which succeeds all numbers v, that is, it is to
be regarded as greater than every one of the numbers v.
This looks like a philosophical justification of the axiom of infinity
(rather than a mere statement of it). A question: did Cantor attempt such a
justification in many other places, or just some other places in this work
or elsewhere?
Also, is this the first formulation of the axiom? Grateful for any help.
Dean Buckner, : If one person can see it as a paradise
London, : of mathematicians, why should not
ENGLAND : another see it as a joke?
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