[FOM] Re: query about complexity of the theory of [R,+, < ]
Stephen Cook
sacook at cs.toronto.edu
Mon Nov 3 18:08:00 EST 2003
To be more precise, the Ferrante/Rackoff upper bound is
*space* 2^{cn} for some c, and the Fischer/Rabin lower bound
is nondeterministic time 2^{c'n} for some c'.
The space upper bound implies a time upper bound of 2^{2^{cn}}
and of course the time lower bound also applies to deterministic
Turing machines.
Stephen Cook
Martin:
The theory of nontrivial divisible ordered abelian groups is
complete. So the ordered groups of the reals and the rationals
have the same decidable theory. [This is in section 3.1 of my
Model Theory text.]
Ferrante and Rackoff gave a O(2^{cn}) decision procedure for some c,
while Fischer and Rabin showed that for some constants d there
is no O(2^{dn}) algorithm.
My recollection is that even for stronger theories like the theory
of real closed fields or the theory of the real field with
exponentiation the Fischer-Rabin lower bounds were the best known.
I would be interested if anyone knows of any better results.
Dave Marker
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