Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing Seminar

Fractional PDEs: Optimal Control and Applications

Speaker: Harbir Antil, George Mason University

Location: Warren Weaver Hall 1302

Date: March 15, 2019, 10 a.m.

Synopsis:

Fractional calculus and its application to anomalous transport has recently received a tremendous amount of attention. In these studies, the anomalous transport (of charge, tracers, fluid, etc.) is presumed attributable to long-range correlations of material properties within an inherently complex, and in some cases self-similar, conducting medium. Rather than considering an exquisitely discretized (and computationally explosive) representation of the medium, the complex and spatially correlated heterogeneity is represented through reformulation of the PDE governing the relevant transport physics such that its coefficients are, instead, smooth but paired with fractional-order space derivatives.

This talk will give an introduction to fractional diffusion. We will describe how to incorporate nonhomogeneous boundary conditions in fractional PDEs. We will cover from linear to quasilinear fractional PDEs. New notions of exterior optimal control and optimization under uncertainty will be presented. We will conclude the talk with an approach that allows the fractional exponent to be spatially dependent. This has enabled us to define novel Sobolev spaces and their trace spaces. Several applications in: imaging science, quantum random walks, geophysics, and manifold learning (data analysis) will be discussed.