Computational Mathematics and Scientific Computing Seminar
Mesh-free finite difference methods for fully nonlinear elliptic equations
Speaker: Brittany Froese, NJIT
Location: Warren Weaver Hall 1302
Date: Sept. 23, 2016, 10 a.m.
The relatively recent introduction of viscosity solutions and the Barles-Souganidis convergence framework have allowed for considerable progress in the numerical solution of fully nonlinear elliptic equations. Convergent, wide-stencil finite difference methods now exist for a variety of problems. However, these schemes are defined only on uniform Cartesian meshes over a rectangular domain. We describe a framework for constructing convergent meshfree finite difference approximations for a class of nonlinear elliptic operators. These approximations are defined on unstructured point clouds, which allows for computation on non-uniform meshes and complicated geometries. Because the schemes are monotone, they fit within the Barles-Souganidis convergence framework and can serve as a foundation for higher-order filtered methods. We present computational results for several examples including problems posed on random point clouds, computation of convex envelopes, obstacle problems, non-continuous surfaces of prescribed Gaussian curvature, and Monge-Ampere equations arising in optimal transportation.