Flexible Physical Problem-Solving in Minds and Machines
Speaker: Kelsey Allen
Location: 60 Fifth Avenue Room 150
Date: March 31, 2023, 11 a.m.
Host: Brenden Lake
Every human culture we know of creates and re-purposes objects as tools to achieve their goals. These capabilities come so easily to us that we often forget how complex these behaviors are. Despite the universality of tool-use in people, only a handful of other animals use objects in this way, and we tend to think of these as some of the most intelligent behaviors that other species display. In this talk, I will discuss my research program aiming to illuminate the computational and cognitive foundations of this kind of flexible physical problem-solving. By combining perspectives from cognitive science, machine learning, and robotics, my research suggests that the flexibility and efficiency of human physical problem-solving is supported by combining learning with structured knowledge in the form of objects, relations, and physics. These ingredients can explain both complex cognitive phenomena such as how people effortlessly learn to use new tools, and advanced capabilities in machines such as highly realistic simulation and tool innovation. By taking better advantage of problem structure, and combining it with general-purpose methods for statistical learning, we can develop more robust and data-efficient machine intelligence while also better explaining how natural intelligence learns so much from so little.
Kelsey is currently a Senior Research Scientist at DeepMind. She received her PhD from MIT in the Computational Cognitive Science group, and her BSc from the University of British Columbia in physics. Her work has received awards including the international Glushko prize for best dissertation in cognitive science, a best paper award from Robotics: Science and Systems (R:SS), and an NSERC PhD fellowship. Spanning robotics, machine learning, and cognitive science, her work aims to elucidate the mechanisms that give rise to adaptive and efficient learning, especially in the domain of physical problem-solving.
In-person attendance only available to those with active NYU ID cards.