Sample questions on the second part of the course
The final exam will be given twice: On Tuesday, May 4 from 2:00 to
3:50 in WWH 102 and on Tuesday May 11 from 2:00 to 3:50, also in WWH 102.
The book will be closed book and closed notes.
The following are some sample questions that might be asked about the
material in the second half of the course. This is NOT a sample exam;
the real exam will have some questions from the first half, and fewer
questions from the second half.
An OS uses the elevator algorithm to schedule the disk-arm. I/O requests are currently
pending for blocks on tracks 1, 3, 8, 11, 15, and 16. The disk arm is currently at
track 9 and moving upwards. In what order will these requests be handled?
An OS uses a paging system with 1Kbyte pages. A given process uses a virtual address
space of 128K and is assigned 16K of physical memory. How many entries does its
page table contain?
Consider a file system that uses an FAT. The
state of the directory is
File name | First block | Size in bytes
AA 5 1350
BB 7 2200
(The other information in the directory is omitted.)
The current state of the FAT is
0 -- FREE
1 -- FREE
2 -- -1
3 -- 4
4 -- -1
5 -- 2
6 -- FREE
7 -- 3
8 -- FREE
The system uses a block size of 1 Kbyte.
What is the last block of file BB? How many bytes of that block are used?
(Useful fact: 1K=1024).
A particular system uses a page size of 1K bytes. A page table for a particular
process begins as follows: [ 3, 4, *, 1, *, 8 ...]
(Note: everything uses 0-based indexing.)
- A. What physical address corresponds to the virtual address of 50?
- B. Name a virtual address that will generate a page fault.
Consider a Web browser and Web server that are communicating in HTTP layered
over TCP layered over IP. For each of the following functionalities,
state whether it is (i) implemented at the level of HTTP (ii) implemented
at the level of TCP, (iii) implemented at the level of IP; (iv) carried
out by the DNS; or (v) none of the above.
- A. Forwarding packets from one router to another.
- B. Requesting retransmittal of a packet whose data is garbled.
- C. Maintaining a cache of web pages.
- D. Assembling and disassembling a large file into packets.
- E. Translating URL's into IP addresses.
- F. Assembling the HTML file and the imbedded images into a display.
What is swapping? Why is it used in systems with variable-length
partitions? Why is it used in systems with paging?
Problem 7: A user program has opened a file for reading and
been reading sequentially through the program for some while. It now
attempts to read the next byte, and finds that this byte belongs to
a new block, and that this block is not in memory. Describe the major
steps that are involved in the passage of control from the user program,
which wants to read the byte, to the disk, which must carry out the read,
and in the passage of information from the disk to the user program.
In particular, your answer should discuss the operations of
the device driver, the device-independent software, the actual disk, and the
disk controller, in both directions. You may assume that the program
is running on a single-process system. At any point, if there are different
options for implementation, you can pick one to describe; you need not
describe all the options.
On CD-ROM, each file occupies a physically contiguous section of memory.
- A. Name two advantages of this arrangement over the use of i-nodes.
- B. Name two reasons that this system is not used on hard disks.
A. Explain in 1 or 2 sentences the difference between non-preemptive
and preemptive scheduling.
B. Name one preemptive scheduling algorithm and one non-preemptive
scheduling algorithm. (Just the names; you do not have to describe them.)
C. Even if all jobs are CPU-bound, a preemptive scheduler may
give a better average turnaround time than a non-preemptive scheduler.
Give an example that illustrates this.
Consider a paging system that uses the "Not Recently Used" (NRU) page
- What is the significance of the "R bit" and the "M bit"?
- When are the R bit and M bit set and reset?
- How is a page chosen for replacement?
What is a polymorphic virus? (You don't have to define what a virus is,
just what ``polymorphic'' means in this context.) What is the advantage,
from the point of view of the virus writer, in making a polymorphic