Suggested Readings




1. "End of Poverty" byJeffrey Sachs

2. "Fortune at the Bootom of the Pyramid" by C.K. Prahlad

3. "Elusive Quest for Growth" by William Easterly

4. "White Man's Burden" by William Easterly






“Experiences in using WiFi for Rural Internet in India'', Bhaskaran Raman and Kameswari Chebrolu, IEEE Communications Magazine, Jan 2007, Special Issue on New Directions In Networking Technologies In Emerging Economies.


“Design and Evaluation of a new MAC Protocol for Long-Distance 802.11 Mesh Networks'', Bhaskaran Raman and Kameswari Chebrolu, 11th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MOBICOM), Aug/Sep 2005, Cologne, Germany.


Rabin Patra, Sergiu Nedevschi, Sonesh Surana, Anmol Sheth, Lakshminarayanan Subramanian and Eric Brewer. WiLDNet: Design and Implementation of High-Performance Wifi-based Long Distance Networks To appear in ACM/USENIX NSDI, 2007.


Lakshminarayanan Subramanian, Sonesh Surana, Anmol Sheth, Rabin Patra, Sergiu Nedevschi, Melissa Ho and Eric Brewer. Rethinking Wireless for the Developing World. To appear in ACM Hot Topics in Networking (Hotnets), Nov 2006

Shridhar Mubaraq Mishra, John Hwang, Dick Filippini, Tom Du, Reza Moazzami, and Lakshminarayanan Subramanian. Economic Analysis of Networking Technologies for Rural Developing Regions. To appear in 1st Workshop on Internet and Network Economics, Dec 2005.

Kiosks, Mechanical Backhauls

S. Guo, M.H. Falaki, E.A. Oliver, S. Ur Rahman, A. Seth, M.A. Zaharia, and S. Keshav Very Low-Cost Internet Access Using KioskNet (, ACM Computer Communication Review, October 2007.

D. Hadaller, S. Keshav, T. Brecht, S. Agarwal, Vehicular Opportunistic Communication Under the Microscope (, Proc. Mobisys 2007, Puerto Rico, June 2007.

A. Seth, D. Kroeker, M. Zaharia, S. Guo, S. Keshav, Low-cost Communication for Rural Internet Kiosks Using Mechanical Backhaul (,Proc. MOBICOM 2006, September 2006.


Why Cellphones will Dominate the Future Internet, S. Keshav.

Tapan S. Parikh, Using Mobile Phones for Secure, Distributed Document Processing in the Developing World, IEEE Pervasive Computing Magazine, April 2005

Tapan S. Parikh and Edward D. Lazowska, Designing an Architecture for Delivering Mobile Information Services to the Rural Developing World, WWW 2006, May 23-26, 2006, Edinburgh, Scotland

Paul Javid and Tapan S. Parikh, Augmenting Rural Supply Chains with a Location-Enhanced Mobile Information System, ICTD 2006, May 25-26, 2006, Berkeley, CA

Tapan S. Parikh, Paul Javid, Sasikumar K., Kaushik Ghosh and Kentaro Toyama, Mobile Phones and Paper Documents: Evaluating a New Approach for Capturing Microfinance Data in Rural India, ACM Conference on Computer-Human Interaction (CHI), April 24-27, 2006, Montreal, Canada

One Laptop Per Child

One Laptop per Child website.

Delay Tolerant Networks

K. Fall, A Delay-Tolerant Network Architecture for Challenged Internets, IRB-TR-03-003, Feb., 2003 [a shorter form of this appeared at SIGCOMM 2003]

S. Jain, M. Demmer, R. Patra, K. Fall, Using Redundancy to Cope with Failures in a Delay Tolerant Network, SIGCOMM 2005

S. Jain, K. Fall, R. Patra, Routing in a Delay Tolerant Network, SIGCOMM, Aug/Sep 2004.


Counterfeit Medicines: Some Frequently Asked Questions - May 2005, May 2005. centre/fact sheets/fs 20050506.htm.


P.K. Nirmalan, A.L. Robin, R. Krishadas, R. Ramakrishnan, R.D. Thulasiraj, and J. Tielsch. Utilisation of Eye Care Services in Rural South India: The Aravind Comprehensive Eye Survey. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 88:1237–1241, 2004.


S. Surana, M. Ho, R.K. Patra and L. Subramanian, Designing Healthcare Systems in the Developing World: The Role of Computer Systems Research Technical Report.


Christopher J. L. Murray and Alan D. Lopez, editor. Global Burden of Disease. Harvard University Press, August 1996.


Prabhat Jha et. al. Improving the Health of the Global Poor. In Science, volume 295, march 2002.


Grand Challenges in Global Health. Grand Challenge 14: Developing Useful Diagnostics Tools.


Dimagi. Continuity of Care in Zambia. http:\\


Richard Heeks. Failure, Success and Improvisation of Information Systems Projects in Developing Countries. In Development Informatics, Manchester, UK, Janurary 2002.




Tapan S. Parikh, Rural Microfinance Service Delivery: Gaps, Inefficiencies and Emerging Solutions, Poster, ICTD 2006, May 25-26, 2006, Berkeley, CA

Yunus, Muhammad (2002). Grameen Bank II: Designed to Open New Possibilities. Dhaka: Grameen Bank. [Available at]


"The Role of Subsidies in Microfinance: Evidence from The Grameen Bank" (PDF). Journal of Development Economics 60, October 1999, 229 - 248. One of the top 10 downloads from the JDE website, January-June 2000.

"The Microfinance Promise" (PDF). Journal of Economic Literature 37 (4), December 1999, 1569 - 1614.


"Is Microfinance an Effective Strategy to Reach the Millenium Development Goals?" (with Syed Hashemi and Elizabeth Littlefield). Focus Note No. 24. Washington, DC: Consultative Group to Assist the Poor. July 2003.




Pal, Joyojeet, Udai Singh Pawar, Eric Brewer and Kentaro Toyama "The case for multi-user design for computer aided learning in developing regions" WWW2006

Pawar, Udai Singh, Joyojeet Pal, Rahul Gupta, Kentaro Toyama, "Multiple Mice for Retention Tasks in Disadvantaged Schools" CHI2007 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, San Jose, California, April 28-May 3, 2007

Randolph Wang, Urvashi Sahni, Sumeet Sobti, Nitin Garg, Jaswinder Pal Singh, Matthew Kam, Arvind Krishnamurthy, and Thomas Anderson. The Digital StudyHall. Technical Report TR-723-05, Computer Science Department, Princeton University. March 2005. (pdf or html)