Anonymous Abbreviation List [9,707 entries]
A (1390 abbreviations)
A&Bapnea and bradycardia.
A&BCair and bone conduction.
A&Iallergy and immunology.
A&Panterior and posterior.
A&Pauscultation and palpation.
A&Pauscultation and percussion.
A&Walive and well.
Aasymptomatic, no symptoms (e.g. in Hodgkin lymphoma).
A/Bacid-base ratio.
A/Galbumin/globulin ratio.
A/Oalert and orientated.
A>Bair greater than bone (conduction).
A1aortic first sound.
A2aortic second sound.
A2Ualpha 2u-globulin.
A-a 02alveolo-arterial oxygen tension.
aa seqamino acid sequence.
aa(Greek: Ana) of each.
AAarachidonic acid.
AAreactive (secondary) amyloidosis.
AAAabdominal aortic aneurysm.
AAAadenine-adenine-adenine codon for lysine.
AAAdiagnostic arthroscopy, operative arthroscopy, and possible operative arthrotomy.
AAAASFAmerican Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities.
AAAPactivity of antiactivator in plasma.
AABBAmerican Association of Blood Banks.
AACadenine-adenine-cytosine codon for asparagine.
AACPDMAmerican Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
AACRAmerican Association for Cancer Research.
Aadaminoadipic acid.
AADCamino acid decarboxylase.
AAEAmerican Association of Endodontists.
AAETSAmerican Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress.
AAFanterior auditory field.
AAFastrocytoma with atypical/anaplastic foci.
AAF/OLanaplastic astrocytomas /oligodendrogliomas.
AAFPAmerican Academy of Family Physicians.
AAGadenine-adenine-guanine codon for lysine.
AAHKSAmerican Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
AAHSAmerican Association for Hand Surgery (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
AALanterior axillary line.
AAMCAssociation of American Medical Colleges.
AAMIAdvancement of Medical Instrumentation.
AAMTAmerican Association for Medical Transcriptionists.
AANAmerican Academy of Neurology.
AANAArthroscopy Association of North America (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
AANOSThe American Academy of Neurological and Orthopaedic Surgeons.
AANSAmerican Association of Neurological Surgeons.
AAOAmerican Academy of Ophthalmology.
AAoascending aorta.
AAOCantacid of choice.
AAofAAmbulance Association of America.
AAOFASAmerican Association of Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Surgeons.
AAOHNAmerican Association of Occupational Health Nurses.
AAOMAmerican Academy of Oral Medicine.
AAOOAmerican Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology.
AAOPAmerican Academy of Oral Pathology.
AAOPAmerican Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists.
AAOPPAmerican Association of Osteopathic Postgraduate Physicians.
AAOSAmerican Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery.
AAOTAsociacion Argentina de Ortopedia y Traumatologia (Argentinian Orthopaedic Association).
AAOx3awake, alert and oriented x 3 (to person, place and time).
AAPair at atmospheric pressure.
AAPAmerican Academy of Pediatrics.
AAPAmerican Academy of Pedodontics.
AAPAmerican Academy of Periodontology.
AAPAmerican Academy of Psychoanalysis.
AAPAmerican Academy of Psychotherapists.
AAPAmerican Association of Pathologists.
AAPAssociation for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis.
AAPAssociation of Academic Physiatrists.
AAPAssociation of American Physicians.
AaP02(A-a) P02, alveolo-arterial oxygen tension difference.
AAPAAmerican Academy of Physician Assistants.
AAPAAmerican Association of Pathologist Assistants.
AAPBAmerican Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists.
AAPCantibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis.
AAPCCadjusted annual per capita cost.
AAPCCadjusted average per capita cost.
AAPCCAmerican Association of Poison Control Centers.
AaPco2(A-a)Pc02 alveolo-arterial carbon dioxide tension difference.
AAPFanti-arteriosclerosis polysaccharide factor.
AAPH2,2'-azobis-(amidinopropane) dihydrochloride.
AAPHDAmerican Association of Public Health Dentists.
AAPHPAmerican Association of Public Health Physicians.
AAPLAmerican Academy of Psychiatry and the Law.
AAPM&RAmerican Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
AAPMAmerican Association of Physicists in Medicine.
AAPMCantibiotic-associated pseudo-membranous colitis.
AAPMRAmerican Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
AAPOSAmerican Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.
AAPPAmerican Academy on Physician and Patient.
AAPPOAmerican Association of Preferred Provider Organizations.
AAPSAmerican Association of Plastic Surgeons.
AAPSArizona Articulation Proficiency Scale.
AAPSAssociation of American Physicians and Surgeons.
AAPSMAmerican Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine.
AARactive avoidance reaction.
AARacute articular rheumatism.
aaragainst all risks.
AARantigen-antiglobulin reaction.
AARCAmerican Association for Respiratory Care.
AARDAAmerican Autoimune Related Diseases Association.
AAREautomobile accident, rear end.
AAROMactive assertive range of motion.
AAROMactive assisted range of motion.
AARPAmerican Association of Retired Persons.
AASAarskog-Scott (syndrome).
AASacid aspiration syndrome.
AASalcoholic abstinence syndrome.
AASAmerican Academy of Sanitarians.
AASAmerican Analgesia Society.
AASaneurysm of atrial septum.
AASanthrax anti serum.
AASaortic arch syndrome.
AASatomic absorption spectrophotometry.
AASDAmerican Academy of Stress Disorders.
AASHadrenal androgen stimulating hormone.
AASHAmerican Association for the Study of Headache.
AASKAfrican American Study of Kidney Diseases and Hypertension Pilot Study.
AASPacute atrophic spinal paralysis.
AASPAmerican Association of Senior Physicians.
AASPascending aorta synchronized pulsation.
AASSAmerican Association for Social Security.
AASTAmerican Association for the Surgery of Trauma.
AATAachen Aphasia Test.
AATacademic aptitude test.
AATalanine aminotransferase.
AATalkylating agent therapy.
AATatrial triggered (pacemaker).
AATauditory apperception test.
AATautomatic atrial tachycardia.
AATSAmerican Association for Thoracic Surgery.
AAUacute anterior uveitis.
AAUadenine-adenine-uracil codon for asparagine.
AAVadeno-associated virus.
AAVMCAssociation of American Veterinary Medical Colleges.
AAVPAmerican Association of Veterinary Parasitologists.
AAVPTAmerican Academy of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
AAWanterior aortic wall.
AAWDAmerican Association of Women Dentists.
AAWMAmerican Academy of Wound Management.
AB, Ababortion.
ABAce bandage.
ABactive bilaterally.
ABaid to the blind.
ABalcian blue.
ABalertness behavior.
ABantigen binding.
ABapex beat.
ABasbestos body.
ABasthmatic bronchitis.
aBazure B.
ABBachelor of Arts (Lat.Artium Baccalaureus).
ABblood group AB.
ABAabscissic acid.
ABAallergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.
ABAAmerican Board of Anesthesiologists.
ABAantibacterial activity.
ABAarrest before arrival.
ABAArthroscopie Belge - Belgian Arthroscopy Association.
ABATAmerican Board of Applied Toxicology.
ABBAlbright-Butler-Bloomberg syndrome.
ABBAmerican Board of Bioanalysis.
ABBAsea Brown Boveri.
ABBQAcquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Beliefs and Behavior Questionnaire.
abbrabbreviation, abbreviated.
ABCabsolute basophil count.
ABCabsolute bone conduction.
ABCacalculous biliary colic.
ABCacid balance control.
ABCadvanced breast cancer.
ABCairway, breathing, and circulation.
ABCalignment, blue, calcium (synovial fluid pearls in gout and pseudogout).
ABCalternative birth center.
ABCalum, blood, and charcoal (purification and deodorizing method).
ABCalum, blood, and clay (sludge deodorizing method).
ABCAmerican Blood Commission.
ABCaneurysmal bone cyst.
ABCantigen-binding capacity.
ABCapnea, bradycardia, cyanosis.
ABCaspiration biopsy cytology.
ABCaspiration needle biopsy.
ABCassessment of basic competency.
ABCatomic, biological, and chemical (warfare).
Abcautoantibodies to collagen.
ABCavidin-biotin complex.
ABCCAtomic Bomb Casualty Commission.
ABCDairway, breathing, circulation, differential diagnosis (or defibrillate) - in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
ABCDasymmetry, borders irregular, color variegated, diameter > 6 mm (assessment of melanoma).
ABCDEairway, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure/environmental control - trauma protocol.
ABCDEbotulism toxin pentavalent.
ABCDEFGHair ways, bones, cardiac shadow, diaphragm, effusions, fields (pulmonary), gastric, hardware (chest X-ray reading mnemonic).
ABCDESabnormal alignment, bones-periarticular osteoporosis, cartilage joint space loss, deformities, marginal erosions, soft tissue swelling (x-ray features in rheumatoid arthritis).
ABCDESadjust medication, bacterial prophylaxis, cervical spine disease, deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis, evaluate extent and activity of disease, stress-dose steroid coverage.
Abd(abdere) abdomen.
ABEacid-base equilibrium.
ABEactivity before exercise.
ABEactual base excess.
ABEacute bacterial endocarditis.
ABEacute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis.
ABEAdult Basic Education Programs.
ABEAmerican Board of Endodontics.
ABEanode-break excitation.
ABEantisheep beta-endorphin.
ABEatypical bronchial epithelium.
Abeautoantibodies to elastin.
ABEaverage bioequivalence.
ABeAverrhoa bilimbi.
ABEestradiol bound to albumin.
ABEtrivalent botulinic antitoxin.
ABE-1a strain of the psychrophilic marine bacterium Vibrio ABE-1.
ABE-Ianion-binding exosite I.
ABE-IIanion-binding exosite II.
Abetabeta-amyloid (component of Alzheimer's disease plaques).
ABGarterial blood gases.
ABGautogenous bone graft.
ABIankle to brachial index.
ABJSAssociation of Bone and Joint Surgeons (AAOS Specialty Societies).
ABMAanti-basement membrane antibody disease (Goodpasture's syndrome).
ABMSAmerican Board of Medical Specialties.
ABMTautologous bone marrow transplant.
ABNabducens nucleus.
AbNablation nephropathy.
ABN, Abnabnormal.
abnabnormality of a chromosome (e.g.abn 12p).
ABNactive bulimia nervosa (BN).
ABNacute bacterial nephritis.
ABNacute brachial neuropathy/neuritis.
ABNadvance beneficiary notices.
ABNalkali-treated bound niacin.
ABNanterior BNST lesions (BNST, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis).
AbNantibody nitrogen.
AbNantibody to the N terminus (of a protein or peptide).
ABNarched-back nursing (about laboratory rats).
ABNartificial background noise.
ABNaseptic (avascular) bone/bone marrow necrosis.
ABNAssociation of British Neurologists.
ABNThe Brazilian Academy of Neurology.
Abn-cbdabnormal cannabidiol.
ABOblood grouping system.
ABOSAmerican Board of Orthopaedic Surgery.
ABPAmerican Board of Pathology.
ABPAmerican Board of Pediatrics.
ABPandrogen binding protein.
ABPAallergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.
ABPBabductor pollicis brevis (also APB).
ABPLabductor pollicis longus (also APL).
ABRauditory brainstem response audiometry.
ABSAmerican Back Society.
ABSarterial blood pressure.
ABTAAmerican Brain Tumor Association.
ABVDadriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (regimen used to treat Hodgkin's disease).
ABWactual body weight.
ACacromioclavicular joint.
ACair conduction.
ACalternating current.
acante cenam, before meal/s.
AC/SIUGambulatory care special-interest user group.
ACAadenine-cytosine-adenine codon for threonine.
ACAAmerican Chiropractic Association.
ACAAmputee Coalition of America (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
ACCadenine-cytosine-cytosine codon for serine.
ACCadenine-cytosine-cytosine codon for threonine.
ACCAmerican College of Cardiology.
ACCanodal closure contraction.
ACCMEAccreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education.
ACCPAmerican College Of Chest Physicians.
ACCxanterior cingulate cortex.
ACDabsorbent cover dressing.
ACDallergic contact dermatitis.
ACDanemia of chronic disease.
ACDanterior cervical discectomy.
ACDasymmetrical cortical degeneration syndromes.
ACDAvailable Chemical Directory.
ACDFadult children from dysfunctional family.
ACDFanterior cervical discectomy and fusion.
ACDMAssociation for Clinical Data Management
ACEangiotensin converting enzyme.
ACEIangiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors.
ACFanterior cervical fusion.
ACFASAmerican College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.
ACGadenine-cytosine-guanine codon for threonine.
AChRacetylcholine receptor.
ACIacute coronary insufficiency.
ACILSAmerican Center for International Labor Solidarity.
ACIPAdvisory Committee on Immunization Practices.
ACJacromioclavicular joint (also AC joint).
ACJTacromioclavicular joint.
ACLAchievement Check List.
ACLacromegaloid features, cutis verticis gyrata, corneal leukoma (syndrome).
ACLanterior clavicular line.
ACLanterior cruciate ligament.
ACLanterior cruciate ligament.
ACLanticardiolipin (antibody).
AClaspiryl chloride.
ACLAAmerican Clinical Laboratory Association
ACLCAssessment of Children's Language Comprehension.
ACLDAssociation for Children with Learning Disabilities.
ACLFadult congregate living facility.
ACLIAmerican Council on Life Insurance.
aCLLatypical chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
ACLMAmerican College of Legal Medicine.
ACLPSAcademy of Clinical Laboratory Physicians and Scientists.
ACLRanterior capsulolabral reconstruction.
ACLSadvanced cardiac life support.
AcLVavian acute leukemia virus.
ACMacute cerebrospinal meningitis.
ACMAdriamycin, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate.
ACMalveolar capillary membrane.
ACManticardiac myosin.
ACMArnold-Chiari malformation.
ACMAAmerican Occupational Medical Association.
ACMCAssociation of Canadian Medical Colleges.
ACMDassociate chief medical director.
ACMEAdvisory Council on Medical Education.
ACMEAutomated Classification of Medical Entities.
ACMFarachnoid cyst of the middle fossa.
ACMIAmerican College of Medical Informatics.
ACMLatypical chronic myeloid leukemia.
ACMPalveolar-capillary membrane permeability.
ACMRAdvisory Committee on Medical Research.
ACMSAmerican Chinese Medical Society.
ACMSFAdvisory Committee on the Microbiological Safety of Food (UK).
ACMTartificial circus movement tachycardia.
ACMVassist-controlled mechanical ventilation.
ACNacute conditioned neurosis ventilation.
ACNAmbulatory Care Network ventilation.
ACNAmerican College of Neuropsychiatrists ventilation.
ACNAmerican College of Nutrition.
ACNMAmerican College of Nuclear Medicine Nutrition.
ACNMAmerican College of Nurse-Midwives.
ACNPacute care nurse practitioner Midwives.
ACNPAmerican College of Nuclear Physicians.
ACOacute coronary occlusion.
ACOalert, cooperative, oriented.
ACOanodal closure odor.
ACOAadult children of alcoholics.
ACoAanterior communicating artery.
ACOAscollegiate adult children of alcoholics.
ACOEMAmerican College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
ACOEPAmerican College of Osteopathic Emergency Physicians.
ACOGAmerican College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
ACOHAAmerican College of Osteopathic Hospital Administrators.
ACO-HNSAmerican Council of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.
ACOIAmerican College of Osteopathic Internists.
ACOMAmerican College of Occupational Medicine.
ACOManterior communicating (artery).
AComAanterior communicating artery.
ACOMSAmerican College of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.
ACOOGAmerican College of Osteopathic Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
ACOPAmerican College of Osteopathic Pediatricians.
ACOPapproved code of practice.
ACORDEA Corsortium on Restorative Dentistry Education.
ACOSAmerican College of Osteopathic Surgeons
ACOSAmerican College of Osteopathic Surgeons.
ACOSassociate chief of staff.
ACOS/ACassociate chief of staff for ambulatory care.
Acousacoustics, acoustic.
ACPaccessory conduction pathway.
ACPacetone powder.
ACPacid phosphatase.
AcPacid phosphatase.
ACPacyl carrier protein.
ACPAmerican College of Pathologists.
ACPAmerican College of Pharmacists.
ACPAmerican College of Physicians.
ACPAmerican College of Prosthodontists.
ACPAmerican College of Psychiatrists.
ACPAAmerican Cleft Palate Association.
ACPCaminocyclopentane carboxylic (acid).
ACPEAmerican College of Physician Executives.
AC-PHac phos acid phosphatase.
ACPMAmerican College of Preventive Medicine.
ACPOCAssociation of Children's Prosthetic-Orthotic Clinics (AAOS Specialty Societies).
ACPPadrenocortical polypeptide.
ACPPprostate-specific acid phosphatase.
ACRabnormally contracting region.
ACRabsolute catabolic rate.
ACRadenomatosis of colon and rectum.
ACRadjusted community rate.
ACRambulance call report.
ACRAmerican College of Radiology.
ACRAmerican College of Rheumatology.
ACRanticonstipation regimen.
ACRaxillary count rate.
ACRFambulatory care research facility.
ACRIAfrica Crisis Response Initiative.
ACRMAmerican Congress on Rehabilitation Medicine.
ACRPIAssociation of Clinical Research for the Pharmaceutical Industry.
ACS acute cervical strain; acute cervical sprain.
ACSacrocallosal syndrome.
ACSacute chest syndrome.
ACSacute confusional state.
ACSAlcon Closure System.
ACSAmerican Cancer Society.
ACSAmerican Chemical Society.
ACSAmerican College of Surgeons.
ACSanodal closure sound.
ACSantireticular cytotoxic serum.
ACSaperture current setting.
ACSAssociation of Clinical Scientists
ACSAadenylate cyclase-stimulating activity.
ACSEassociation control service element.
ACSFartificial cerebrospinal fluid.
ACSMAmerican College of Sports Medicine.
ACSPadenylate cyclase-stimulating protein.
ACSPAustralian College of Sports Physicians.
ACSVaortocoronary saphenous vein.
ACSVBGaortocoronary saphenous vein bypass graft.
AcTacceleration time.
ACTachievement through counseling and treatment.
ACTactivated clotting time.
ACTactive motion.
actactivity, active.
ACTadvanced coronary treatment.
ACTanterocolic transposition.
ACTanticoagulant therapy.
ACTanxiety control training.
ACTasthma care training.
ACTatropine coma therapy.
ACTAAmerican Cardiology Technologists Association.
ACTAautomatic computerized transverse axial (scanning).
Act-Cactinomycin C.
Act-Dactinomycin D.
ACTeanodal closure tetanus.
ACTGAIDS Clinical Trial Group.
ACTHadrenocorticotropic hormone, secreted by pituitary gland, which strongly stimulates the release of cortisol from adrenal cortex.
ACTH-LIadrenocorticotropin-like immunoreactivity.
ACTHRadrenocorticotropic hormone receptor.
ACTSacute cervical trauma syndrome.
ACUadenine-cytosine-uracil codon for threonine.
ACVBaortocoronary venous bypass.
ACVDacute cardiovascular disease.
ACVDarteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
ad libat liberty, as desired.
ADAction for Democracy.
ADadmission and discharge.
ADadmitting diagnosis.
ADadult disease.
ADalternating days.
ADAlzheimer's disease.
ADatopic dermatitis.
ADauris dextra (right ear).
ADAAmerican Dental Association.
ADAAmerican Diabetes Association.
ADAanterior descending artery.
ADADSAlcohol and Drug Abuse Data System.
ADAS-CogAlzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale.
ADASPAssociation of Directors of Anatomic and Surgical Pathology.
ADCAIDS dementia complex.
ADCCantibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity.
ADDadduct; adduction.
ADDattention deficit disorder.
ADDaverage daily dose.
ADEAAmerican Dental Education Association.
ADEAAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa.
ADEMacute disseminated encephalomyelitis/encephalopathy.
ADFacid detergent fiber.
ADFactin depolymerizing factor.
ADGaverage daily gain.
ADHantidiuretic hormone, called also vasopressin.
ADHatypical ductal hyperplasia.
ADHDattention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
ADIacceptable daily intake.
ADJadjuvant chemotherapy.
ADLactivities of daily living.
ADM scaleAcceptance of Disability Scale Modified.
ADMabductor digiti minimi.
ADMAcademy of Dental Materials.
ADMacellular dermal matrix.
ADMacetone dry mass.
ADMacetone-dissolution method.
ADMacquired dermal melanocytosis.
ADMaction description resolution.
ADMadaptive decision making.
ADMadhesion molecules.
ADMadministrative medicine.
ADMadrenal medulla.
ADMadult onset diabetes mellitus.
ADMadvancement of the mandible.
ADMAide au Diagnostic Medical (database).
admair dry mass.
ADMAlcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health (grant of US Department of Health and Human Services).
ADMalcohol, drug, and mental disorders.
ADMallogeneic dermal matrix.
ADMamyopathic dermatomyositis.
ADMangular dependence model
ADManterior deep masseter.
ADMantroduodenal manometry.
ADMaperture-defined microvolume.
ADMappraisal-disruption model.
ADMarginine-deficient medium.
ADMarmadillo-derived mycobacteria.
ADMaspergillus differential medium.
ADMatypical diabetes mellitus.
ADMauditory dominance model.
ADMaverage distance map.
ADPabductor pollicis.
ADPadenosine diphosphate.
ADPAgricultural Development Program.
ADRadverse drug reaction.
AdriaAdriamycin, trade name for doxorubicin.
ADSanterior dynamized system (produced by: Abbott Labs).
ADVarterial deep venous.
ADVAujeszky's Disease Virus.
AEabove the elbow.
AEactive and equal.
AEadverse event.
AEAAsociación Española de Artroscopia (Spanish Arthroscopy Association - only Spanish).
AEAauricular electroacupuncture.
AEBas evidenced by.
AEC5-amino 9 ethyl carbazol.
AEDantiepileptic drug.
AEDautomated external defibrillator.
AEECattaching and effacing Escherichia coli.
AEHatypical endometrial hyperplasia.
AERauditory evoked response.
AERaverage evoked response.
AERCAfrican Economic Research Consortium.
AET2-aminoethylisothiouronium bromide hydrobromide.
AFadult female.
AFamniotic fluid.
AFaortic flow.
AFatrial fibrillation.
AFatrial flutter.
AFBacid fast bacillus.
AFB1aflatoxin B1.
AFB2aaflatoxin B2a.
AFCamniotic fluid cortisol.
AFC/MSCratio of amniotic fluid cortisol and maternal serum cortisol.
aFGFacidic fibroblast growth factor.
Afibatrial fibrillation.
AFIPArmed Forces Institute of Pathology.
AFLartificial limb.
AFLatrial flutter.
AFLM1aflatoxicol M1.
AFLPacute fatty liver of pregnancy.
AFMatomic force microscope.
AFNORFrench Standardisation Institut.
AFOankle-foot orthoses.
AFPacute flaccid paralysis.
AFPalpha-fetoprotein (expressed by germ cell tumors and other cancers).
AFSI Africa Food Security Initiative .
AFTRatrophy, fasciculation, tremor, rigidity.
AFXatypical fibroxanthoma.
AGanion gap.
AGAadenine-guanine-adenine codon for arginine.
AGAappropriate-for-gestational age.
AGCTadult granulosa cell tumour.
AGFangle of greatest flexion.
AGG aggravation.
AGGadenine-guanine-guanine codon for arginine.
AGIAcademy for Guided Imagery.
AGLacute granulocytic leukemia.
AGNacute glomerulonephritis.
AGTTabnormal glucose tolerance test.
AGUadenine-guanine-uracil codon for serine.
AGUSatypical glands of unknown significance.
AHabdominal hysterectomy.
AHarterial hypertension.
AHAAmerican Heart Association.
AHAAmerican Hospital Association.
AHBalpha-hydroxybutyric acid.
AHCacademic health care.
AHCacademic health center.
AHCacute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis.
AHCacute hemorrhagic cystitis.
AHCamygdalohippocampal complexes.
AHCantihemophilic factor C.
AHCAAgency for Health Care Administration.
AHCAAmerican Health Care Association.
AHCDacquired hepatocellular degeneration.
AHCPRAgency for Health Care Policy and Research.
AHCyadenosyl homocysteine.
AHDacquired hepatocerebral degeneration.
AHDacute heart disease.
AHDantihypertensive drug.
AHDarterio-hepatic dysplasia.
AHDatherosclerotic heart disease.
AHDautoimmune hemolytic disease.
AHDMSautomated hospital data management system.
AHDPazacycloheptane diphosphonate.
AHDSAllan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome.
AHEacute hazardous events (database).
AHEacute hemorrhagic encephalomyelitis.
AHEAarea health education activity.
AHECarea health education center.
AHESartificial heart energy system.
AHFacute heart failure.
AHFAmerican Health Foundation.
AHFAmerican Hepatic Foundation.
AHFAmerican Hospital Formulary.
AHFantihemophilic factor.
AHFArgentinian hemorrhagic fever.
AHFAssociated Health Foundation.
AHFSAmerican Hospital Formulary Service.
AHGaggregated human globulin.
AHGantihemophilic globulin factor.
AHGantihemophilic globulin.
AHGantihuman globulin.
AHGGaggregated human gammaglobulin.
AHGGantihuman gammaglobulin.
AHGSacute herpetic gingival stomatitis.
AHHalpha-hydrazine analog of histidine.
AHHanosmia and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (syndrome).
AHHarylhydrocarbon hydroxylase.
AHHAssociation for Holistic Health.
AHIactive hostility index.
AHIAnimal Health Institute.
AHIapnea-plus-hypopnea index.
AHIMAAmerican Health Information Management Association.
AHIMAAmerican Health Information Management Association.
AHIPassisted health insurance plan.
AHISautomated hospital information system.
AHJartificial hip joint.
AHLacquired hypertrichosis lanuginosa.
AHLacute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis.
AHLapparent half-life.
AHLEacute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis.
AHLGantihuman lymphocyte globulin.
AHLSantihuman lymphocyte serum.
AHMAllied health manpower.
AHMambulatory Holter monitor.
AHMAAmerican Holistic Medicine Association.
AHMAantiheart muscle autoantibody.
AHMCAssociation of Hospital Management Committees.
AHNArmy Head Nurse.
AHNassistant head nurse.
AHNMDassociated clonal hematopoietic non-mast cell lineage disorder.
AHOAlbright hereditary osteodystrophy.
AHPaccountable health plan or partnership.
AHPacute hemorrhagic pancreatitis.
AHPafter hyperpolarization.
AHPair at high pressure.
AHPanalytic hierarchy process.
AHPapproved health plan.
AHPAssistant House Physician.
AHPAAmerican Health Planning Association.
AHPOanterior hypothalamic preoptic (area).
AHRantihyaluronidase reaction.
AHRAssociation for Health Records.
AHRatrial heart rate.
AHRAAmerican Hospital Radiology Administration.
AHRFacute hypoxemic respiratory failure.
AHRFAmerican Hearing Research Foundation.
AHRQAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
AHSAcademy of Health Sciences.
AHSAfrican horse sickness.
AHSalveolar hypoventilation syndrome.
AHSAmerican Hearing Society.
AHSAmerican Hospital Society.
AHSarea health service.
AHSassistant house surgeon.
AHSAAmerican Health Security Act.
AHSCTautologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
AHSDFarea health service development fund.
AHSNAssembly of Hospital Schools of Nursing.
AHSPAIDS Health Services Program (of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation).
AHSRAssociation for Health Services Research.
AHTaggregation half time.
AHTantihyaluronidase titer.
AHTarterial hypertension.
AHTaugmented histamine test.
AHTautogenous hamster tumor.
AHTGantihuman thymocyte globulin.
AHTPantihuman thymocyte plasma.
AHTSantihuman thymus serum.
AHUacute hemolytic uremic (syndrome).
AHUarginine, hypoxanthine, and uracil.
AHuGaggregated human IgG.
AHVavian herpes virus.
AIaccidental injury.
AIaccidentally incurred.
aIactive ingredient.
AIadiposity index.
AIaggregation index.
AIallergy and immunology.
AIamylogenesis imperfecta.
AIanaphylatoxin inactivator.
AIangiogenesis inhibitor.
AIangiotensin I.
AIanxiety index.
AIaortic incompetence.
AIaortic insufficiency.
AIapical impulse.
AIarticulation index.
AIartificial insemination.
AIartificial intelligence.
AIatherogenic index.
AIatrial insufficiency.
AIautoimmune, autoimmunity.
AIfirst meiotic anaphase..
AI/COAGartificial intelligence hemostasis consultant system.
AIAamylase inhibitor activity.
AIAanti-immunoglobulin antibody.
AIAanti-insulin antibody.
AIAaspirin-induced asthma.
AIAautomated image analysis.
AIBavian infectious bronchitis.
AIBAaminoisobutyric acid.
AIBSAmerican Institute of Biological Sciences.
AICAkaike's information criterion (a goodness-of-fit measure).
AICaminoimidazole carboxamide.
AICAssociation des Infirmières Canadiennes.
A-ICaverage integrated concentration.
AICAanterior inferior cerebellar artery.
AICAanterior inferior communicating artery.
AI-CAHautoimmune-type chronic active hepatitis.
AICARaminoimidazole carboxamide ribonucleotide.
AICDautomatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator.
AICEangiotensin I converting enzyme.
AICFautoimmune complement fixation.
AIDacquired immunodeficiency disease.
AIDacute infectious disease.
AIDacute ionization detector.
AIDAgency for International Development.
AIDargon ionization detector.
AIDartificial insemination by donor.
AIDautoimmune deficiency.
AIDautoimmune disease.
AIDautomatic implantable defibrillator.
AIDaverage interocular difference.
AIDPacute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy.
AIDSacquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
AIDSDRUGSclinical trials of acquired immunodeficiency drugs.
AIDS-KSacquired immune deficiency syndrome with Kaposi's sarcoma.
AIDSLINEon-line information on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
AIDS-OIAIDS with opportunistic infections.
AIDSTRIALSclinical trials of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome drugs.
AIISanterior inferior iliac spine.
AILangioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy.
AIMBEAmerican Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.
AINanterior interosseous nerve.
Aindindicative dosage.
AIODAssociation Internationale pour l'Ostéosynthèse Dynamique.
AIOMItalian Association for Medical Oncology.
AIONanterior ischemic optic neuropathy.
AIOSMAmerican Institute of Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine.
AIPacute interstitial pneumonia (Hamman-Rich disease).
AIROAssociazione Italiana di Radioterapia Oncologica.
AISadenocarcinoma in situ.
AISadolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
AITacute intensive treatment.
AJankle jerk.
AJAOAmerican Juvenile Arthritis Organization.
AJCCAmerican Joint Committee on Cancer.
AJKSAmerican Journal of Knee Surgery.
AJNRAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology.
AJOAmerican Journal of Orthopaedics.
AJRabdominojugular reflux maneuver.
AJRaccelerated junctional rhythm.
AJRalbumin-deficient and jaundiced strain of rats.
AKabove knee.
AKabove the knee (amputation).
AKAabove knee amputation.
AKAalso known as.
AKSAmerican Knee Society.
ALidiopathic (primary) amyloidosis.
ALleft ear.
Alporous alumni.
ALATalanine aminotransferase / alanine transaminase.
ALCanaplastic large cell.
ALCapproximate lethal concentration.
ALDalcoholic liver disease.
ALIPatypical localization of immature precursors.
alk phosalkaline phosphatase.
ALKanaplastic lymphoma kinase.
ALKautomated lamellar keratoplasty.
ALL acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
AlloSCTallogeneic stem-cell transplantation.
ALMIanterior lateral myocardial infarction.
ALPalkaline phosphatase.
alpha 2,6-STalpha 2,6 sialyltransferase.
alpha-T7transgenic line of mice.
ALRIantero-lateral rotatory instability.
ALS acute lumbar strain.
ALSadvanced life support.
ALSamyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
ALSanterolateral sclerosis.
alt horalternate hours/every other hour.
ALTalanine aminotransferase (formerly SGPT).
Altaluminum tartrate.
ALTargon laser trabeculoplasty.
ALTautolymphocyte therapy.
ALTavian laryngotracheitis
ALTBacute laryngotracheobronchitis.
ALTEacute life-threatening event.
ALTEEacetyl-L-tyrosine ethyl ester.
ALTSacute lumbar trauma syndrome.
ALVFacute left ventricular failure.
AMadult male.
AMaerospace medicine.
AMalveolar macrophages.
AMbefore noon.
AMAagainst medical advice.
AMAAmerican Medical Association.
AMANacute motor axonal neuropathy.
AMBambulate; ambulatory.
AMDacid maltase deficiency.
AMDacromandibular dysplasia.
AMDactinomycyn d.
AMDage-related macular degeneration.
AMDair monitoring device.
AMDaleutian mink disease.
AMDAssociation for Macular Diseases.
AMDs-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase.
AMDFAmerican Macular Degeneration Foundation.
AMIacute myocardial infarction.
AMIAAmerican Medical Informatics Association.
AMLacute myeloblastic leukemia.
AMM&Magnogenic myeloid metaplasia with myelofibrosis.
AMMagnogenic myeloid metaplasia.
AMSAmerican Medical Systems Inc..
AMSaseptic meningitis syndrome.
AMSANacute motor sensory axonal neuropathy.
AMSSMAmerican Medical Society for Sports Medicine.
AMValfalfa mosaic virus.
AMVanterior medullary velum.
AMVapical membrane vesicles (about lung).
AMV-RTavian myeloblastosis virus reverse transcriptase.
AMY2alpha-amylase 2.
ANAantinuclear antibody test (see also FANA).
ANCabsolute neutrophil count.
ANCAantineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies.
ANDanterior nasal discharge.
ANEDalive no evidence of disease.
ANHEacute necrotizing hemorrhagic encephalopathy.
ANIacute nerve irritation.
ANLLacute non-lymphocytic leukemia.
ANOamiodarone neuropathy of the optic nerve.
ANOVAanalysis of variance.
ANPatrial natriuretic peptide.
ANPsadvanced nurse practitioners'.
ANRFArthritis National Research Foundation.
ANRIacute nerve root irritation.
ANSautonomic nervous system.
ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute.
anti-OJanti-isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase.
AO ASIFAO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Osteosynthesefragen) Association of the Study of Internal Fixation.
AOangle of.
AOArbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Osteosynthesefragen.
AOinbred strains of rats [AO(RT1u/AgB2)].
AOAAmerican Orthopaedic Association (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
AOAAmerican Osteopathic Association.
AOAAsian Orthopaedic Association.
AOAAustralian Orthopaedic Association.
AOACAssociation of Official Analytical Chemist.
AOBAbteilung für Orthopädische Biomechanik (Orthopaedic Biomechanics Division).
AOBalcohol on breath.
AODarteriosclerotic occlusive disease.
AODAalcohol and other drugs of abuse.
AODMadult onset diabetes mellitus.
AOFASAmerican Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
AOIAO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Osteosynthesefragen) International.
AOLFAssociation des Orthopédistes de Langue Française.
AOMacute otitis media.
AOPAAmerican Orthotic and Prosthetic Association.
AOQl'Association d'Orthopédie du Québec.
AORFAAmerican Orthopaedic Rugby Football Association.
AORNAssociation of Perioperative Registered Nurses.
AOSAcademic Orthopaedic Society (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
AOSAlaska Orthopaedic Society.
AOSArizona Orthopaedic Society.
AOSSMAmerican Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (Journal) (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
AOx4alert and oriented in 4 questions asked in evaluation of metal status.
AP & Lanteroposterior and lateral.
AP(Lat. ante partum) before delivery.
APaccess permit.
APaccessory pathway.
APaccounts payable.
APacid phosphatase.
APacinar parenchyma.
APaction potential.
APactive pepsin.
APacute pancreatitis.
Apacute phase.
APacute pneumonia.
APacute proliferative.
APadenomatous polyposis.
APadolescent psychiatry.
APaerosol pentamidine.
APafter parturition.
APalkaline phosphatase.
APalum precipitated.
APamyloid p-component.
APangina pectoris.
APanterior pituitary.
APanteroposterior (view in X-rays).
APantidromic potential.
APantral peristalsis.
APaortic pressure.
APapical pulse.
APappendicitis; appendix.
APapurinic acid.
AParea postrema.
AParithmetic progression.
AParterial pressure.
APartificial pneumothorax.
APaspiration pneumonia.
Apassessment and plans.
APassociation period.
APatherosclerotic plaque.
APatrial pacing.
APatrioventricular pathway.
apattachment point.
APAustralian pharmacist.
apbefore dinner.
APBNP, brain natriuretic peptide.
APAAbrus precatorius agglutinin.
APAAmerican Paralysis Association.
APAAmerican Psychiatric Association.
APAAPalkaline phosphatase anti-alkaline phosphatase.
APACHEacral pseudolymphomatous angiokeratoma of childhood.
APAPacetaminophen (paracetamol).
APBabductor pollicis brevis (also ABPB).
APBatrial premature beat.
APCactivated protein C.
APCAmbulatory Patient Classification.
APCanterior polar cataract.
APCantero-posterior compression.
APCantigen presenting cells.
APCArgon Plasma Coagulation.
APCaspirin, phenacetin, caffeine.
APCIatmosphere pressure chemical ionization.
APFassigned protection factor.
APHanterior pituitary hormone.
APHISUSDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
APIAssociation for Pathology Informatics.
APLabductor pollicis longus (also ABPL).
APLARAsian Pacific League of Association for Rheumatology.
APLSadvanced pediatric life support.
APMAAmerican Podiatric Medical Association.
ApMVapple mosaic virus.
APPAlzheimer amyloid precursor protein.
ApPCanthrylvinyl-labeled phosphatidylcholine.
APPCaorto-pericardial pouch conduit.
APPCapoptotic cells.
APPccytoplasmic tail of the amyloid precursor protein.
APPCknee arthroplasty with polyethylene patellar components.
APTAAmerican Physical Therapy Association.
APTTautomated partial thromboplastin time.
APUDamine precursor uptake and decarboxylation.
APVODarteriosclerotic peripheral vascular occlusive disease.
APXascorbate peroxidase.
AQ, aq.water.
AQLacceptance quality level.
ARactive resistance.
ARadmitting room.
ARapical rate.
ARartificial respiration.
ARassessment report.
ARassisted respiration.
ARat risk.
ARCAIDS related complex.
ARDacute respiratory disease.
ARDatheroembolic renal disease.
ARDSacute/adult respiratory distress syndrome.
AREactive-resistance exercise.
ARFacute renal failure.
ARFacute respiratory failure.
ARFacute rheumatic fever.
ARIanxiety reaction, intense.
ARICAtherosclerosis Risk in Communities.
ARManxiety reaction, mild.
ARNPAdvanced Registered Nurse Practitioner.
AROMactive range of motion.
AROMartificial rupture of membranes.
ARPAmerican Registry of Pathology.
ARPAmerican Registry of Pathology.
ARRTAmerican Registry of Radiologic Technologists.
ARTabsolute retention time (chromatography).
ARTAchilles' tendon reflex test.
ARVDarrythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia.
AS ankylosing spondylitis.
as toas tolerated.
ASanal sphincter.
ASaortic stenosis.
ASauris sinistra (left ear).
ASAacetylsalicylic acid (aspirin).
ASAAmerican Society of Anesthesiologists.
ASAMIAssociation for the Study and Application of the Ilizarov Method.
ASAPas soon as possible.
ASBAmerican Society of Biomechanics.
ASBMEAssociated Students of Biomedical Engineering.
ASBMRAustrian Society for Bone and Mineral Research (EFFO Member Society).
ASCADarteriosclerotic coronary artery disease.
ASCOAmerican Society of Clinical Oncology.
ASCUSatypical squamous cells of unknown significance.
ASCVDarteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
ASDatrial septal defect.
ASDautosensitization spongiotic dermatitis.
ASDPAmerican Society of Dermatopathology.
ASESAmerican Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
ASFAfrican Swine Fever.
ASFanterior spinal fusion.
ASHAmerican Society of Hematology.
ASHasymmetrical septal hypertrophy.
ASHDarteriosclerotic heart disease.
ASHDatherosclerotic heart disease.
ASHNRAmerican Society of Head and Neck Radiology.
ASIspecific immunotherapy.
ASIAAmerican Spinal Injury Association (AAOS Related Organizations).
ASICapplication specific integrated circuit.
ASISanterior superior iliac spine.
ASMaggressive systemic mastocytosis.
ASMAmerican Society for Microbiology.
ASMIAmerican Sports Medicine Institute.
ASNRAmerican Society of Neuroradiology.
ASOAmplatzer septal occluder.
ASOantisense oligonucleotides.
ASOarteriosclerosis obliterans.
ASOPAAmerican Society of Orthopaedic Physician's Assistants (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
ASOSAustralian Society of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Aspaspartic acid.
ASPNRAmerican Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology.
ASPRSAmerican Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons.
ASPVDarteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease
ASRage standardized rate (incidence).
ASRTAmerican Society of Radiologic Technologists.
amyloid beta-peptides.
ASSanterior superior spine.
ASSHAmerican Society for Surgery of the Hand (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
ASSRAmerican Society of Spine Radiology.
ASSVapple scar skin viroid.
ASTall subjects treated.
ASTantimicrobial susceptibility testing.
ASTaspartate aminotransferase (formerly SGOT).
ASTAssociation of Surgical Technologists.
ASTMamerican standard test method.
ASTROAmerican Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology.
ASUambulatory surgery unit.
at bed timehs.
ATachilles tendon.
ATanterior tibial.
ATathletic trainer.
atvol atomic volume.
atwt atomic weight.
AT/NCatraumatic, normocephalic.
ATFamino-terminal fragment.
ATLadult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
ATLLadult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
ATLSadvanced trauma life support (training course).
ATNacute tubular necrosis
ATPattending physician.
ATPautoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura.
ATPSambient temperature and pressure, saturated.
Atr fibatrial fibrillation.
ATRAchilles tendon reflex.
ATRalpha-thalassemia-mental retardation (syndrome).
ATRAall-trans-retinoic acid (regimen used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia).
ATRIPAfrica Trade and Investment Program.
ATRX, ATR-XX-linked alpha-thalassemia mental retardation (syndrome).
ATSAchard-Thiers syndrome.
ATSacid test solution.
ATSalpha-D-tocopherol acid succinate.
ATSAmerican Thoracic Society.
ATSAmerican Trauma Society.
ATSAmerican Trudeau Society.
ATSantirat thymocyte serum.
ATSantitetanus serum.
ATSantithymocyte serum.
ATSanxiety tension state.
ATSDRAgency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.
ATTarginine tolerance test.
ATTaspirin tolerance time.
ATVAbelson virus transformed.
ATVavian tumor virus.
ATxadult thymectomy.
ATZatypical transformation zone.
Au AgAustralia antigen.
AU(auris unitas) both ears.
AUaccording to custom ( usum).
AUallergenic unit.
AUAngstrom unit.
AUantitoxin unit.
AUarbitrary unit.
AuAustralia (antigen).
AUAustralia antigen.
Augold (Lat.Aurum).
AUAadenine-uracil-adenine codon for isoleucine.
AUAAmerican Urological Association.
AUAasymptomatic urinary abnormalities.
AUBabnormal uterine bleeding.
AUCadenine-uracil-cytosine codon for isoleucine.
AUCarea under the curve.
AUDarthritis of unknown diagnosis.
AUDITalcohol use disorders identification test.
AUGacute ulcerative gingivitis.
AUGadenine-uracil-guanine codon for methionine.
AUGHacute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
AuHAAAustralia hepatitis-associated antigen.
AUIAlcohol Use Inventory.
AULacute undifferentiated leukemia.
AUMCarea under the "moment" curve.
AUOamyloid of unknown origin.
AuPAustralian antigen protein.
AUPHAAssociation of University Programs in Health Administration.
aurauric, auricle, auricular.
AUSacute urethral syndrome.
AUsalcohol users.
aus, auscauscultation.
AuSAustralia serum hepatitis.
AuSHAustralia serum hepatitis.
Auto-PEEPself-controlled positive end-expiratory pressure.
AUUadenine-uracil-uracil codon for isoleucine.
AUVanterior urethral valve.
AUVIBautotransfusion of UV-irradiated blood.
AVAdriamycin and vincristine.
AVair velocity.
avair velocity.
AVallergic vasculitis.
AVanticipatory vomiting.
AVaortic valve.
AVartificial ventilation.
AVassisted ventilation.
AVaugmented vector.
AVaviation medicine.
AV/AFanteverted, anteflexed.
Av3Vanteroventral third ventricle.
AVAactivity vector analysis.
AVAantiviral antibody.
AVAaortic valve area.
AVAaortic valve atresia.
AVAarteriovenous anastomosis.
AVBatrioventricular block.
AVCaberrant ventricular conduction.
AVCAcademy of Veterinary Cardiology.
AVCaortic valve closure.
AVCAssociation of Vitamin Chemists.
AVCassociative visual cortex.
AVCassociative visual cortex.
AVCatrioventricular canal.
AVCautomatic volume control.
AVCNanteroventral cochlear nucleus.
AVCSatrioventricular conduction system.
AVCxatrioventricular circumflex branch.
AVDaortic valvular disease.
AVDapparent volume of distribution.
AVDArmy Veterinary Department.
AVDatrioventricular dissociation.
AVDO2arteriovenous oxygen saturation difference.
AVDO2Barteriovenous oxygen saturation difference, basal.
AVDPaverage diastolic pressure.
AVEaortic valve echocardiogram.
ave, averaverage.
AVFantiviral factor.
AVFarteriovenous fistula.
aVFautomated volt foot.
aVFunipolar limb lead on the left leg in electrocardiography.
AVGambulatory visit group.
AVHacute viral hepatitis.
AVHDacquired valvular heart disease.
AVHSacquired valvular heart syndrome.
AVIair velocity index.
AVIAssociation of Veterinary Inspectors.
AVJatrioventricular junction.
AVJRatrioventricular junction rhythm.
AVJReatrioventricular junctional reentrant.
aVLautomated volt left.
aVLunipolar limb lead on the left arm in electrocardiography.
AVLINEAudiovisuals On-Line (database).
AVMarteriovenous malformations.
AVMatrio-ventricular malformations.
AVMaviation medicine.
AVMAAmerican Veterinary Medical Association.
AVNacute vasomotor nephropathy.
AVNatrioventricular nodal (conduction).
AVNatrioventricular node.
AVNavascular necrosis (MRI evaluation).
AVNDatrioventricular node dysfunction.
AVNFHavascular necrosis of the femoral head.
AVNFRPatrioventricular node functional refractory period.
AVNRatrioventricular nodal reentry.
AVNRTatrioventricular node reentry tachycardia.
AVOaortic valve opening.
AVOaortic valve orifice.
AVOatrioventricular opening.
AVO2arteriovenous oxygen ratio.
AVPabnormal vasopressin.
AVPambulatory venous pressure.
AVPantiviral protein.
AVPaqueous vasopressin.
AVParteriovenous passage time.
AVPUalert, verbal, painful, unresponsive (neurologic test).
AVRaccelerated ventricular rhythm.
AVRantiviral regulator.
AVRaortic valve replacement.
aVRautomated volt right.
aVRunipolar limb lead on the right arm in electrocardiography.
AVRIacute viral respiratory infection.
AVRPatrioventricular refractory period.
AVRRantiviral repressor regulator.
AVRTatrioventricular reentrant tachycardia; atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia.
AVSaortic valve stenosis.
AVSarteriovenous shunt.
AVSauditory vocal sequencing.
AVSDatrioventricular septal defect.
AVSVaortic valve stroke volume.
AVTAllen vision test.
AVTarginine vasotocin.
AVTAviation Medicine Technician.
AVZavascular zone.
AWable to work.
AWabove waist.
AWabrupt withdrawal.
AWalcohol withdrawal.
AWalive and well.
AWalveolar wall.
AWanterior wall.
AWatomic warfare.
AWatomic weight.
awwater activity.
AWAanimal waste ashes.
AWAas well as.
AWARanterior wall of aortic root.
AWBMalveolar wall basement membrane.
AW-GCapatite and wollastonite containing glass-ceramic.
AXaxial: axillary.
AZTazidothymidine (zidovudine).
B (620 abbreviations)
B&Cbiopsy and curettage.
Bfever, sweats, or weight loss ("B" symptoms in Hodgkin lymphoma).
b/cbenefit/cost (ratio).
B19-PRCApure red cell aplasia caused by parvovirus B19.
Ba, BAbarium.
BAblood alcohol.
BAbone age.
BAbrachial artery.
BAbronchial asthma.
BABBabinski's sign
BACblood alcohol concentration
BACRBritish Association for Cancer Research.
Bact.bacteriologist; bacteriology
BaEbarium enema
BAERbrain stem auditory evoked response.
BAIJPBovie-assisted uvulopalatoplasty.
BALbronchoalveolar lavage.
BALFbroncho-alveolar lavage fluid.
B-ALLB-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
BALTbronchus-associated lymphoid tissue.
BaMbarium meal.
BAMbasilar artery migraine.
BAMbilateral augmentation mammoplasty.
BAMbrachial artery mean (pressure).
BAMEbenzoylarginine methyl ester.
BamHIrestriction enzyme from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens H.
BANBritish Approved Name.
BANBritish Association of Neurologists.
BANSBack, posterior upper Arm, posterior Neck, Scalp; prognostically high-risk sites for malignant melanoma.
BAObasal acid output.
BAObrachial artery output.
BAO-MAObasal acid output to maximal acid output (ratio).
BAPbacterial alkaline phosphatase.
BAPBehavior Activity Profile.
BAPbeta-amyloid peptide.
BAPblood-agar plate.
BAPbovine albumin in phosphate buffer.
BAPbrachial artery pressure.
BAPhysMedBritish Association Physical Medicine.
BAPIbarley alkaline protease inhibitor.
BAPNbeta-aminoproprionitrile fumarate.
BAPOBelgian Association of Pediatric Orthopaedics.
BAPPbeta amyloid precursor protein.
BAPSbiomechanical ankle platform system.
BAPSbovine albumin phosphate saline.
BAPSBritish Association of Paediatric Surgeons.
BAPSBritish Association of Plastic Surgeons.
BAPTBritish Association of Physical Training.
BAPTAl,2-bis (aminophenoxy) ethane- N,N,N,N'-tetraacetic acid.
BAPVbovine alimentary papilloma virus.
BAQbrain-age quotient.
BARbariatrics; barometer, barometric.
BARbeta-adrenergic receptor.
BARbiofragmentable anastomosis ring.
Barb,barb barbiturate, barbituric.
BARKbeta-adrenergic receptor kinase.
BARNbilateral acute retinal necrosis.
BARSbehaviorally anchored rating scale.
BARTblood-activated recalcification time.
BASballoon atrial septostomy
BaSbarium swallow.
basbasophil, basophilic.
BASbenzyl anti-serotonin.
BASbeta-adrenergic stimulation.
BASboric acid solution.
BASABoston Assessment of Severe Aphasia.
BASEB27-arthritis-sacroiliitis-extra-articular features (syndrome).
BASHbody acceleration synchronous with heart rate.
BASIbarley alpha-amylase/subtilisin inhibitor.
BASICBeginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Introduction Code.
BASOBritish Association of Surgical Oncologists.
basosbasophils (leukocytes).
BASPCANBritish Association for the Study and Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect.
BATbasic aid training.
BATbest available technology.
BATblunt abdominal trauma.
BATbrown adipose tissue.
BAUSBritish Association of Urological Surgeons.
BAVbicuspid aortic valve.
BAVCPbilateral abductor vocal cord paralysis.
BAVFObradycardia after arteriovenous fistula occlusion.
BAWbronchoalveolar washing.
BBbad breath.
BBbed bath.
BBbed board.
BBbeta blockade, beta blocker.
BBBioBreeding (rat).
BBblanket bath.
BBblood bank.
BBblood buffer.
BBblow bottle.
BBblue bloaters (emphysema).
bbBolton point.
bbboth bones.
BBboth bones.
BBbreakthrough bleeding.
BBbreast biopsy.
BBbrush border.
BBbuffer base.
BBbundle branch.
BBisoenzyme of creatine kinase containing two B subunits.
BB/FSbreast biopsy/frozen section
BBAborn before arrival.
BBBblood buffer base.
BBBblood-brain barrier.
BBBbundle branch block.
BBBBbilateral bundle-branch block.
BBBDblood brain barrier disruption.
BBCBelgian Bone Club (EFFO Member Society).
BBDbenign breast disease.
BBEBacteroides bile esculin (agar).
BBEPbrush border endopeptidase.
BBFbronchial blood flow.
BBIBiomedical Business International.
BBIBowman-Birk soybean inhibitor.
BBIWBioBreeding/Worcester (rat).
BBMbrush border membrane.
BBMVbrush border membrane vesicle.
BBNbroad band noise.
BBRSBurks' Behavior Rating Scale.
BBSBarolet-Biedl syndrome.
BBSbashful bladder syndrome.
BBSbenign breast syndrome.
BBSbilateral breath sounds.
BBSborate-buffered saline.
BBSbrown bowel syndrome.
BBTbasal body temperature
BCBachelor of Surgery (Lat.Baccalaureus Chirurgiae).
BCback care.
BCbactericidal concentration.
BCbasal cell.
BCbasket cell.
BCbattle casualty.
BCbiliary colic.
BCbipolar cell.
BCbirth control.
BCblastic crisis.
BCblood count.
BCblood culture.
BCBlue Cross (plan).
BCboard certified.
BCbone conduction.
BCbreast cancer.
BCbronchial carcinoma.
BCbuccal cartilage.
BCbuffy coat.
BC/BSBlue cross/Blue shield.
BCAballoon catheter angioplasty.
BCAbicinchoninic acid.
BCAblood color analyzer.
BCABlue Cross Association.
BCAbranchial cleft anomaly.
BCAbreast cancer antigen.
BCAAbranched chain amino acid.
BCAgbasal-cell antigen.
BCATbrachiocephalic arterial trunk.
BCBblood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier.
BCBbrilliant cresyl blue.
BCBRbilateral carotid body resection.
BCBSABlue Cross and Blue Shield Association.
BCCbasal cell carcinoma.
BCCbenign cellular changes (pap smear).
BCCbiliary cholesterol concentration.
BCCbirth control clinic.
BCCGBritish Cooperative Clinical Group.
BCCPbiotin carboxyl carrier protein.
BCDbinary-coded decimal.
BCDbleomycin, cyclophosphamide, dactinomycin.
BCDDPBreast Cancer Detection Demonstration Project.
BCDFB-cell differentiation factor.
BCDLBrachmann-Cornelia de Lange (syndrome).
BCDRSbrief Carroll depression rating scale.
BCDSbulimia cognitive distortions scale.
BCDSPBoston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program.
BCEbasal cell epithelioma.
BCEbenign childhood epilepsy.
BCEbubble chamber equipment.
BCEIbreast cancer estrogen-inducible.
BCFbasophil chemotactic factor.
BCFbioconcentration factor.
BCFbreast cyst fluid.
BCFPbreast cyst fluid protein.
BCGbacille Calmette-Guérin (vaccine).
BCGballistocardiography, ballistocardiogram.
BCGbicolor guaiac test.
BCGbromcresol green.
BCGFB-cell growth factor.
BChBachelor of Surgery (Lat.Baccalaureus Chirurgiae).
BCHbasal cell hyperplasia.
BChDBachelor of Dental Surgery.
BChirBachelor of Surgery (Lat.Baccalaureus Chirurgiae).
Bchl,bChl bacterial chlorophyll.
BCHSBureau of Community Health Services.
BCHTbicaval heart transplantation.
BCIbehavioral cues index.
BCIbrain-computer interface.
BCIABiomedical Clinical Instrumentation Association.
BCIP5-bromo-4-chloro-3-inodolyl phosphate.
BCKAbranched-chain keto acid.
BCKDbranched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase.
BCLbasic cycle length.
BCLB-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
bcl-2(B-cell lymphoma-2) a gene that inhibits apoptosis; overexpression may cause follicular lymphomas.
BCLPDB-cell chronic lymphoprolipherative disorders.
BCPbirth control pills.
bcrbreakpoint cluster region.
BCSbreast conservation surgery.
BD(Lat: bis die) twice a day.
BDbarbiturate dependence.
BDbase deficit.
BDbase of prism down.
BDbasophilic degeneration.
BDBatten disease.
BDbehavioral disorder.
BDBehcet disease.
BDbicarbonate dialysis.
BDbile duct.
BDbinocular deprivation.
BDbiotinylated dextran.
BDbirth date.
BDblack death.
BDblock design (test).
BDblood donor.
BDblue diaper (syndrome).
BDborder disease.
BDborderline dull.
BDBowen disease.
BDbrain damage.
BDbrain dead, brain death.
BDBriquet disorder.
BDbronchodilation, bronchodilator.
BDbuoyant density.
BDByler disease.
BDGbidirectional Glenn shunt.
BDIblunt duodenal injury.
BDI-1monoclonal antibody against human bladder carcinoma.
BDI-PCBeck Depression Inventory for Primary Care.
BEbarium enema.
BEbelow the elbow.
BEbenzoylecgonine (cocaine).
BEbrisk and equal.
BEA2-bromoethylamine hydrobromide.
BEC2an anti-idiotypic monoclonal antibody that mimics the ganglioside GD3.
BELIbeta-Endorphin-like immunoreactivity.
BEMSBioelectromagnetics Society.
BERG balloon-assisted endoscopic retroperitoneal gasless (BERG lumbar interbody fusion).
beta-2Mbeta-2 microglobulin level.
BFblood flow.
BFbone fragment.
bFGFbasic fibroblast frowth factor.
BGbone graft.
BGBbisglucuronosyl bilirubin.
BGSbalance, gate, station
BGTTborderline glucose tolerance test.
BH cellsbaby hamster kidney cells.
BHAbutylated hydroxyanisole.
BHGBelgian Hand Group.
BHIABritish Healthcare Internet Association.
BHPbenign hypertrophic prostate.
BHSbeta hemolytic streptococcus.
BHTblunt head trauma.
BHTbutylated hydroxytoluene.
BHV-1Bovine Herpesvirus-1.
BIbackground interval.
BIbacterial or bactericidal index.
BIbase-in (prism).
BIbasilar impression.
BIBillroth I (operation).
BIbiological indicator.
BIbiotechnology informatics.
BIbodily injury.
BIbone impaction.
BIbone injury.
BIbrain injury.
BIburn index
Biprefix meaning both sides (e.g. bilateral); two components (e.g. biphasic).
BIDbrought in dead.
BID/BDtwice a day (bis in die).
BIJCThe British Isles Joint TNM Classification.
BINbin, twice a night.
BIPbronchiolitis obliterans with interstitial pneumonia.
BIRbaculovirus IAP repeat.
BIRBritish Institute of Radiology.
BIRPB1-independent rotation phase-cycled.
BIRPBIR-containing proteins.
Bis-GMAbisphenol-a-glycidyl methacrylate.
BiVASbiventricular assist system.
biwtwice a week.
BJBence Jones (proteinuria).
BJbiceps jerk.
BJbone and joint.
BJEbones, joints, extremities
BJMbones, joints, muscles.
BKbelow the knee.
BKAbelow knee amputation.
BKPback pain.
BLbilateral lower lung fields.
BLblood loss.
BLEboth lower extremities.
BLEEDbleeding (ongoing), low systolic blood pressure, elevated prothrombin time, erratic mental status, disease (unstable comorbid disease) (mnemonic for gastro-intestinal hemorrhage).
BLPDB-cell lymphoproliferative disorder.
BLQboth lower quadrants.
BLSbasic life support.
BLS-Dbasic life support and defibrillation.
BMbasal metabolism.
BMblood monitoring.
BMbody mass.
BMbone marrow.
BMbowel movement.
BMABritish Medical Association.
BMAbutyl methacrylate.
BMDBecker muscular dystrophies.
BMDBest's macular dystrophy.
BMDbone mineral density.
BMESBiomedical Engineering Society.
BMGbenign monoclonal gammopathy.
BMIbody mass index.
BMJBritish Medical Journal.
BMMECbone marrow microvascular endothelial cells.
BMNbone marrow necrosis.
BMPbone morphogenetic protein.
BMRbasal metabolic rate.
BMTbone marrow transplant (see HDC and HDC/BMT).
BMZbasement membrane zone.
BNbound niacin.
BNbulimia nervosa.
BNDbarely noticeable difference.
BNLIBritish National Lymphoma Investigation.
BNObladder neck obstruction.
BNSTbed nucleus of the stria terminalis.
BOAborn on arrival.
BOABritish Oncology Association.
BOABritish Orthopaedic Association.
BODMABritish Oncology Data Managers Association (UK).
BOEbilateral otitis externa.
BOLDblood oxygenation level-dependent.
BOMbilateral otitis media.
BOObladder outlet obstruction.
BOOPbronchiolitis obliterans-organizing pneumonia.
BOPblood, ova, parasites.
BOSBombay Orthopaedic Association.
BOTABelgian Orthopaedic Trauma Association.
BOWbag of waters.
BPB/P, blood pressure.
BPbody part.
BPbullous pemphigoid.
BPCblood pressure cuff.
BPCbronchoprovocation challenge.
BPDbiparietal diameter.
BPDborderline personality disorder.
BPDbronchopulmonary dysplasia.
BPDTransmission Chain Burnup Reactor Computer Code.
BPHbenign prostatic hypertrophy.
BPIbactericidal permeability increasing protein.
BPIBrief Pain Inventory.
BPLBauchinia purpurea alba.
bpmbeats per minute.
BPPblood pressure and pulse.
BPPVbenign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
BPRbrief psychiatric rating (scale).
BPSBelgian Pain Society.
BPTBbone-patellar tendon-bone.
BRATa fusion protein between the membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin (BR) and the catalytic subunit of aspartyl transcarbamylase from Escherichia coli.
BRATBaylor Rapid Autologous Transfusion system.
BRATBehaviour Research and Therapy.
bratbrain tumor gene.
BRBbright red blood.
BRBPRbright red blood per rectum.
BRCA1 & BRCA2(pronounced bra,ka one ...) genes, prone to multiple mutations, that are involved in a percentage of the breast cancers.
BRD(C)bovine respiratory disease (complex).
BRFSSBehavioral Risk Factor Surveillance system.
BRMbiological response modifier.
BRPbathroom privileges.
BRWbreast meat weight.
BRYbreast meat yield.
BSblood sugar.
BSbowel sounds.
BSbreath sounds.
BSbronchial secretion.
BSAbody surface area.
BSAbovine serum albumin.
BSAbowel signs active.
BSAEPbrain stem auditory evoked potentials.
BSCbedside commode.
BSEbovine spongiform encephalopathy.
BSEbreast self examination.
BSERbrainstem evoked response audiometry.
BSIbloodstream infections.
BSNbowel sounds normal.
BSObilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
BSPbromsulphalein (dye).
BSPhbachelor of science in pharmacy.
BSQbehavior style questionnaire.
BSRbasal skin resistance.
BSRblood sedimentation rate.
BSRbowel sounds regular.
BSRbrain stimulation reinforcement.
BSRBuschke selective reminding (test).
BSSBachelor of Sanitary Science.
BSSbalanced salt solution.
BSSBernard-Soulier syndrome.
BSSblack silk suture.
BSSBritish Scoliosis Society.
BSSbuffered salt solution.
BSSbuffered single substrate.
BSSEbile salt-stimulated esterase.
BSSHBritish Society for Surgery of the Hand.
BSSLbile salt-stimulated lipase.
BSTbacteriuria screening test.
BSTblood serologic test.
BSTbrief stimulus therapy.
BSUBartholin, Skene, urethral (glands).
BSUbasic structural unit.
BSUBritish standard unit.
BSVbinocular single vision.
BT base of tongue.
BTbladder tumor.
BTBlalock-Taussig (shunt).
BTbleeding time.
BTblood type, blood typing.
BTblue tetrazolium.
BTblue tongue.
BTbody temperature.
BTborderline tuberculoid.
BTbotulinum toxin.
BTbovine turbinate (cells).
BTbrain tumor.
BTbreast tumor.
Bt2cAMPN6,O2c- dibutyryladenosine 3c:5c-cyclic monophosphate, a dibutyryl derivative of cAMP.
BTABlood Transfusion Association.
BTBbreakthrough bleeding.
BTBbromthymol blue.
BTBLbromothymol blue lactose.
BTCbasal temperature chart.
BTCbiliary tract complication.
BTCbody temperature chart.
BTCGBrain Tumor Cooperative Group.
BTDbiliary tract disease.
BTDSbenzoylthiamine disulfide.
BTEbehind the ear (hearing aid).
BTEbovine thymus extract.
BTFSbreast tumor frozen section.
BTgbovine trypsinogen.
BthUBritish thermal unit.
BTLbilateral tubal ligation.
BTLSbasic trauma life support.
BTMbenign tertian malaria.
BTMblood temperature monitor.
BTPbiliary tract pain.
BTPbiological treatment planning.
BTPABAN-benzoyl-L-tyrosyl-p-aminobenzoic acid.
BTPSat body temperature and ambient pressure, and saturated with water vapor (gas).
BTRBezold-type reflex.
BTRbiceps tendon reflex.
BTRbiceps tendon reflex.
BTrbovine trypsin.
BTSblood transfusion service.
BTSblue toe syndrome.
BTSbradycardia-tachycaxdia syndrome.
BTSGBrain Tumor Study Group.
bTSHbovine thyroid-stimulating hormone.
BTUBritish thermal unit.
BTVblue tongue virus.
BTWback to work.
BTWby the way.
BTxblood transfusion.
BTXbotulinum toxin.
BUbase of prism up.
BUBethesda unit.
BUblood urea.
BUBodansky unit.
BUburn unit.
BUBuruli ulcer.
BUAblood uric acid.
BUAbroadband ultrasonic attenuation.
BUASBoston University Accutane Survey.
BucBucc, buccal.
BUDSbilateral upper dorsal sympathectomy.
BUEboth upper extremities.
BUFbuffalo (rat).
BUGbuccal ganglion.
BUIbrain uptake index.
BULITbulimia test.
BuMedBureau of Medicine and Surgery.
BUMPbehavioral regression or upset in hospitalized medical patients (scale).
BUNblood urea nitrogen.
BUN/CRblood urea nitrogen/creatine ratio.
BUObleeding of undetermined origin, bruising of undetermined origin.
BUQboth upper quadrants.
BURbilateral ureteral occlusion.
BUSBartholin, urethral, and Skene glands.
Butbut, butyrate, butyric.
BVbacitracin V.
BVbacterial vaginosis.
BVbiological value.
BVblood vessel.
BVblood volume.
BVABlind Veterans Association.
BVABritish Veterinary Association.
BVADbiventricular assist device.
BVASBirmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (prognostic scoring systems).
BVCBritish Veterinary Codex.
BVDbovine viral diarrhea.
BVD-MDbovine viral diarrhea-mucosal disease.
BVDTbrief vestibular disorientation test.
BVDVbovine virus diarrhea virus.
BVEbinocular visual efficiency.
BVEblood vessel endothelium.
BVEblood volume expander.
BVGHVBelgian Society of Medicine and Surgery of the Foot.
BVHbiventricular hypertrophy.
BVIblood vessel invasion.
BVLbilateral vas ligation.
BVMbronchovascular markings.
BVMBureau of Veterinary Medicine.
BVMGTBender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test.
BVMOTBender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test.
BVMSBachelor of Veterinary Medicine and Science.
BVObranch vein occlusion.
BVOTBelgische Vereniging voor Orthopedie en Traumatologie.
BVPblood vessel prosthesis.
BVPblood volume pulse.
BVPburst of ventricular pacing.
BVRbaboon virus replication.
BVRbureau of vocational rehabilitation.
BVSblanked ventricular sense.
BVScBachelor of Veterinary Science.
BVVbovine vaginitis virus.
BWbacteriological warfare.
BWbed wetting.
BWbelow waist.
BWbiological warfare.
BWbiological weapon.
BWbirth weight.
BWblack woman.
BWbladder washout.
BWblood Wasserman (reaction).
BWbody water.
BWbody weight.
BWDbacillary white diarrhea.
BWFIbacteriostatic water for injection.
BWIbirth weight.
BWSbattered woman (or wife) syndrome.
BWSBeckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.
BWSTblack widow spider toxin.
BWSVblack widow spider venom.
Bwtbody weight.
BWYVbeet western yellow virus.
BXbx, bacitracin X.
BXBx, biop., biopsy.
BXObalanitis xerotica obliterans.
ByCPRbystander cardiac pulmonary resuscitation.
BYDVbarley yellow dwarf virus.
BYEBarila-Yaguchi-Eveland (medium).
BzBzl, benzoyl.
BZRPbenzodiazepine receptor peripheral (type).
BZSBannayan-Zonana syndrome.
C (1160 abbreviations)
C sectC-section, cesarean section.
C&Ccold and clammy.
C&Mcocaine and morphine.
C&Scalvarium and scalp.
C&Sconjunctiva and sclera.
C&Sculture and sensitivity.
c(with line over it)with.
CCelsius, centigrade, complement
Ccertainty factor.
Cstandard clearance.
Cstatic respiratory compliance.
C/Cchief complaint.
C/Mcounts per minute.
C/Ocare of; complains of.
C/Scesarean section.
C/Scycles per second.
c/wcompatible with.
C/Wcontinue with.
C02carbon dioxide.
C1 - C7Cervical vertebrae.
CAcarbonic anhydrase.
CAcardiac arrest.
CAcatchment area.
CACaucasian adult.
CAchromosomal aberration.
CAchronological age.
CAcontrolled atmospheres.
CAcornu Ammonis (Ammon's horn).
CAcorpus allatum.
CAcytoxan plus adriamycin (treatment regimen).
CAAcerebral amyloid angiopathy.
CAAcytosine-adenine-adenine codon for glutamine.
CABcoronary artery bypass.
CABGcoronary artery bypass graft.
CACcytosine-adenine-cytosine codon for histidine.
CACO3calcium carbonate.
CADcoronary artery disease.
CAEcarotid artery endarterectomy.
CAFCaucasian adult female
CAFcell adhesion factor.
CAFchronic atrial fibrillation.
CAFcitric acid fermentation.
CAFcyclophosphamide, adriamycin, and 5-fluorouracil.
CAGcytosine-adenine-guanine codon for glutamine.
CAHchronic active hepatitis.
CAIcarbonic anhydrase inhibitor.
CALGBCancer and Leukemia Group B (USA).
cALLcommon ALL.
CALLAcommon acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen.
CAMCaucasian adult male.
CAMComplementary and Alternative Medicine.
CAMISComputer Assisted Minimally Invasive Surgery (Cleveland Clinic Foundation).
c-ANCAcytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies.
CAOchronic airflow obstruction.
CAOSComputer Assisted Orthopaedic Systems (Hull University).
CAPCollege of American Pathologists.
CAPDcontinuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
CAPMRCanadian Association of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.
CAREMISCurrent Agricultural Management Information System.
CAScomputer aided surgery (Journal).
CaSaccalcium saccharin.
CASIBcomputer-assisted frameless stereotactic interstitial brachytherapy.
CAST-6Children of Alcoholics Screening Test, 6-Item Version.
CASTLEcarcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation.
CATchloramphenicol avetyltransferase.
CATcoital alignment technique.
CATcomputed axial tomography.
CATCHcritically attained threshold of cerebral hypoperfusion.
CAUcytosine-adenine-uracil codon for histidine.
CAVcytoxan, adriamycin, and vincristine.
CAVBchronic AV block.
CAVHcontinuous arterio-venous haemofiltration.
CAVHDcontinuous arterio-venous haemodialysis.
CBchronic bronchitis
CBcurrent complaint.
CB/CCcentroblastic/centrocytic lymphoma.
CB3SCoxsackie B3 virus susceptibility.
CBCcombinatorial chemistry.
CBCcomplete blood count.
CBDcommon bile duct.
CBDcorticobasal degeneration.
CBDScorticobasal degeneration syndrome.
CBFcerebral blood flow.
CBFcore binding factor (16q22).
CBFcoronary blood flow.
CBGcortisol binding globulin.
CBGDcortical-basal ganglionic degeneration.
CBIcontinuous bladder irrigation.
CBPcolon anastomosis bursting pressure.
CBPPcontagious bovine pleuropneumonia.
CBQCalifornia Behavior Questionnaire.
CBQcellobiose:quinone oxidoreductase.
CBQChildbearing Questionnaire.
CBQChildren's Behavior Questionnaire.
CBQConflict Behavior Questionnaire.
CBRcomplete bed rest.
CBScervicobrachial syndrome
CBSchronic brain syndrome.
CBSclinical behavioral science.
CBSconjugated bile salts.
CBSculture-bound syndrome.
CBScystathionine beta-synthase.
CBTcarotid body tumor.
CBTcognitive behavioral treatment/therapy.
CBTcomputed body tomography.
CBVcapillary blood cell velocity.
CBVcatheter balloon valvuloplasty.
CBVcentral blood volume.
CBVcerebral blood volume.
CBVcirculating blood volume.
CBVcorrected blood volume.
CBVcortical blood volume.
CBVCoxsackie B virus.
CBVDcerebrovascular disease.
CBWchemical and biological warfare.
CBXcomputer-based examination.
CC&Ccolony count and culture.
CCCaucasian child.
CCcc, cubic centimeter.
CCchief complaint.
ccclean catch.
CCclosed cup.
CCclosing capacity.
CCcollagenous colitis.
CCcolony count.
CCcolorectal cancer.
CCcolumnar cells.
CCcommission certified.
CCcommon cold.
CCcomplicating condition.
CCcompound cathartic.
CCcomputer calculated.
CCcongenital cardiopathy.
CCcongenital cataract.
CCconsumptive coagulopathy.
CCcontrast cystogram.
CCconversion complete.
CCcord compression.
CCcorpora cardiaca.
CCcorpus callosum.
CCCoulter counter.
CCcreatinine clearance.
CCcritical care.
CCcritical condition.
CCCrohn colitis.
CCCronkhite-Canada (syndrome).
CCcrus cerebri.
cccubic centimeter.
CCCurrent Contents.
CCAcephalin cholesterol antigen.
CCAchick cell agglutination.
CCAchimpanzee coryza agent.
CCAcirculating cathodic antigen.
CCAcircumflex coronary artery.
CCAcommon carotid artery.
CCAcongenital contractural arachnodactyly.
CCAconstitutional chromosome abnormality.
CCAConsultative Committee on Agriculture .
CCAcytosine-cytosine-adenine codon for proline.
CCATchick cell agglutination test.
CCATconglutinating complement absorption test.
CCBcalcium channel blocker.
CCBVcentral circulating blood volume.
CCCcare-cure coordination.
CCCcathodal closure contraction.
CCCchronic calculous cholecystitis.
CCCchronic catarrhal colitis.
CCCcomprehensive care clinic.
CCCconcurrent care concern.
CCCconsecutive case conference.
CCCcouncil on clinical classification.
CCCcritical care complex.
CCCcylindrical confronting cistemae.
CCCcytosine-cytosine-cytosine codon for proline.
CCCADThe Canadian Consensus Conference on the Assessment of Dementia.
CCCCcentrifugal countercurrent chromatography
cccDNAcovalently closed circular deoxyribonucleic acid.
CCCEcross-cultural cognitive examination.
CCCIcathodal closure clonus.
CCCPcarbonyl cyanide m-chloro-phenyl-hydrazone.
CCCRclosed chest cardiac resuscitation.
CCCSCanadian Committee on Cancer Staging.
CCCScondom catheter collecting system.
CCCTclosed craniocerebral trauma.
CCCUcomprehensive cardiac care unit.
CCDcalibration curve data
CCDcentral core disease.
CCDcharge-coupled device.
CCDchildhood celiac disease.
CCDcleidocranial dysplasia.
CCDclinical cardiovascular disease.
CCDcountercurrent distribution.
CCDcumulative cardiotoxic dose.
CCDCCanadian Communicable Disease Center.
CCDNCentral Council for District Nursing.
CcDNAclosed circle deoxyribonucleic acid.
CCEcarboline carboxylic acid ester.
CCEchamois contagious ecthyma.
CCEclear-cell endothelioma.
CCEcountercurrent electrophoresis.
CCEcyanosis, clubbing or edema.
CCEHRPCommittee to Coordinate Environmental Health and Related Programs.
CCEICrown-Crisp Experimental Index.
CCFcancer coagulation factor.
CCFcardiolipin complement fixation.
CCFcarotid-cavernous fistula.
CCFcentrifuged culture fluid.
CCFcephalin-cholesterol flocculation.
CCFcompound comminuted fracture.
CCFcongestive cardiac failure.
CCFcrystal-induced chemotactic factor..
CCFAcefotoxin-cycloserine fructose agar.
CCFAScompact colony-forming active substance.
CCFEcyclophosphamide, cisplatin, fluorouracil, and extramustine.
CCFMGCooperating Committee on Foreign Medical Graduates.
CCFPCCertificant member, College of Family Physicians of Canada.
CCGChildren's Cancer Group (USA).
CCGcholecystogram, cholecystography.
CCGclinically coherent group.
CCGcytosine-cytosine-guanine codon for proline.
CCGCcapillary column gas chromotography.
CCHC-cell hyperplasia.
CChcholinergic agonist carbachol.
CCHchronic chloride hemagglutination.
CCHchronic cholestatic hepatitis.
CCHcircumscribed choroidal hemangiomas.
CCHACanadian Council on Hospital Accreditation.
CCHDChester County Health Department.
CCHDcyanotic congenital heart disease.
CCHECentral Council for Health Education.
CCHFACanadian Council on Health Facilities Accreditation.
CCHMSCentral Committee for Hospital Medical Services.
CCHPConsumer Choice Health Plan.
CCHScongenital central hypoventilation syndrome.
CCICardiovascular Credentialing International.
CCIcholesterol crystallization inhibitor.
CCIchronic coronary insufficiency.
CCIcommon client interface.
CCIcorrected count increment.
CCID50cell culture infectious dose 50 %.
CCK-8cholecystokinin octapeptide.
CCKLIcholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity
CCK-OPcholecystokinin octapeptide.
CCKRBcholecystokinin receptor B.
CCLcarcinoma cell line.
CCLcertified cell line.
CCLCharcot-Leyden crystal.
CCLcontinuing care level.
CCLcritical carbohydrate level.
CCLIcomposite clinical and laboratory index.
CCMcerebrocostomandibular (syndrome).
CCMchemical cleavage of mismatch.
CCMcongestive cardiomyopathy.
CCMcontextual choice model.
CCMcraniocervical malformation.
CCMcritical care medicine.
CCMCCommittee on the Costs of Medical Care.
CCMECoordinating Council on Medical Education.
CCMScerebrocostomandjbular syndrome.
CCMSclean catch midstream (urine).
CCMSclinical care management system.
CCMSUclean catch midstream urine.
CCMTcatechol methyltransferase.
CCMUcritical care medical unit.
CCNcaudal central nucleus.
CCNcommunity care network.
CCNcoronary care nursing.
CCNcritical care nursing.
CCNHPcommunity college nursing home project.
CCOcytochrome C oxidase.
CCOTcervical compression overloading test.
CCPDcontinuous cycling peritoneal dialysis.
CCRcontinuous complete remission.
CCRGChildren's Cancer Research Group (Oxford, UK).
CCSCanadian Cancer Society.
CCSserum corticosterone.
CCSCCanadian Cardiovascular Society Classification.
CCUcoronary/cardiac care unit.
CCUcytosine-cytosine-uracil codon for proline.
CDcadaver donor.
CDCadmium (Cd).
CDcandela (cd).
CDcanine distemper.
CDcanine dose.
CDcarbohydrate dehydratase.
CDcarbon dioxide.
CDcardiac disease.
CDcardiac dullness.
CDcardiac dysrhythmia.
CDcardiovascular disease.
CDCarrel-Dakin (fluid).
CDCastleman disease.
CDcaudad, caudal.
CDcaudal (cd or cd).
CDcause of death.
CDceliac disease.
CDcell dissociation.
CDcervico dorsal.
CDcesarean delivery.
CDchemical dependancy.
CDcircular dichroism.
CDcluster of differentiation (eg. CD4, CD8) - full list of CDs.
CDcoccygeal (cd).
CDcolor doppler.
CDcombination drug.
CDcommon (bile) duct.
CDcommunicable disease.
CDcompact disk.
CDcompletely denaturated.
CDconceptual design.
CDconduct disorder.
CDconduction disorder.
CDcondylion (cd).
CDconjugata diagonalis.
CDconsanguineous donor.
CDconsent decree.
CDcontact dermatitis.
CDcontagious disease.
CDcontrol diet.
CDcontrolled drug.
CDconventional dialysis.
CDconvulsive disorder.
CDconvulsive dose.
CDcorneal dystrophy.
CDCotrel-Dubousset (rod).
CDCrohn disease.
CDcrossed diagonal.
CDcurative dose.
CDcystic duct
CD138plasma cell membrane receptor.
CD138/B-B4immunoperoxidase stain using an antibody against CD 138.
CDAcongenital dyserythropoietic anemia.
CDCCenters for Disease Control.
CDGCongenital disorders of glycosylation.
CDGScarbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome.
CDHcongenital dislocation of the hip.
CDHcongenital dysplasia of hip.
CDIclean, dry, intact.
CdiffC-diff, Clostridium difficile.
CDMSclinically definite multiple sclerosis.
cDNAcomplementary DNA (a synthetic DNA copied from mRNA).
CDOcongenital duodenal obstruction.
CDRClinical Dementia Rating.
CDRcomplementarity-determining regions.
CDScervico-dorsal syndrome.
CDTcarbohydrate-deficient transferrin.
CE angle(radiograph) center-edge angle.
CEchloracetate esterase.
CEeuropean conformity.
CEAcarcinoembryonic antigen.
CEFcytoxan plus epirubicin plus 5.
Ceffeffective compliance; bedside method of monitoring the effectiveness of PEEP; equal with VT(tidal volume)/peak air pressure, should be greater than 50 cm3/cmH2O.
CENELECEuropean Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization.
CERADConsortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease.
Cervical dil.cervical dilation.
CFcompare, refer to.
CFcomplement fixation.
CFcystic fibrosis.
CFAEceftiofur free acid equivalent.
CFCcolony-forming cells.
CFCOTCollege Francais des Chirurgiens Orthopedistes et Traumatologues.
CFDIcolour-flow duplex imaging.
CFIDSChronic Fatigue and Immune Dysfunction Syndrome.
CFMcontinuous electronic fetal monitoring.
CFNSchills, fever, night sweats.
CFPcall for papers.
CFPCCollege of Family Physicians of Canada.
CFSChronic Fatigue (and Immune Dysfunction) Syndrome.
CFS/MEchronic fatigue syndrome (often called myalgic encephalomyelitis, especially in the UK).
CFTRcystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator.
CFUcolony forming units.
CFUccolony-forming unit cells.
CFU-GEMMcolony-forming units generating granulocytes, erythroblasts, macrophages, and megakaryiocytes.
CFU-Sspleen colony-forming units.
CGchorionic gonadotropin.
CgAchromogranin A.
CGAcompressed gas association.
CGAContact Guard Assist (physical therapy).
CGAcytosine-guanine-adenine codon for arginine.
CGCcytosine-guanine-cytosine codon for arginine.
CGCGGATCOct motif.
CGDchronic granulomatous disease.
CGGcytosine-guanine-guanine codon for arginine.
CGHcomparative genomic hybridization - cytogenetics method.
CGLchronic granulocytic leukemia (previous name for CML).
CGNcrescentic glomerulonephritis.
CGRPcalcitonin gene-related peptide.
CGUcytosine-guanine-uracil codon for arginine.
cGycenti Gray (unit of radiation).
ch. br. syn.chronic brain syndrome.
CH50total functional hemolytic complement.
CHAcalcium hydroxyapatite.
CHAcongenital hypoplastic anemia.
cHAcoralline hydroxyapatite.
CHDcongenital dislocation of the hip.
CHDcongenital heart disease
CHDcoronary heart disease.
CHFcongestive heart failure.
CHIclosed head injury.
CHILD syndromecongenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythrodermal and limb defects.
CHLclassical Hodgkin lymphoma.
ChlVPPchlorambucil, vinblastine, procarbazine, and prednisone.
CHOLserum cholesterol.
CHScalvarial hyperostotic syndrome.
CHSChediak-Higashi syndrome.
CHScustomized headholder system.
CHS1Chediak Higashi syndrome gene, located on chromosome 1 (1q42-44).
CHTclassical heart transplantation.
CIcardiac index (cardiac output divided by the patient's body surface area); normal 2.8-4.2 L/min/m2.
CIcardiac insufficiency.
CIcerebral infarction.
CIconfidence interval.
CIAcollagen-induced arthritis.
CIBIC-PlusClinician's Interview Based Impression of Change Plus Caregiver Input.
CICcirculating immune complexes.
CICcrisis intervention clinic.
CICUcardiac intensive care unit.
CIDcarpal instability, dissociative.
CIDcollision-induced dissociation.
CIDACanadian International Development Agency.
CIDPchronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
CIGcigarette consumption.
CIGcold insoluble globulin.
CIGcryosurgical iceball gauge.
cIgcytoplasmic immunoglobulin.
cIgMcytoplasmic immunoglobulin M.
CIKcytokine induced-killer cells.
CIMFchronic idiopathic myelofibrosis.
CIMMYTInternational Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
CINcervical intraepithelial neoplasia (grades I, II, III).
CINDcarpal instability non-dissociative.
CIPclinical investigation plan.
CIPInternational Foot and Ankle Society.
CIScarcinoma in situ.
CISHchromosomal in situ hybridization.
CJDCreutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
CJFcarotid-jugular fistula.
CK 18cytokeratin found in hepatocyte, renal tubular cell, ductular epithelia, mesothelia, and respiratory epithelia.
CK 1-8neutral to basic cytokeratin.
CK 9-20acidic cytokeratin.
CKcreatine kinase.
CKDresult checked.
CKIcasein kinase I.
CKMBcreatine kinase muscle band.
CKSclassic Kaposi sarcoma.
CL VOIDclean voided specimen (urine).
CL(P)cleft lip without cleft palate.
CLcapillary lumen.
CLcell line.
CLcentralis lateralis.
CLchest and left arm (lead in electrocardiography).
CLchronic leukemia.
CLcirrhosis of liver.
CLclear liquid.
CLcleft lip.
clclinic, clinical.
CLclinical laboratory.
CLcomplex loading.
CLconfidence limit or level.
CLconstant domain of L chain.
C-Lconsultation-liaison (setting).
CLcontact lens.
CLcorpus luteum.
CLcorrected (echo long axis) length.
CLcricoid lamina.
CLcriterion level.
CLcritical list.
CLcycle length.
CLcytotoxic lymphocyte.
CLlung compliance.
CL/CPcleft lip/cleft palate.
CL/CPcleft lip/cleft palate.
CL/Pcleft lip with or without cleft palate.
CLAcerebellar ataxia.
CLACertified Laboratory Assistant.
CLAcontralateral local anesthesia.
CLAcutaneous lymphocyte antigen.
CLAcyclic lysine anhydride.
CL-ABEchemiluminescence avidin-biotin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
CLAHcongenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia.
Clamcervical laminectomy.
CLAScongenital localized absence of skin.
classclassif, classification.
CLBcurvilinear body.
CLBBBcomplete left bundle branch block.
CLBPchronic low back pain.
CLCCharcot-Leyden crystal.
CLCClerc-Levy-Critesco (syndrome).
CLCDcleidocranial dysostosis.
CLCNchloride channel.
CLCPchymotrypsin-like cationic protein.
CLCScolchicine sensitivity.
CLDchloride diarrhea.
CLDchronic liver disease.
CLDchronic lung disease.
CLDcongenital limb deficiency.
CLDcrystal ligand field.
CLDHcholine dehydrogenase.
CLDPCommercial Law Development Program.
CLEcentrilobular emphysema.
CLEcontinuous lumbar epidural (anesthesia).
CLEDcystine-lactose-electrolyte-deficient (agar).
CLFcalcification of ligamentum flavum.
CLFcardiolipin fluorescent (antibody).
CLFceroid lipofuscinosis.
CLFcholesterol-lecithin flocculation.
CLHchronic lobular hepatitis.
CLHcleft limb-heart (syndrome).
CLHcorpus luteum hormone.
CLHcutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia.
CLIcomplement lysis inhibitor.
CLIcorpus luteum insufficiency.
CLIAClinical Laboratory Improvement Act.
CLIFcloning inhibitory factor.
CLIFCrithidia luciliae immunofluorescence.
clinclinic, clinical.
CLINPROTClinical Cancer Protocols.
CLIPcapitolunate instability pattern.
CLIPcorticotropin-like intermediate lobe peptide.
CL-IVRcycle length of the idioventricular rhythm.
CLLcholesterol-lowering lipid.
CLLchronic lymphocytic leukemia.
CLLcow lung lavage.
CLL/SLLchronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma.
CLMAClinical Laboratory Management Association.
CLMFcytotoxic lymphocyte maturation factor.
CLMLCurrent List of Medical Literature.
CLMVcauliflower mosaic virus.
clo"clothing"-a unit of thermal insulation.
CLOcod liver oil.
CLPchymotrypsin-like protein.
CLPcleft lip with cleft palate.
ClPclinical pathology.
CLPpaced cycle length.
CLScafé-au-lait spot.
CLSClinical Laboratory Scientist.
CLSCoffin-Lowry syndrome.
CLSCornelia de Lange syndrome.
CLSEcalf lung surfactant extract.
CLSHcorpus luteum stimulating hormone.
CLSLchronic lymphosarcoma (cell) leukemia.
CLSMconfocal laser scanning microscopy.
CLT(NCA)Laboratory Technician Certified by the National Certification Agency for Medical Laboratory Personnel.
CLTCertified Laboratory Technician.
CLTchronic lymphocytic thyroiditis.
CLTClinical Laboratory Technician.
CLTclot lysis time.
CLTclotting time.
CLTlung-thorax compliance.
CLTBtotal body clearance.
CLVcassava latent virus.
CLVconstant linear velocity.
CMCalifornia mastitis (test).
CMCarboMedics (heart valves).
CMcardiac murmur
CMcardiac muscle
CMcastrated male
CMCaucasian male
CMcause of death (form Latin causa mortis)
CMcavernous malformation
CMcell membrane
CMcenter of mass
cMcenti -morgan.
cmcentimeter - 0.01 meters.
CMcentrum medianum.
CMcerebral malaria
CMcerebral mantle
CMcervical mucosa or mucus
CMChick-Martin (coefficient)
CMchopped meat (medium)
CMcircular muscle
CMcirculating monocyte
CMcircumferential measurement
CMclinical medicine
CMclinical modification
CMcoccidioidal meningitis
CMcochlear microphonic
CMcodling moth.
CMcombined modality
CMcommon migraine
CMcomplete medium
CMcondition median
CMconditioned medium
CMcongenital malformation
CMcongestive myocardiopathy
CMcontinuous murmur
CMcontrast medium
CMcopulatory mechanism
CMcostal margin
CMcow's milk
CMcytoplasmic membrane
CMMaster of Surgery (from Latin Chirurgiae Magister)
Cmmaximum clearance.
Cmminimal concentration.
CMnarrow-diameter endosseous screw implant (form French crete manche).
cm2square centimeter.
cm3cubic centimeter.
CMACanadian Medical Association.
CMACertified Medical Assistant.
CMAchronic metabolic acidosis.
CMAcow's milk allergy.
CMAcultured macrophages.
CMAPcompound muscle (or motor) action potential.
CMARcell matrix adhesion regulator.
CmaxCmax, maximum concentration.
CMBcarbolic methylene blue.
CMBCentral Midwives' Board.
CMBESCanadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society.
CMCcare management continuity.
CMCcell-mediated cytolysis or cytotoxicity.
CMCchronic mucocutaneous candidiasis.
CMCcritical micellar concentration.
CMCCchronic mucocutaneous candidiasis.
CMCJcarpometacarpal joint.
CMCtcare management continuity across settings.
CMDcampomelic dysplasia.
CMDcamptomelic dwarfism.
CMDcartilage matrix deficiency.
CMDchief medical director.
CMDchildhood muscular dystrophy.
CMDchronic myeloproliferative disease.
CMDcomparative mean dose.
CMDcongenital muscular dystrophy.
CMDcount median diameter.
cmDNAcytoplasmic membrane-associated deoxyribonucleic acid.
CMEcontinuing medical education (American Medical Association On-Line CME Locator).
CMETcentral mucoepidermoid tumor of the jaws.
CMFcyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil.
CMFcytoxan, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil.
CMF/VPcyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, vincristine, and prednisone.
CMHCochran-Mantel-Haenszel test.
CMHCcommunity mental health centers.
CMIcombined mechanical injury.
CMLchronic myelogenous leukemia.
CMMLchronic myelomonocytic leukemia.
CMOcentric relation occlusion.
CMOChief Medical Officer (UK).
CMQCollège des médecins du Québec.
CMRclinical materials requisition.
CMScirculation, motion, sensation.
CMTCharcot-Marie-Tooth (International).
CMTcombined modality therapy.
CMT1ACharcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A.
CMVcontrol medical ventilation.
CMVIGcytomegalo virus immune globulin.
CN (2-12)cranial nerves (2 to 12).
CNcranial nerve.
CNLchronic neutrophilic leukemia.
CNLconstant neutral loss (scanning).
CNPAchronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis.
CNRcontrast-to-noise ratio.
CNScentral nervous system.
CNTFciliary neurotrophic factor.
cNTScaudal region of nucleus tractus solitarius.
CNU-TNMComite Nacional Uruguayo TNM.
CNVcranial nerve number 5.
CNXcranial nerve number 10.
COcarbon monoxide.
COcardiac output.
COcheck out.
COACalifornia Orthopaedic Association.
COACanadian Orthopaedic Association (Canadian Medical Association Affiliates).
COAcondition on admission.
COADchronic obstructive airways disease.
CODcause of death.
CODcondition on discharge.
CO-GHDchildhood-onset growth hormone deficiency.
COGMECouncil on Graduate Medical Education.
COLDchronic obstructive lung disease.
COMSSCouncil of Musculoskeletal Specialty Societies (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
Con Aconcavalin A.
Cong. fail.congestive failure.
CONsnormal controls.
COOMRCenter for Orthopaedic Oncology and Musculoskeletal Research.
COPcenter of pressure.
COPACertified Orthotic and Prosthetic Advocates.
COPDchronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
COPECalendar of Premenstrual Experiences (scale).
COPEchronic obstructive pulmonary emphysema.
CORCenter for Orthopaedic Research.
CORFCarolina Orthopaedic Research Foundation.
CORRClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (Journal).
COSCanadian Oncology Society.
COSClinical Orthopaedic Society (AAOS Related Organizations).
COSColorado Orthopaedic Society.
COSTA testcompost stabilization test.
COVDCollege of Optometrists in Vision Development.
COVDCollege of Optometrists in Vision Development.
COXcytochrome c oxidase.
CPcapsid protein.
CPcerebral palsy.
CPchest pain.
CPcoat protein.
CP2D-Acitrate-phosphate-double-dextrose adenine.
CPAPcontinuous positive airway pressure.
CPBcardiopulmonary bypass.
CPBcompetitive protein binding.
CPCclinicopathological correlation.
CPDcephalopelvic disproportion.
CPDchronic peritoneal dialysis.
CPEchronic pulmonary emphysema.
CPEcomplete physical examination.
CPEcytopathic effect.
CPHLCentral Public Health Laboratory.
CPKcreatine phosphokinase.
CPMcentral pontine myelinolysis.
CPMclinical project manager.
CPMcontinuous passive motion machine (center for orthopaedics and sports medicine).
CPMcounts per minute.
CPMACalifornia Podiatric Medical Association.
CPMSchronic progressive multiple sclerosis.
CPPDcalcium pyrophosphate dihydrate.
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation.
CPRchecks with previous results.
CPRContraceptive Prevalence Rate.
CPRC-reactive protein.
CPSChildren's Protective Services.
CPTCurrent Procedural Terminology.
CPXcomplete physical examination.
CPZChlorpromazine (Thorazine).
CR (1,2and 3), leukocyte complement receptors.
CR&Cclosed reduction and cast.
CRchest radiogram.
CRclinical records.
CRclosed reduction.
CRcomplete remission/complete response.
CRconditioned reflex.
CRAClinical Research Associate.
Cranicranial (toward the head or proximal).
Cranicranial (with reference to the cranium).
CRCCancer Research Campaign (UK).
CRCcolorectal carcinoma.
CreA(the transcriptional repressor mediating) carbon catabolite repression in Aspergillus nidulans.
CRESTcalcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasis.
CRFcase report form.
CRFcase report forms.
CRFchronic renal failure.
CRFcorticotropin-releasing factor or hormone.
CRIchronic renal insufficiency.
CRIScontrolled-release infusion system.
CRITcritical hematocrit.
CRLscervical root lesions.
CRNAcertified registered nurse anesthetist.
CROcathode ray oscilloscope.
CROclinical research organizations.
CROContract Research Organization.
CROMcervical range of motion.
CROMcervical range of motion.
CROMEcongenital cataracts-epileptic fits-mental retardation (syndrome).
CROScontralateral routing of signals (hearing aid).
CRPchronic relapsing pancreatitis.
CRPcorneal-retinal potential.
CRPcoronary rehabilitation program.
CRPC-reactive protein.
CrPcreatine phosphate.
CRPcross-reacting protein.
CRPcyclic AMP receptor protein.
CRPAC-reactive protein antiserum.
CRPDchronic restrictive pulmonary disease.
CRPFchloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum.
CRPFclosed reduction and percutaneous fixation.
CRPFcontralateral renal plasma flow.
CRPScomplex regional pain syndrome (type I and II).
CRRNcertified rehabilitation registered nurse.
CrRTcranial radiotherapy.
CRSCarroll rating scale for depression.
CRScatheter-related sepsis.
CRScaudal regression syndrome.
CRScervical spine radiography.
CRSChinese restaurant syndrome.
CRScolon and rectum surgery.
CRScompliance of the respiratory system.
CRScongenital rubella syndrome.
CRScryptidin-related sequence.
CRSMcherry red spot myoclonus.
CRSPcomprehensive renal scintillation procedure.
CRSTcalcinosis, Raynaud phenomenon, sclerodactyly, telangiectasia (syndrome).
CRTcadaveric renal transplant.
CRTcapillary refill time.
CRTcardiac resuscitation team.
CRTcathode-ray tube.
CRTCertified Record Techniques.
CRTchoice reaction time.
CRTchromium release test.
CRTcomplex reaction time.
CRTcomputerized renal tomography.
CRTcopper reduction test.
CRTcorrected retention time.
CRTcortisone resistant thymocyte.
CRTcranial radiation therapy.
CRTMcartilage matrix protein.
CRTPConsciousness Research and Training Project.
CRTTCertified Respiratory Therapy Technician.
CRUcardiac rehabilitation unit.
CRUclinical research unit.
CRVcentral retinal vein.
CRVFcongestive right ventricular failure.
CRVOcentral retinal vein occlusion.
CRYGgamma crystallin gene.
CRYMcrystallin, MU.
cryscryst crystal, crystaline.
CScalf serum.
CScampomelic syndrome.
CScarcinoid syndrome.
CScardiogenic shock.
CScarotid sheath.
CScarotid sinus.
CScat scratch.
CSceliac sprue.
Cscell surface.
CScentral service.
CScentral supply.
CScerebral scintigraphy.
CScervical spine.
CScervical stimulation.
CScesarean section.
CSchest strap.
CSchief of staff.
CScholesterol stone.
CSchondroitin sulfate.
CSchorionic somatomammotropin.
CSchronic schizophrenia.
CScigarette smoker.
CScitrate synthase.
CSclimacteric syndrome.
CSclinic scheduling.
CSclinical laboratory scientist.
CSclinical stage.
CSclinical status.
CSCockayne syndrome.
CScomplete stroke.
CScompression syndrome.
CSconcentrated strength.
CSconditioned stimulus.
CScongenital syphilis.
CSconjunctival secretion.
CSconscious sedation.
CSconscious, consciousness.
CSconservative surgery.
CSconstant spring.
CScontact sensitivity.
CScontinue same.
CScontrast sensitivity (test).
CScontrol serum.
CSconvalescence, convalescent.
CScoronary sclerosis.
CScoronary sinus.
CScorpus striatum.
CScrush syndrome.
CSc-section, cesarean section.
CScurrent smoker.
CScurrent strength.
CSCushing syndrome.
CSIV clinical stage 4.
CSACanadian Standards Association.
CSAcanavaninosuccinic acid.
CSAcarbonyl salicylamide.
CSAcell surface antigen.
CSAchemical shift anisotropy.
CSAchondroitin sulfate A.
CSAchorionic somatomammotropin A.
CSAcolony-stimulating activity.
CSAcompressed spectral assay.
CSAcomputerized spectral analysis.
CSAControlled Substances Act.
CSAcross section area.
CSAcyclosporine A.
CsAcyclosporine A.
CSAAChild Study Association of America.
CSADcorporate services administration department.
CSATcenter for substance abuse treatment.
CSAVPcerebral subarachnoid venous pressure.
CSBCanadian Society for Biomechanics (Société Canadienne de Biomécanique).
csbchromosome break.
CSBcongenital short bowel.
CSBcontaminated small bowel.
CSBcraniosynostosis, Boston type.
CSBFcoronary sinus blood flow.
CSBScontaminated small bowel syndrome.
CSCblow on blow (administration of small amounts of drugs at short intervals) (Fr. coup sur coup).
CSCcollagen sponge contraceptive.
CSCcryogenic storage container.
CSCCcutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.
CSCDCenter for Sickle Cell Disease.
CSCIcorticosterone side-chain isomerase.
CSCRCentral Society for Clinical Research.
CSCVcritical serum chemistry value.
CSDcarotid sinus denervation.
CSDcat scratch disease.
CSDcombined system disease.
CSDconditionally streptomycin dependent.
CSDconduction system disease.
CSDcortical spreading depression.
CSDcraniospinal defect.
CSDcritical stimulus duration.
CSDBcat scratch disease bacillus.
CSDMSCanadian Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers.
CSEclinical-symptom self-evaluation (questionnaire).
CSEcone-shaped epiphysis.
CSEconventional spin-echo.
CSEcross-sectional echocardiography.
C-sectioncesarean section.
CSEPcortical somatosensory evoked potential.
CSERcortical somatosensory evoked response.
CSFcancer family syndrome.
CSFcerebrospinal fluid.
CSFclassical swine fever.
CSFcold stability factor.
CSFcolony-stimulating factor.
CS-Fcolony-stimulating factor.
CSFcoronary sinus flow.
CSFHcerebrospinal fluid hypotension.
CSFPcerebrospinal fluid pressure.
CSFRcolony-stimulating factor receptor.
CSFVcerebrospinal fluid volume.
CSF-WRcerebrospinal fluid-Wassermann reaction.
CSGcholecystography, cholecystogram.
csgchromosome gap.
CSGBICardiac Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
CSGBMcollagenase soluble glomerular basement membrane.
CSHcarotid sinus hypersensitivity.
CSHchronic subdural hematoma.
CSHcombat support (army) hospital.
CSHcortical stromal hyperplasia.
CSHACanadian Study of Health and Aging.
CSHECalifornia Society for Hospital Engineering.
CSHRHcongenital self-healing reticulohistiocytosis.
CSIIcontinuous subcutaneous insulin infusion.
CSKchronic superficial keratitis.
CSMclinical supply management.
CSMSDCzech Society for Metabolic Skeletal Diseases (EFFO Member Society).
CSOSChinese Speaking Orthopaedic Society.
CSOTCanadian Society of Orthopaedic Technologists.
CSPcervical spine.
C-spinecervical spine.
CSRcentral supply room.
CSRcervical spine radiography.
CSRSCervical Spine Research Society (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
CSRTcorrected sinus recovery time.
CSSChurg-Strauss syndrome.
CSVCordis Standard Valves.
CSWCertified Social Worker.
CSWsChildren's Social Workers.
CTcarpal tunnel.
CTcerebral thrombosis.
CTcervical traction.
CTclinical trial.
CTcomputerized tomography.
CTcor triatriatum.
CTAclear to auscultation (about lungs).
CTABclear to auscultation bilaterally (about lungs).
CTACKcutaneous T-cell attracting chemokine.
CTBcholera toxin subunit B.
CTBconfined to bed
CTCcommon toxicity criteria.
CTDconnective tissue disease.
CTEcoefficient of thermal expansion.
CTEVcongenital talipes equinovarus.
CTFcentral tegmental field.
CTLcervical, thoracic, lumbar.
CTLcytotoxic T lymphocytes.
CTLAcytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CD152).
CTNBCT-guided needle biopsy.
CTOclinical trials office.
CTRcarpal tunnel release.
CTRcoated tube radioimmunoassay.
CTScarpal tunnel syndrome (carpal tunnel release: sample operative report).
CTSPcalled to see patient.
CTXclinical trials exemption.
CUcause unknown.
CUclinical unit.
CUAcytosine-uracil-adenine codon for leucine.
CUCcytosine-uracil-cytosine codon for leucine.
CUDcause undetermined.
CUGcytosine-uracil-guanine codon for leucine.
CUUcytosine-uracil-uracil codon for leucine.
CVcardiac volume.
CVcervical vertebra.
CVcolor vision.
CVcresyl violet (dye used in Gram staining).
CVAcerebrovascular accident (stroke).
CVAcostovertebral angle.
CVCcentral venous catheters.
CVDcardiovascular disease.
CVDcerebrovascular disease
CVGcontrast ventriculography.
CVIcerebrovascular insufficiency.
CVMPCommittee for Veterinary Medicinal Product.
CVPcentral venous pressure; normal range: 0 to 9 cm of water.
CVPcytoxan, vincristine, prednisone
CVScardiovascular status.
CVScardiovascular system.
CVSchorionic villous sampling.
CVVHcontinuous veno-venous haemofiltration.
CVVHDcontinuous veno-venous hemodialysis.
CWchest wall.
CWcrutch walking.
CWHTOclosing wedge high tibial osteotomy.
CWIcrutch walking instructions.
CWPcell wall protein.
CWPchildbirth without pain.
CWPcoal workers' pneumoconiosis.
CXchest x-ray.
CXRchest X-ray.
cystocystoscopic exam.
D (536 abbreviations)
D1 - D12dorsal vertebrae (thoracic vertebrae).
3-DVthree dimensional visualization.
D&Cdilatation and curettage.
D&Edilatation and evacuation.
D&Idry and intact (wound dressings).
D&Vdiarrhea and vomiting.
d, /dday, per day
Daspartic acid.
Ddiopter (lens strength)
D/Adate of accident.
D/Adate of admission.
D/BMDDuchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies.
D/DWdextrose in distilled water
D/Hdrug history.
D/NSdextrose in normal saline
D/Wdextrose in water.
D/Wdiscussed with.
D5anti-microphtalmia transcription factor antibody (for diagnosis of clear cell sarcoma/malignant melanoma of soft parts).
DAdegenerative arthritis.
DAinbred strains of rats [DA(RT1a/AgB4)].
DABdiaminobenzidine (chromogen for peroxidase-based detection systems).
DABdorsal abductors.
Dabsabsorbed radiation dose.
Dabsdegassed by O2 absorption (lungs).
DABSDerogatis Affects Balance Sheet.
DABSdiazobenzene sulfonate.
DABS-AAdimethylaminoazobenzenesulfonyl-amino acid.
DABS-Cldimethylaminoazobenzenesulfonyl chloride.
DAFdecay-accelerating factor (CD55) - regulates C3.
DAISYthe dairy information system (UK).
DANdiabetic autonomic neuropathy.
Dan-MONICADanish MONItoring trends in CArdiovascular diseases study.
DAN-PSSDanish Prostate Symptom Score.
DAOdog aorta.
DAPDraw a Person Test.
DAPdystrophin associated protein.
DAPCdystrophin-associated protein complex.
DAPKdeath-associated protein kinase.
DAP-Kinasedeath-associated protein kinase.
DAPTdiphtheria, acellular pertussis, and tetanus toxoids.
DARdouble-antibody radioimmunoassay.
DATdementia of the Alzheimer's type.
DATdiet as tolerated.
DATdirect antibody testing.
DATTDefense Attaché.
DAVdapple apple viroid.
DBdate of birth.
DBIdiazepam binding inhibitor.
DBMdemineralized bone matrix.
DBPdemineralized bone powder.
DBPdiastolic blood pressure.
DBPdibutyl phthalate.
DBPCFCdouble-blind placebo controlled food challenge.
DBSCdouble-breath, single cycle.
DBWdeficit birthweight.
DBWdesirable body weight.
DBWdiabetic black women.
DBWdosing body weight.
DBWdry body weight.
DC&Bdilation, curettage and biopsy.
DCdendritic cells.
DCdirect current.
DCdisc, discharged, discontinue.
DCdoctor of chiropractic.
DCAdirectional coronary atherectomy (for coronary ostial lesions).
DCBEdouble-contrast barium enema.
DCCdextran-coated charcoal.
DCCdirect current contershock.
DCGFdry corn gluten feed.
DCHDay-case haemorrhoidectomy.
DCHdeep cerebral hemorrhages.
DCHdelayed cutaneous hypersensitivity.
DCHdiffuse chorioamnionic hemosiderosis.
DCHdiffuse choroidal hemangiomas.
DChdorsochiasmatic area.
DCHdouble-crush hypothesis.
DCISductal carcinoma in situ - type of breast cancer.
DCMdilated cardiomyopathy.
DCPdes-g-carboxy prothrombin, specific for HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma).
DCSdecompression sickness.
DCTdistal convoluted tubule.
DDdischarge diagnosis.
DDdry dressing.
DDAVPdesmopressin acetate.
DDAVPdesmopressin test for urine osmolality.
DDDdegenerative disk disease.
DDHdevelopmental dysplasia of the hip (case report).
DDSDoctor of Dental Surgery.
DDxdifferential diagnosis.
DEdelayed excitation.
DEADrug Enforcement Agency.
DECdeceased; decrease
DEXAdual energy x-ray absorptiometry (accuDEXA(tm) bone densitometer by Schick Technologies).
DFAdirect fluorescent antibody test.
DFIdisease free interval.
DFIDBritish Department of International Development (Formerly ODA).
DFSdisease free survival (time without disease prior to relapse or last follow-up).
DFSPdermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
DGCdifferentiated type gastric carcinoma.
DGCdystrophin-glycoprotein complex.
DGCRDiGeorge chromosomal region.
DGGEdenaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.
DGGEdenaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.
DGIdisseminated gonococcal infection.
DGMduodenal gastric metaplasia.
DGRduodenogastric reflux.
DGSDiGeorge syndrome.
DHdermatitis herpetiformis.
DHAdocosahexanoic acid.
DHEASdehydroepiandrosterone sulfate.
DHEA-STdehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferases.
DHHSDepartment of Health and Human Services.
DHLdiffuse histocytic leukemia.
DHSdynamic hip screw.
DIdate of injury.
DIdiabetes insipidus.
diagdiagnosis, diagnostic.
DICdisseminated intravascular coagulation.
DIFdirect immunofluorescence.
DIFFdiff, differential blood count.
Dindindicative radiation dose.
DIPdesquamative interstitial penumonitis.
DIPdistal interphalangeal joints.
DIPdistal interphalangeal.
DIPJdistal interphalangeal joint.
DIPPdiisopropyl phosphate.
dIPSPsdepolarizing inhibitory postsynaptic potentials.
DISHdiffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis.
DISIdorsal intercalate segment instability.
DISLdislocate; dislocation.
DIWdextrose in water.
DJDdegenerative joint disease.
DKAdiabetic ketoacidosis.
DKAdid not keep appointment.
DKBdeep knee bends.
dldeciliter - 0.01 liters (100 ml).
DLdual lumen.
DLAdorsolateral area.
DLCdiamond-like carbon (coatings).
DLCLdiffuse large cell lymphoma.
DLCOdiffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide.
DLDHdementia lacking distinctive histopathology.
DLEdiscoid lupus erythematosus.
DLIdonor lymphocyte infusion.
DLOd-limonene 1,2-epoxide.
DLOdorsolateral outflow.
DLSdate last seen.
D-LSTdrug lymphocyte stimulation test.
DMdiabetes mellitus.
DMdiastolic murmur.
DM1myotonic dystrophy gene.
DMAdog mesenteric artery.
DMARDdisease modifying antirheumatic drugs.
DMCData Monitoring Committee.
DMDdaily maintenance dose.
DMDdelayed mental development.
DMDdepression and manic depression.
DMDdiastolic myocardial dysfunction.
DMDdietary management of diarrhea.
DMDdifferential metabolic display.
DMDdifferentially methylated domain.
DMDdigitoxigenin monodigitoxoside.
DMDdiscontinuous molecular dynamics.
DMDdisease modifying drug
DMDdisseminated malignant disease.
DMDdisseminated mycobacterial disease.
DMDDoctor of Dental Medicine.
DMDdorsal medullary depressor area.
DMDDrug Misuse Databases.
DMDdrusen-related macular degeneration.
DMDdry matter digestibility.
DMDDuchenne muscular dystrophy.
DMDDynia-Majan-Drdlicka factor
DMDDystonia Musculorum Deformans
DMIDesipramine (Norpramin).
DMIdry matter intake.
DMNdorsal motor nucleus.
DMPdata management plan.
DMRdirect myocardial revascularization.
DMS or MSMdimethylsulfone or methylsulfonylmethane (CH3SO2CH3).
DMSOdimethyl sulfamethoxazole (cryoprotective used to store cells from patients undergoing autologous transplantation).
DMVdog mesenteric vein.
DMVdorsal metatarsal veins.
DNdouble negative.
DNAdeoxyribonucleic acid.
DNAdid not attend (clinic).
DNCdominant-negative complementation.
DNDdied a natural death.
DNIdo not intubate.
DNI/DNRdo not intubate, do not resuscitate.
DNKAdid not keep appointment
DNMdelayed nonmatching-to-sample.
DNMdescending necrotizing mediastinitis.
DNMdesmoplastic neurotropic melanoma.
DNMdominant negative mutant.
DNRdo not resuscitate.
DNRdorsal nerve root.
DNSdid not show for appointment.
DOdoctor of osteopathy.
DOdorsal outflow.
DOAday of admission.
DOAdead on arrival.
DOBdate of birth.
DOCdied of other causes.
DODdate of death.
DOD/OSDDepartment of Defense/Office of the Secretary of Defense.
DOEdate of examination.
DOEDepartment of Energy.
DOEdyspnea on exertion.
DOESdisorder of excessive somnolence (narcolepsy).
DOIdate of injury.
DOJDepartment of Justice.
DONdemyelinating optic neuritis.
DOSdate of surgery.
DOSDepartment of State.
DOTdate of transfer.
DOTDepartment of Transportation.
DPdeep pulse.
DPdiastolic pressure.
DPdistal pulses.
DPdorsalis pedis pulse.
DPdorsalis pedis.
DPCdesaturated phosphatidylcholine.
DPCdesaturated phosphatidylcholine.
DPCdirect patient care.
DPCdirect patient care.
DPCdisseminated peritoneal cancer.
DPCdistal palmar crease.
DPCdistal palmar crease.
DPCdelayed primary closure.
DPDdiffuse pulmonary disease.
dpdttime derivative of left ventricular pressure.
DPGNdiffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis.
DPKODepartment of Peacekeeping Operations.
DPLdiagnostic peritoneal lavage.
DPMdirect photometric method.
DPMdisintegrations per minute.
DPMDoctor of Podiatric Medicine.
DPMdog pancreas microsomal membranes.
DPPCdipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine.
DPTdiphtheria, pertussis, tetanus immunization.
DPTAdiethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid.
DPVdiameter of portal vein.
DRdelivery room.
DRdiabetic retinopathy.
DRdiagnostic radiology.
DRdorsal root.
DRHLA DR antigen.
DREdigital rectal examination.
DREZdorsal root entry zone.
DRGdiagnosis-related groups.
DRGdorsal root ganglion.
DRG/PPSdiagnosis-related-group/prospective-payment system.
DRNdisaster relief nurse.
DRTdaily rumination time.
DRTdelay-reduction theory.
DRTDevelopmentally Regulated EPH-related Tyrosine kinase gene.
DRTdeviation ratio topography.
DRTdevice readiness test.
DRTdevice-related thrombosis.
DRTdexamethasone-resistant thymocytes.
DRTDiagnostic-Rhyme Test.
DRTdichotic rhyme task.
DRTDiet Readiness Test.
DRTdiffraction Radon transform.
DRTdiffuse rhythmic theta (waves).
drtdiffusional response time.
DRTdigestion-related thermogenesis.
DRTdiscriminative reaction time.
DRTdiscriminative response task.
DRTdisjunctive reaction time.
DRTDNA-damage-repair/toleration activities.
DRTdopamine replacement therapy.
DRtdorsal reticular nucleus.
DRTdorsal root terminals.
DRTdorsal roots.
DRTDrug resistant typhoid fever.
DRTdynamic regional thresholding.
dRT-PCRdifferential RT-PCR.
DRUDPDivision of Reproductive and Urologic Drug Products.
DRUJdistal radioulnar joint.
DRULdistal radioulnar ligaments.
DSdiagnostic sensitivity.
DSDurie-Salmon stage.
DSAdefibrillation systems analyser.
DSAdigital substraction angiography.
DSAdigital subtraction angiography.
DSCdifferential scanning calorimetry.
DSCADefense Security Cooperation Agency.
DSDdischarge summary dictated.
DSDdry sterile dressing.
DSEdisposable smoke evacuator.
DSGdry sterile gauze.
DSHdomestic shorthaired cat.
DSHEADietary Supplement Health and Education Act.
DSK-TNMDeutschsprachiges TNM-Komitee.
DSMDiagnostic and Statistical Manual.
DSPdecreased sensory perception.
D-spinedorsal spine (thoracic spine).
DSRDahl salt-resistant rats.
DSsDahl salt-sensitive.
DSSdecision support system.
DSSDejerine-Sottas Syndrome.
DSSdengue shock syndrome.
DSSDepartment of Social Services.
DSSdextrane sulfate sodium.
DSSdigit symbol subtest.
DSSdistal splenorenal shunt.
DSSdisuccinimidyl suberate.
DSSdouble simultaneous stimulation.
DSSDdrug safety and surveillance management.
DSTdexamethasone suppression test.
DSTdistal straight tubule.
DSVDeep Submergence Vehicle.
DSVdense-cored vesicles.
DSVdiameter of splenic vein.
DSVdiastolic septal velocity.
DSVdiethylamine shift value.
DSVdiffuse sclerosing variant of papillary thyroid carcinomas.
DSVdigital subtraction venacavography.
DSVdigital subtraction venography.
DSVDigitaria streak virus.
DSVDNA sequence variations.
DSVdog saphenous vein.
DSVDrosophila S virus.
DSVDual Switch Valves.
DTdate and time.
DTdate of treatment.
DTdelirium tremens.
DTdue to.
DTduration tetany.
DTPdiphtheria and tetanus toxoids with pertussis (killed, whole organism).
DTPdistal tingling on percussion (over the site of a nerve, a.k.a. Tinel's sign or Hoffman-Tinel sign).
DTPdistal tingling on percussion (Tinel's sign)
DTRdeep tendon reflex/es.
DTSdiametral tensile strength.
DUdiagnosis undetermined.
DUduodenal ulcer.
DUBdysfunctional uterine bleeding.
Dusdifferential upstream sequence.
DUSdistinctness, uniformity and stability (test for crops in UK).
DUSdivergent unilateral strabismus.
DUSDoppler ultrasound.
DUsdrug users.
DUsduodenal ulcers.
dusunknown gene tentatively designated "dus" for dut suppressor.
DV&DDiploma in Venereology and Dermatology.
dvdouble vibrations.
DVAdevelopmental venous anomaly.
DVAdistance visual acuity.
DVAduration of voluntary apnea.
DVCCDisease Vector Control Center.
DVDdissociated vertical deviation.
dVDAVP1 -deamine-4-valine-D-arginine vasopressin.
DVEduck virus enteritis.
DVHDiploma in Veterinary Hygiene.
DVHDivision for the Visually Handicapped.
DVHdose volume histogram.
DVIAV sequential (pacemaker).
DVIdeep venous insufficiency.
DVIdiastolic velocity integral.
DVIdigital vascular imaging.
DVIDoppler velocity index.
DVISdigital vascular imaging system.
DVIUdirect-vision internal urethrotomy.
DVLdeep vastus lateralis.
DVMdigital voltmeter.
DVMDoctor of Veterinary Medicine.
DVMSDoctor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery.
DVNdorsal vagal nucleus.
DVPdaunorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone.
DVPdeep vascular plexus.
DVPdefective viral particles.
DVPdiastolic peak velocity prosthetic flow.
DVPdiastolic ventricular pressure.
DVPdigital video plotter.
DVPdirect venipuncture.
DVPdistal vein patch.
DVPdistributed volume pair.
DVPdivalproex sodium.
DVPdomestic violence programs.
DVPDoppler velocity profile.
DVPdorsal vein of the penis.
DVPdraining vein pressure.
DVPventriculo-peritonial derivations.
DVRdigital vascular reactivity.
DVRDoctor of Veterinary Radiology.
DVRdouble valve replacement.
DVRdouble ventricular response.
DVSDoctor of Veterinary Science.
DVSDoctor of Veterinary Surgery.
DVScDoctor of Veterinary Science.
DVTdeep venous thrombosis.
DWdaily weight.
DWdeionized water.
DWdextrose in water.
DWdistilled water.
DWdoing well.
DWdry weight.
dwdwarf (mouse).
DWAdied from wounds by the action of the enemy.
DWDdied with disease.
DWDLdiffuse well-differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma.
DWIdriving while impaired; driving while intoxicated.
DWMDandy-Walker malformation.
DWRdelayed word recall.
DWSDandy-Walker syndrome.
DWSdisaster warning system.
DWTdichotic word test.
DWTdiscrete wave transform.
DWWdiabetic white women.
Dxdx, diagnosis.
DXAdual energy X-ray absorptiometry.
DXPdigital x-ray prototype.
DxPLAINMassachusetts General Hospital's expert diagnostic system.
DXPNETDigital X-Ray Prototype Network.
DXRdeep x-ray.
DXRTdeep x-ray therapy.
DXTdeep x-ray therapy.
dXTPdeoxyxanthine triphosphate.
DYdense parenchyma.
dydystrophia muscularis (mouse).
dyndynamic; dynamometer; dyne.
dZimpedance change.
DZMdorsal zone of membranelle.
DU-24avian cell line.
DUS-3avian rho0 cell line.
DSVdithranol-2% salicylic acid-white soft vaseline.
D5%DWdextrose 5% in distilled water
D5%NSdextrose 5% in normal saline
D5LRdextrose 5% with lactated ringers
D5W5% dextrose in water.
D1OW10% aqueous dextrose solution.
DLTdose limiting toxicity - determined by phase 1 studies.
DMT1divalent metal transporter 1.
3DCTthree dimensional (surface) CAT scan reconstruction images.
3D-MRAthree-dimensional magnetic resonance angiography.
DM2myotonic dystrophy gene 2 (linked to chromosome 3q).
DTSSP3,3'-dithiobis(succinimidyl propionate).
DMPKdystrophia myotonica-protein kinase (gene on chromosome 19q).
E (398 abbreviations)
4Efour-plus edema.
E coliEscherichia coli.
E&Aevaluate and advise.
E*lesion on the erythrocyte cell membrane at the site of complement fixation.
Eair dose.
Eaverage beta energy.
ebase of natural logarithms, approximately 2.7182818285; egg transfer; ejection; electric charge; electron; elementary charge; exchange.
Ecortisone (compound E).
Eelectric charge.
Eelectric field vector.
Eelectrode potential.
Eelectromotive force.
Eendangered (animal).
Eexpectancy (wave).
Eexpected frequency in a cell of a contingency table.
Eexperiment, experimenter.
Eexpired air.
Eextract, extracted, extraction.
Eextraction fraction.
Eglutamic acid.
Einternal energy.
Einvolvement of a single extranodal site (in Hodgkin lymphoma).
Ekinetic energy.
Emathematical expectation.
enegative electron.
Eredox potential.
Estereodescriptor to indicate the configuration at a double bond (Ger. entgegen opposite).
Eunit (Ger. Einheit)..
E/Aemergency admission.
E/G ratioratio of erythroid to granulocytic precursors.
E0electric affinity.
E0standard electrode potential.
EAearly antigen (in EBV-IM).
EAeducational age.
EAegg albumin.
EAelectric affinity.
EAelectrical activity.
EAelectroanes thesia.
EAelectropbysiological abnormality.
EAembryonic antibody.
EAendocardio graphic amplifier.
EAEndometriosis Association.
EAendurance athletes.
EAenteral alimentation.
EAentero anastomosis.
EAenzymatically active.
EAerythrocyte antibody.
EAerythrocyte antiserum.
EAesophageal atresia.
EAethacrynic acid..
Eakinetic energy of alpha particles.
EAAelectroacupuncture analgesia.
EAAEpilepsy Association of America.
EAAessential amino acid.
EAAex trinsic allergic alveolitis.
EAAexcitatory amino acid.
EAACexcitatory amino acid carrier.
EABelective abortion; Ethics Advisory Board.
EABVeffective arterial blood volume.
EACEhrlich ascites carcinoma.
EACepithelioma adenoides cysticum.
EACerythema annulare centrifugum.
EACerythrocyte, antibody, complement.
EACexternal auditory canal.
EACAepsilon-aminocaproic acid.
EACDeczematous allergic contact dermatitis.
EACHessential access community hospital.
EACREuropean Association for Cancer Research.
EACsendocrine-active chemicals.
EADearly afterdepolarization; extracranial arterial disease.
EA-Dearly antigen, diffuse.
E-ADDepileptic attentional deficit disorder.
EADSearly amnion deficit spectrum or syndrome.
EAEexperimental allergic encephalomyelitis; experimental autoimmune encephalitis.
EAHPEuropean Association for Hematopathology.
EANexperimental allergic (autoimmune) neuritis).
EANOEuropean Association for NeuroOncology.
EASemergent abdominal sonography.
EBepidermolysis bulosa.
EBAepidermolysis bullosa acquisita.
EBCTelectron-beam computed tomography.
EBLenzootic bovine leucosis.
EBLestimated blood loss.
EBMevidence-based medicine.
EBMTEuropean Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
EBNEndemic Balkan nephropathy.
EBNAEpstein-Barr nuclear antigen.
EBVEpstein-Barr virus.
EBV-IMEpstein-BArr virus infectious mononucleosis.
ECEnzyme Commission of the International Union of Biochemistry.
Eca 109human esophageal epithelial cancer cell line.
ECAEchocontrast agents.
ECAecternal/extracranial carotid artery.
ECAelectrical control activity.
ECAendometrial cryoablation.
ECAenterobacterial common antigen.
ECAEpidemiological Catchment Area.
EcaErwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (a phytopathogen).
ECAexternal carotid artery.
ECAextra-cardiac structural or karyotypic anomalies.
ECBO virusenteric cytopathogenic bovine orphan virus.
ECCearly childhood caries.
ECCendocervical cell collector.
ECCextracorporeal circulation.
ECCEextracapsular cataract extraction.
ECFextended care facility.
ECFextracellular fluid.
ECFVextracellular fluid volume.
ECGelectrocardiogram (also EKG).
ECHenoyl CoA hydratase.
ECMextracellular matrix.
ECMOextracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
ECOMOGEconomic Community of West African Monitoring Group.
EcoRIrestriction enzyme from Escherichia coli RY 13.
ECOWASEconomic Community of West African States.
ECRBextensor carpi radialis brevis.
ECRLextensor carpi radialis longus.
ECTelectroconvulsive therapy.
ECTRendoscopic carpal tunnel release.
ECUextensor carpi ulnaris.
ECWSsendoluminal colonic wall stents.
EDemergency department.
EDextradomain (the type III unit of fibronectin).
EDAExcess Defense Articles.
EDACearly detection of alcohol consumption.
EDCestimated or expected date of confinement.
EDCextensor digitorum communis.
EDDIEducation for Development and Democracy Initiative.
EDIelectronic data interchange.
EDIRemergency drug identification record.
EDLextensor digitorum longus.
EDMextensor digitis minimi.
EDMRelectrically detected magnetic resonance.
EDRFendothelium-derived relaxing factor.
EDSEhlers-Danlos syndrome.
EDSexternal defibrillation system.
EDSTACEndocrine-Disrupter Screening and Testing Advisory Committee.
EDTAethylenediaminetetraacetic acid.
EDVend diastolic velocity.
EEenergy expenditure.
EEethinyl estradiol.
EENTear, eye, nose and throat.
EESEthicon Endo-Surgery.
EEXOTHellenic Orthopaedic Association.
EF(peptide) elongation factor.
EFectopic focus.
EFedema factor.
EFejection fraction.
EFelastic fibril.
EFelectric field.
EFelongation factor.
EFembryo fibroblast.
EFemergency facility.
EFencephalitogenic factor..
EFendothoracic fascia.
EFendurance factor.
EFeosinophilic fasciitis.
EFepithelial focus.
EFequivalent focus.
EFerythroblastosis fetalis.
EFerythrocyte fragmentation.
EFexposure factor.
EFextended field.
EFextrinisic factor.
EF-2initiation factor in the translational step of viral replication.
EFAessential fatty acids.
EFFASEuropean Foot and Ankle National Societies.
EFFOEuropean Foundation for Osteoporosis and Bone Disease.
EF-Gelongation factor G.
EFORTEuropean Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology.
EFSevent free survival - time from diagnosis to defined events (e.g. relapse or death).
EGAerror grid analysis.
EGAestimated gestational age.
EGCsearly gastric carcinomas.
EGDSesophagogastric devascularization with splenectomy.
EGEeosinophilic gastroenteritis.
EGFepidermal growth factor.
EGFPenhanced green fluorescent protein.
EGSethylene glycol bis succinimidyl succinate.
EHBAextrahepatic biliary atresia.
EHBPextrahepatic biliary passages.
EHECenterohemorrhagic Escherichia Coli.
EHLextensor hallucis longus.
EHSEuropean Hip Society.
EICendometrial intraepithelial carcinogenesis.
EICextensive intraductal component.
EICESSEuropean Intergroup Ewing's Sarcoma Study.
EIN3ethylene-insensitive3 (is a transcription factor that works in the ethylene signaling pathway in Arabidopsis).
EJelbow jerk.
EJCEuropean Journal of Cancer.
EJHSElectronic Journal of Hand Surgery.
EJOElectronic Journal of Orthopaedics.
EJSElectronic Journal of Surgery and Specialistic Medicine.
EKGelectrocardiogram (also ECG).
ELendoscopic ligation.
ELAM-1E-selectin adhesion molecule (on endothelial cells).
ELISAenzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
ELOSestimated lenght of stay.
EMelectron microscope, emmetropia.
EMBeosin methylene blue agar.
EMCelectromagnetic compatibility.
EMCAPWorld Bank's Economic Management Capacity Project.
EMDREye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing.
EMEAEuropean Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products.
EMGelectromyogram, electromyography.
EMHextramedullary hematopoiesis.
EMMepithelial malignant mesotheliomas.
EMPEmbden-Meyerhof pathway.
EMRElectronic Medical Records.
EMSelectrical muscle stimulation.
EMSemergency medical service.
EMSTEmergency Management of Severe Trauma.
EMTemergency medical technician.
EMTALAEmergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act.
EMUOearly morning urine osmolality (evaluating urine concentration).
Endendothelial cells.
ENIBureau for Europe and the New Independent States .
ENSGEuropean Neuroblastoma Study Group.
ENTear, nose, and throat.
EOAEastern Orthopaedic Association.
EOAEgyptian Orthopaedic Association.
EOIEuropean Osteosarcoma Intergroup.
EOMextraocular movements.
EOMIextraocular movements intact.
EORSEuropean Orthopaedics Research Society.
EORTCEuropean Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer.
Eoseosin, eosinophil.
EPectopic pregnancy.
EPemergency physician.
EPendogenous pyrogens.
EPEuropean Pharmacopoeia.
EPAEnvironmental Protection Agency; controls the use of pesticides and monitors water pollution in general.
EPBextensor pollicis brevis.
EPCegg phosphatidylcholine.
EPDMethylene propylene diene rubber.
EPECenteropathogenic Escherichia coli.
Epiepithelial cells.
EPLextensor pollicis longus.
EPOCexcess post-exercise oxygen consumption.
EPOSEuropean Pediatric Orthopaedic Society.
EPSexophtalmos-producing substance.
EPSextrapyramidal symptoms.
EPSDEarly Periodic Screening Detection.
EPSPexcitatory postsynaptic potential.
EPSPS5-enolpyruvylshikamate-3-phosphate synthetase.
EPUepidermal proliferative unit.
EPVEpstein-Barr virus.
ERemergency room.
ERendoplasmic reticulum.
ERexternal rotation.
ERAelectrical response activity.
ERAestradiol receptor assay.
ERAevoked response audiometry.
ERADendoplasmic-reticulum-associated degradation.
ERCPendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
EREexternal rotation in extension.
ERFexternal rotation in flexion.
ERPeffective refractory period.
ERTempathy response task.
ERTendurance run test.
ERTenzyme replacement therapy.
ERTestrogen replacement therapy.
ERTexternal radiation therapy.
ESelectrical stimulation.
ESendoscopic sclerotherapy.
ESenzymatic spectrometric method.
ESenzyme-substrate complex.
ESAFEnhanced Structural Adjustment Facility.
ESBEuropean Society of Biomechanics.
ESD Dus 2a new rare allele for esterase D (ESD) described in a family from Dusseldorf.
ESDesterase D.
ESDSEuropean Spinal Deformities Society.
ESFEconomic Support Fund.
ESFEuropean Science Foundation.
ESFASEuropean Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.
ESIelectrospray ionization.
ESIepidural steroid injection.
ESIEuropean Surgical Institute.
ESOEuropean School of Oncology
EspAE. coli secreted protein A.
EspBE. coli secreted protein B.
EspDE. coli secreted protein D.
ESPDelectrosensitive protective device.
ESPDendogenous digoxin-like substance.
ESPGHANEuropean Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition.
ESRelectron spin resonance.
ESRerythrocyte sedimentation rate.
ESRDend stage renal disease.
ESRFend stage renal failure.
ESSendometrial stromal sarcoma.
ESSEuropean Spine Society.
ESSKAEuropean Society for Sports Medicine, Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy.
ESTelectroshock therapy.
ESTestrogen sulfotransferases.
ESTexpressed sequence tag.
ESTROEuropean Society for Therapeutic Radiation and Oncology.
ESWLextracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
ETejection time.
ETessential thrombocythemia.
ETeustachian tube(s).
ETexercise training.
ETAestimated time of arrival.
ETCO2end tidal CO2.
ETDestimated time of departure.
ETFeustachian tube function.
ETIendotracheal intubation.
EtOethylene oxyde.
ETOHethanol - alcohol
ETSenvironmental tobacco smoke.
ETTendotracheal tube.
ETTexercise tolerance test.
EUEuropean Union.
EUAexamination under anesthesia.
EU-NRLsEuropean Union National Reference Laboratories.
EUSendoscopic ultrasound.
EVAeconomic value added.
EVAelectric vacuum aspiration.
EVALethylene-vinyl alcohol.
EVHenabled/VASP homology.
EVHendoscopic vein harvest.
EVHesophageal variceal hemorrhage.
EVHeucapnic voluntary hyperventilation.
EXexacerbate; examination; excision.
EXCexcellent; except; exchange; excision.
EXPexpand; explain.
ExTexfoliating toxin.
EXTextend; external; extremity
F (255 abbreviations)
F & Eflexion & extension.
F(hor)horizontal ground reaction force.
FFahrenheit degrees.
f.b.foreign body history.
F/Hfamily history.
F/Ifever due to infection.
F7factor VII gene on chromosome 13q34-qter.
FAfailed appointment.
FAFanconi's anemia.
FAAFederal Aviation Agency .
FAANFederal Airport Authority of Nigeria.
Faap(s)fatty acid activation protein(s).
FAAPF-actin image analysis program.
FAAPFellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
FAAPfree amino acid pool.
FAAPfunctional activity of plasminogen activators in plasma.
FAAUfunctional activity of plasminogen activators in urine.
FABFrench American and British classification scheme for leukemia.
FABEREflexion, abduction, external rotation and extension.
FABPfatty acid binding protein.
FACCFellow of the American College of Cardiology.
FACES-IIFamily Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales, Version II.
FACFASFellow of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.
FACOGFellow Of The American College Of Obstetrics And Gynecology.
FACOIFellow of the American College of Osteopathic Internists.
FACPFellow of the American College Of Physicians.
FACSFellow of the American College Of Surgeons.
FACSfluorescence-activated cell sorter.
F-actinfilamentous actin.
FACUFederal Agricultural Coordinating Unit.
FADflavin adenine dinucleotide.
FADIRflexion, adduction and internal rotation.
FADIREflexion, adduction, internal rotation and extension.
FAIFoot and Ankle International (Journal).
FALTfollicle-associated lymphoid tissue.
FAMSfunctional assessment of multiple sclerosis.
FANAfluorescent antinuclear antibody test (see also ANA).
FAOUnited Nations Food and Agricultural Organization.
FAOPFlorida Association of Orthotists and Prosthetists.
FAPfamilial adenomatous polyposis.
FAQ frequently asked questions.
FAS/ITPForeign Agriculture Service/International Trade Policy.
FASIGFoot and Ankle Special Interest Group.
FAWCFarm Animal Welfare Concil (UK).
FBFb, fingerbreadth.
FBforeign body.
FBCfull blood count.
FBDFamilial British dementia.
FBDfeather and beak disease (a bird disease).
FBDfibrin binding domain.
FBDfibrocystic breast disease
FBDFlow-BOLD (blood oxygenation level-dependent) -Dependence.
FBDfood-borne diseases.
FBDforearm bone density.
FBDfunctional bowel disorder/distress.
FBDfunctional breathing disorder.
FBIFederal Bureau of Investigations.
F-BKPfemoral-below-knee-popliteal bypasses.
FBPfiltered back-projection.
FBSfasting blood sugar.
FBSFinnish Bone Society (EFFO Member Society).
FCfinger counting.
FCAfracture, complete, angulated.
FCAPMformal college approved postgraduate meeting.
FCCFederal Communications Commission.
FCCfracture, complete, comminuted; fracture, compound, comminuted.
FCCCfracture, complete, comminuted, compound.
FCCPFellow of the American College Of Chest Physicians.
FCDfracture, complete, deviated.
FCEfood conversion efficiency.
FCIflow cytometric immunophenotyping.
FCMflow cytometry.
FCMCfamily-centered maternity care.
FCOVDFellow of the College of Optometrists in Vision Development.
FCRflexor carpi radialis.
FCSfetal calf serum.
FCTFederal Capitol Territory.
FCUflexor carpi ulnaris.
FDfamilial dysautonomia.
FDAFood and Drug Administration (US).
FDA-BAMFood & Drug Administration-Bacteriological Analytical Manual.
FDCfollicular dendritic cells.
FDIfirst dorsal interosseus (muscle of the hand).
FDIMfluorescence digital imaging microscopy.
FDIOfirst dorsal interosseous (muscle).
FDMAfirst dorsal metacarpal artery.
Fd-MIVFriend derived murine immunosuppressive virus.
FDPfibrin degradation products.
FDPflexor digitorum profundus.
FDSflexor digitorum superficialis.
FDVFour dimensional visualization.
FEAfocal epileptic activity.
FECGfetal electrocardiogram.
FECSFederation of European Cancer Societies.
FEFforced expiratory flow.
FEKGfetal electrocardiogram.
FELfamilial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.
FeLVfeline leukemia virus.
FeNafractional excretion of sodium: (UNa x PCr/PNa x UCr) x 100; <1 in prerenal azotemia and 1 in intrinsic renal azotemia.
FEPfree erythrocyte protoporphyrin.
FERflexion, extension, rotation.
FERCFederal Energy Regulatory Commission.
FESfunctional electric stimulation (Cleveland FES Center).
FESfunctional electrical stimulation.
FESfunctional endoscopic sinus.
FES-LCEfunctional electrical stimulation (FES)-induced leg cycle ergometer (LCE).
FESSHFederation of the European Societies for Surgery of the Hand.
FEVforced expiratory volume.
FEV1forced expiratory volume in one second.
FFforward flexion.
Fffree fraction.
FFAfor further appointment.
FFDfree from disability.
FFMFive-Factor Model of personality.
FFROMfull, free range of motion.
FFSfailure-free survival.
FFSFive-Factors Score (a prognostic scoring systems).
FFTforward flexion: fingertips to toes.
FGFfibroblast growth factor.
FHfamily history.
FHfollicular hyperplasia.
FHLHfamilial histiocytic lymphohistiocytosis.
FHRfetal heart rate.
FHSfetal heart sounds.
FHTfetal heart tones.
FIDflame ionization detectors (chromatography).
FIGOInternational Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Federation Internationale de Gynecologie et d'Obstetrique).
FIMSFederation Internationale de Medecine Sportive (International Federation of Sports Medicine).
FINCENFinancial Center.
FiO2fraction of inspired oxygen.
FISHfluorescence in situ hybridization.
FITFracture Intervention Trial.
FITCfluorescein isothiocyanate.
FIXfixed arm support.
FJRMfull joint range of motion.
FLfollicular lymphoma.
FLfully lactating.
FLDfrontal lobe dementia.
Fli1Friend leukemia integration 1 gene.
FL-LCfollicular lymphoma large cell.
FL-Mfollicular lymphoma mixed small cleaved and large.
FL-SCfollicular lymphoma small cleaved.
FMDfamily medical doctor.
FMDfoot and mounth disease.
FMFForeign Military Funding.
FMHfetal-maternal hemorrhage.
FMR-1fragile X mental retardation 1 gene.
FMRPfragile X mental retardation protein(s).
FMSfibromyalgia syndrome.
FMSIFederazione Medico Sportiva Italiana (Federation of Italian Sports Medicine) (ItalianMedSport).
FNAfine needle aspiration.
FNABfine-needle aspiration biopsy.
FNHfocal nodular hyperplasia.
FNPfamily nurse practitioner
FOfecal output.
FOBTfecal occult blood testing.
FOCflight of colors test.
FOPfibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva.
FOREFoundation for Osteoporosis Research and Education.
FOSFinnish Osteoporosis Society (EFFO Member Society).
FOSfull of stool/constipated.
FOSAFederation of Spine Associations (AAOS Specialty Societies).
FOSITFosamax International Trial.
FPfluticasone propionate.
FPAfibrinopeptide A.
FPBfibrinopeptide B.
FPBflexor pollicis brevis.
FPDfibrin(ogen) degradation products.
FPIAfluorescence polarization immunoassay.
FPLflexor pollicis longus.
FPLfunctional profile length.
FPMfull passive movements.
FPMAFlorida Podiatric Medical Association.
FPTfarnesyl protein transferase.
FRfrequency of respiration.
FRfull range.
FRBBfracture of both bones.
FRCfibroblastic reticulum cells.
FRCfunctional residual capacity.
FRCP(C)Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Canada.
FRCPFellow of the Royal College of Physicians.
FRCSIFellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.
FRJMfull range of joint movement.
FROMfull range of motion, full range of movement.
FSfrozen section.
FSBFormosan Society of Biomechanics.
FSCforward angle light scatter (flow cytometry term).
FSCfracture, simple comminuted.
FSCAIFellow of the Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions.
FSCCfracture, simple, complete, comminuted.
FSCCLfollicular small cleaved cell lymphomas.
FSCPCfast-setting calcium phosphate cement.
FSDfunctional sensory deficit.
FSGSfocal and segmental glomerulosclerosis.
FSHfollicle stimulating hormone.
FSNForeign Service National.
FSOsfamily members and significant others.
FSSfrozen shoulder syndrome.
ftFoot, feet, (measure).
FTlow-molecular polypeptide factors of thymus.
FT4free thyroxin.
FT4Ifree thyroxin (T4) index.
FTA-ABSfluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test.
FTDfrontotemporal dementia.
FTIfarnesyl transferase inhibitor.
FTIfree thyroxin index.
FT-IRFourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.
FTIRFourier Transform Infrared.
FTKAfailed to keep appointment.
FTNDfull term normal delivery.
FTNMThe French TNM Group.
FTRfast-twitch red (skeletal muscle).
FTSGfull thickness skin graft.
FTTfailure to thrive.
FTWfast-twitch white (skeletal muscle).
FTWfat weight.
FTWfirst time wheezing.
FTYfat yield.
FU(5-)5-fluorouracil (treatment regimen).
FUBARFowled Up Beyond All Recognition.
FUOfever of undetermined (or unknown) origin.
FVCforced vital capacity.
FVIIfactor VII.
FVIIaactivated factor VII.
FVIIAgfactor VII antigen.
FVIIcfactor VII coagulant activity.
FWBfull weight bearing.
FXFx, fracture.
FXBBfracture of both bones.
FXSfragile X syndrome.
FYfiscal year.
FYIfor your information.
G (354 abbreviations)
3':5'-GMPguanosine 3':5'-cyclic phosphate.
3-GPA3-guanidinopropionic acid.
αD-GPAalpha-D-glucose pentaacetate.
G&Ogas and oxygen.
g, gmgram.
Ghistopathological grading.
g/mlgrams per milliliter.
G3PG-3-P, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate.
G3PDglucose-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.
G6PG-6-P, glucose-6-phosphate.
G6PaseG-6-Pase glucose-6-phosphatase.
G6PDG-6-PD, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.
GAgastric analysis; general appearance.
GAgeneral anaesthetic/anesthesia.
GAgestational age.
GAgranulocyte agglutination assay.
GA/BW16 gestational age/birthweight categories.
GAAguanine-adenine-adenine codon for glutamic acid.
GACguanine-adenine-cytosine codon for aspartic acid.
GADgeneralized anxiety disorder.
GAF scoreglobal assessment of functioning.
GAGguanine-adenine-guanine codon for glutamic acid.
GALOP (syndrome)Gait disorder, Autoantibody, Late-age, Onset, Polyneuropathy.
GAMCGeneral Assistance Medical Care.
GAP-43growth-associated protein-43.
GAUguanine-adenine-uracil codon for aspartic acid.
GBDgallbladder disease.
GBEFgallbladder ejection fraction.
GBMglomerular basement membrane.
GBSgallbladder series.
GBSGuillian-Barre syndrome.
GCgas chromatography.
GCgeneral condition.
GCgerminal center.
GCgonococcal; gonococcus.
GC/MSgas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
GCAgiant cell arteritis.
GCAguanine-cytosine-adenine codon for alanine.
GCCguanine-cytosine-cytosine codon for alanine.
GCDFP-15gross cystic disease fluid protein 15.
GCGguanine-cytosine-guanine codon for alanine.
GCNSTgranular cell nerve sheath tumor.
GCPGood Clinical Practice (guidelines).
GCRPgood clinical research practice.
GCSGlasgow Coma Scale.
G-CSFgranulocyte colony stimulating factor promotes production of white blood cells.
GCTgerm cell tumor.
GCUguanine-cytosine-uracil codon for alanine.
GDgastroparesis diabeticorum.
G-DAPGeriatric Draw-A-Person
GDMgestational diabetes mellitus.
GDPGross Domestic Product.
GEgradient echo (MRI).
Gedend-diastolic conductances.
GEDgas electron diffraction.
GEDgastric emptying duration.
GEDgastric epithelial dysplasia.
GEDgeneral emergency department.
GEDgeneral equivalency diploma.
GEDgeneralised exfoliative dermatitis.
GEDgeneralized epileptiform discharges.
GEDGln-enriched diet.
GEDglutamic acid diethyl ester.
GEDGraves' eye disease.
GEDGTPase effector domain.
Gedleft ventricle centers of gravity at end-diastole.
GED-ELISAgel electrophoresis-derived enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
GEDsGlycosphingolipid-enriched domains.
GERDgastroesophageal reflux disease.
Gesend-systolic conductances.
GFAPglial fibrillary acidic protein.
GFPgreen fluorescent protein.
GFRglomerular filtration rate.
GFWGuizhi-Fuling-Wan (prescription of Traditional Chinese Medicine for liver disease).
GGgamma globulin.
GGAguanine-guanine-adenine codon for glycine.
GGCguanine-guanine-cytosine codon for glycine.
GGFglial growth factor.
GGGguanine-guanine-guanine codon for glycine.
GGUguanine-guanine-uracil codon for glycine.
GHgeneral health.
GHgrowth hormone (somatotropin).
GHBPgrowth hormone binding protein.
GHDgrowth hormone deficiency.
GHRFgrowth hormone releasing factor.
GHSGGerman Hodgkin Lymphoma Study Group.
GHTgeniculo-hypothalamic tract.
GHTgrowth hormone therapy.
GI[gaster (Greek)] gastrointestinal.
GICglass ionomer cement.
GICDGroupe Internationale Cotrel Dubousset.
GIFgranulocyte immunofluorescence assay.
GIHgastrointestinal hormone.
GINglucose/nitrogen ratio.
GINSglucose in normal saline (solution).
GIPgastric inhibitory peptide.
GIPgiant cell interstitial pneumonia.
GIPglucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide.
GIPgonorrheal invasive peritonitis.
GISGlobal Information System.
GLCgas-liquid chromatography.
GLPgood laboratory practice.
Gluglutamic acid.
GLUglutamic acid.
GLUDglutamate dehydrogenase.
GLUDPglutamate dehydrogenase pseudogene.
GLULglutamate (ammonia) ligase.
GLURglutamate receptor.
GLUTglucose transporter.
GLVgibbon ape leukemia virus.
GLVGross leukemia virus.
GLVRgibbon ape leukemia virus receptor.
GLYgly, glycine.
GM&Sgeneral medicine and surgery.
Gman allotype marker on the heavy chains of immunoglobins.
gmcal gram calorie.
GMgastric mucosa.
GMGeiger-Muller (counter).
G-MGeiger-Muller (counter).
GMgeneral medicine.
GMgenetic manipulation.
GMgeometric mean.
GMgiant melanosome.
gmGM, gram.
GMgrand mal (epilepsy).
GMgrand multiparity.
GMgray matter.
GMgross motor.
GMgrowth medium.
gm. neg.gram negative.
gm/ccgrams per cubic centimeter.
gm/lgrams per liter.
GMAglyceral methacrylate.
GMAgross motor activity.
GMBgastric mucosal barrier.
GMBgranulomembranous body.
GMBFgastric mucosa blood flow.
GMCgeneral medical clinic.
GMCgeneral medical council.
GMCgiant migratory contraction.
GMCgrivet monkey cell.
GMCDgrand mal convulsive disorder.
GM-CFUgranulocyte~macrophage colony forming unit.
GM-CSFgranulocyte and macrophage colony stimulating factor.
GMDgeometric mean diameter.
GMDglycopeptide moiety modified derivative.
GMEgraduate medical education.
GMENACGraduate Medical Education National Advisory Committee.
GMHgerminal matrix hemorrhage.
GMKgreen monkey kidney (cells).
GMLgut mucosa lymphocyte.
GMNgradient moment nulling.
GMPglucose monophosphate.
GMPgood manufacturing practice.
GMPgranule membrane protein.
GMPguanosine monophosphate.
GMPRguanine monophosphate reductase.
GMPsGDP-mannose pyrophosphorylases.
GMRgallops, murmurs, rubs.
GMRgradient motion rephasing.
GMRHgerminal matrix related hemorrhage.
GMRIgated magnetic resonance imaging.
GMSGeneral Medical Service.
GMSgeriatric mental state.
GMSGilbert-Meulengracht syndrome.
GMSglyceryl monostearate.
GMSGomori methenamine silver stain.
GMSgoniodysgenesis-menta1 retardation-short stature (syndrome).
GMSCGeneral Medical Services Committee.
GMTgeometric mean titer.
GMTgingival margin trimmer.
GMVgram molecular volume.
GMWgram molecular weight.
GNgaze nystagmus.
GNglucose nitrogen (ratio).
GNgraduate nurse.
GNguanine nucleotide.
GNAgeneral nursing assistance.
GNATguanine nucleotide-binding protein, alpha-transducing.
GNAZguanosine nucleotide-binding alpha Z polypeptide.
GNBgram-negative bacillus.
GNBguanine nucleotide-binding (protein).
GNBMgram-negative bacillary meningitis.
GNBTguanine nucleotide-binding protein, beta transducing.
GNCgeneral nursing care.
GNCGeneral Nursing Council.
GNCgeriatric nurse clinician.
GNDGram-negative diplococci.
GNIDgram-negative intracellular diplococci.
GNPgeriatric nurse practitioner.
GNPgerontologic nurse practitioner.
GNPGross National Product .
GNRgram-negative rods.
GnRFgonadotropin-releasing factor.
GnRHgonadotropin-releasing hormone.
GnRHRgonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor.
GNTPGraduate Nurse Transition Program.
GOgeroderma osteodysplastica.
GOglucose oxidase.
GOAgeneralized osteoarthritis.
GOATGalveston Orientation and Amnesia Test.
GOBABgamma-hydroxy-beta-aminobutyric acid.
GOEgas, oxygen, and ether.
GOGGynecologic Oncology Group.
GOHgemderma osteodysplastica hereditaria.
GOKGod only knows (the diagnosis).
GOMERGet Out of My Examination Room.
GOMERGrand Old Man of the Emergency Room.
GONgonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum.
GONGovernment of Nigeria.
GONDglaucomatous optic nerve damage.
GOQglucose oxidation quotient.
GORgastroesophageal reflux.
GORgeneral operating room.
GOSGlasgow outcome score.
GOTaspartate aminotransferase.
GOTglucose oxidase test.
GOTglutamate oxaloacetate transaminase.
GOTgoal of treatment.
GOTMglutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, mitochondrial.
GOXglyphosate oxydoreductase.
GPgangliocytic paraganglioma.
GPgastric pneumatosis.
gpgene product.
GPgeneral paralysis, general paresis.
GPgeneral physic.
GPgeneral practice, general practitioner.
GPgenetic prediabetes.
GPgeometric progression.
GPglobus pallidus.
GPglucose phosphate.
GPglutathione peroxidase.
GPglycogen phosphorylase.
GPGoodpasture syndrome.
GPgram positive.
GPgross product.
GPguinea pig.
GPgutta percha.
Gpparallel conductance.
gp46viral protein specific to HIV virus.
GPA(3-)3-guanidinopropionic acid.
GPA(α-D)alpha-D-glucose pentaacetate.
GPAGoodpasture antigen.
GPAgrade point average.
GPAGroup Practice Association.
GPAgrowth-promoting activity.
GPAguinea pig albumin.
Gpathe phosphorylated high-activity form of glycogen phosphorylase (GP).
GPAISguinea pig anti-insulin serum.
GPBglossopharyngeal breathing.
GPBglycophorin B.
GPbthe dephosphorylated low-activity form of glycogen phosphorylase (GP).
GPCgastric parietal cell.
GPCgel permeation chromatography.
GPCgiant papillary conjunctivitis.
GPCglycophorin C.
GPCgranular progenitor cell.
GPCguinea pig complement.
GPCIgeographic practice cost index.
GPDglucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.
GPDglycerol-phosphate dehydrogenase.
GPIglycophosphatidilinositol (anchor surface protein deficient in PNH).
GPOHGesellschaft fur Padiatrische Onkologie und Hamatologie (German Paed. Onc Group).
GPPgood pharmacy practices.
GPRgood partial remission.
GPTglutamic pyruvic transaminase.
GPxglucathione peroxydase.
GRgastric resection; great, greater; gross, grossly; group.
GRglutathione reductase.
GRAILGene Recognition and Analysis Internet Link.
GRAVGrav., gravida, a pregnant woman.
GREgradient echo.
GRHgrowth hormone-releasing hormone (somatocrinin).
GRIDgay-related immunodeficiency.
GRMgallop, rub, murmur.
GSglycogen synthase.
GSCgas-solid chromatography.
GSHreduced glutathione.
GSMgrams per square meter.
GSSGerstmann-Strussler syndrome.
GSSglucose-saline solution.
GSSGruppo di Studio della Scoliosi e delle Patologie Vertebrali.
GSSGoxidized glutathione.
GST-Pglutathione S-transferase P form.
GSWgun shot wound.
GTgait training.
gtgtt, drop, drops.
GTDgestational trophoblastic disease.
GTTglucose tolerance test.
Gttsdrops per minute.
G-typegastric type.
GU(genitalis) genitourinary.
GUgastric ulcer.
GUAguanine-uracil-adenine codon for valine.
GUCguanine-uracil-cytosine codon for valine.
GUGguanine-uracil-guanine codon for valine.
Guppyingthe complete exterior and interior alteration that most World War II boats experienced after the war.
GUUguanine-uracil-uracil codon for valine.
GvHDgraft versus host disease.
GVHRgraft vs. host reaction.
GWgigaohm (one billion ohms).
GXTgraded exercise test.
Gygrays (units of radiation).
GYNgyn, gynecology.
H (309 abbreviations)
12-HETE12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid.
H&Ehematoxylin and eosin stain.
H&Ehemorrhage and exudate
H&Hhematocrit and hemoglobin.
H&Phistory and physical (examination).
Hhypodermic, hydrogen.
H. fluHaemophilus influenzae.
h.p.f.high power field.
H/Oh/o, history of.
H2Shydrogen sulfide.
HAhigh anxiety.
HAhospital admission.
HA/Alhydroxyapatite coated porous alumni (ceramic).
HAAhepatitis associated antibodies.
HAARThighly active antiretroviral therapy.
HAChydroxylapatite ceramic.
HACCPHazard Analysis and Critical Control Point.
HADDhighest average daily dose.
HADSHospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.
HaeIIIrestriction enzyme from Haemophilus aegyptius.
HALhypocellular acute leukemia.
HAMhuman alveolar macrophage.
HASCVDhypertensive arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
HATHalsted aphasia test.
HATharmonic attenuation table.
HAThead, arm, trunk.
HATheparin-assosiated thrombocytopenia.
HAThepatic artery thrombosis.
HATheterophil antibody titer.
HAThigh albumin transport.
HAThistone acetyltransferase.
HAThospital arrival time.
HAThypoxanthine, aminopterin and thymidine.
HAThypoxanthine, azaserine and thymidine.
HbA1chemoglobin A1c - used for monitoring blood glucose.
HBDhas been drinking.
HBDhydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase.
HBFhepatic blood flow.
HBIGhepatitis B immune globuline.
Hbphigh blood pressure.
HBPVHemophillus influenzae type B polysaccharide vaccine.
HBSAGhepatitis B surface antigen.
HBSEHuman Behavior & Social Environment.
HBVhepatitis B virus.
HCHassal's corpuscles.
HCAhepatic cell adenomas.
HCAMurex Hybrid Capture CMV DNA assay.
HCChepatocellular carcinoma.
HCFAHealth Care Financing Administration (US).
HCGhuman chorionic gonadotropin.
HCGshyperchromatic crowded groups.
HCIIHeparin cofactor II.
HCLhairy cell leukemia.
HClhydrochloric acid, hydrochloride.
HCMhealth care maintenance.
HCMhypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
HCPShantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome.
HCTHct, hct, ht, hematocrit (also packed cell volume, see PCV).
HCThelical computed tomographic.
HCVhepatitis C virus.
HCVhog cholera virus.
HCVDhypertensive cardiovascular disease.
HDhearing distance.
HDheart disease.
HDhelper-dependent (e.g. adenoviral vectors).
HDherniated disks.
HDhigh dose.
HDHodgkin's disease (lymphoma).
HDhospital day.
HDC high dose chemotherapy (often used as HDC/BMT) /PSCT or /PSCR ," used with HDC, means with peripheral" stem cell transplant or rescue.
HDChigh-dose chemotherapy.
HDCThigh-dose chemotherapy.
HDCVhuman diploid cell vaccine.
HDFhuman diploid fibroblast.
HDLhigh density lipoprotein.
HDNhemolytic disease of the newborn.
HDPEhigh-density polyethylene.
HDSherniated disc syndrome.
HEHektoen enteric agar.
HEhereditary eliptocytosis.
HEADShome , education & employment, activities, drugs, and sexuality (special history taking technique for adolescents).
HECHemorrhagic Escherichia Coli.
HECOSHealth and Economic Consequences of Smoking.
HEDICHealthcare Electronic Data Interchange Corporation.
HEENThead, ears, eyes, nose, and throat.
HELLPhemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets syndrome.
HEMA-MMAhydroxyethyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate.
HEPhome exercise program.
HEPAhigh-efficiency particulate air/adsorption.
HER2human EGF-like receptor no. 2; short for HER2,ECD (extra cellular domain) (also called Her2/neu).
HETE'sHydroxyEicosaTetraEnoic acids.
HEV(s)high endothelial venule(s).
HFhay fever.
HFheart failure.
HFChigh frequency cells.
HFOVhigh-frequency oscillatory ventilation.
HFRThyperfractionated radiotherapy.
HFVhippocampal formation volume.
HGherpes gestationis.
HGHog Cholera.
hgbHb, HGB, hemoglobin.
HGEhuman granulocytic ehrlichiosis.
HGHhuman growth hormone.
HGMhuman gastric mucin.
HGPRThypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase.
HGSILhigh-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion.
HHhard of hearing.
HHhiatal hernia.
HhaHalobacterium halobium.
HHChereditary hemochromatosis.
HHNKhyperglycemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic.
HHVhuman herpes virus.
HHV-8human herpes virus 8.
HIhemagglutination inhibition.
Hihemiglobin (methemoglobin).
HIAA (5-)5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid.
HIBHaemophilus influenzae type B.
HibHemophillus influenzae type B conjugate vaccine.
HIBCCHealth Industry Bar Code Council.
HIDAHealth Industry Distributors Association.
HIDAhepatic iminodiacetic acid (imaging or scanning).
HIDAtetrahydroindazolone carboxylic acid.
HIERheat induced epitope retrieval.
HIFUhigh intensity focused ultrasound.
HIMHealth Information Management.
HIMAHealth Industry Manufacturers Association.
HindIIIrestriction enzyme from Haemophilus influenzae Rd.
HIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
HIPSOCHip Society (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
HITheparin induced thrombocytopenia.
HITHoltzman Inkblot Technique.
HIVhuman immunodeficiency virus.
HIV/AIDSHuman Immuno-Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
HJRhepatojugular reflux.
HKhigh molecular weight kininogen.
HKAFOhip-knee-ankle-foot orthosis.
HKCOSHong Kong College of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
HKOAHong Kong Orthopaedic Association.
HLhearing loss.
HLheart and lungs.
HLAheart, lungs, abdomen.
HLAhuman leukocyte antigen.
HL-AHuman Leukocyte Associated antigens (HL-A matching for BMT).
HLA-DRD-related human leukocyte antigen.
HLFshuman lung fibroblasts.
HLHhistiocytic lymphohistiocytosis.
HLKheart, liver, kidney.
HLVherpes like virus.
HMhand motion.
HMheart murmur.
HMDhyaline membrane disease.
HMEheat and humidity exchanger.
HMGIhigh mobility group I.
HMGR3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase.
HMOhealth maintenance organization.
HMPhexose monophosphate (oxidative shunt).
HMPhot moist packs.
HMPAOhexamethyl propyleneamine oxime.
HMSNhereditary motor and sensory neuropathies.
HMWKhigh-molecular weight kininogen.
HNPherniated nucleus pulposus.
HNPPhereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies.
HNVhas not voided.
HOheterotopic ossification.
HOhistory of.
HOhouse officer.
HOAhypertrophic osteoarthropathy.
HOBhead of bed.
HOCMhypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
HoFHhomozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia.
HOHhard of hearing.
HOMChypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
HONHealth On the Net Foundation.
HONChyperosmolar nonketotic coma.
HopH. pylori outer membrane protein.
Hor v 9group IX pollen allergen from barley (Hordeum vulgare).
HORHealth outcomes research.
HORhigh outlet resistance.
HORhigher-order repeat.
HORhoming receptor.
HORhomologue of rap.
HORhordein genes.
HORhorizontal movable arm support.
hORhuman oestrogen receptor.
hORhuman oxidoreductase.
HORhydroxysteroid oxidoreductase.
HORrehydrated Hemoccult.
Hor-1fucan sulfate isolated from the hot water extract of an edible brown alga, Sargassum horneri.
HOSHawaii Orthopaedic Society.
HOSHemoccult sensa.
HPhot pack.
HPChematopoietic progenitor cells.
HPC-PEPpeplomycin emulsion in hydroxypropylcellulosum.
HPEhistory and physical examination.
HPETEhydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid.
HPFhigh power field.
HPFHhereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin.
HPIhistory of present illness.
HPLHuman Performance Laboratory.
hPLhuman placental lactogen.
HPLChigh pressure (or performance) liquid chromatography.
HPMChydroxypropyl methylcellulose.
HPNShigh pressure neurologic syndrome.
HPPhereditary pyropoikilocytosis.
HPSAhealth professional shortage area.
HPTRhypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase.
HPVHuman Papilloma Virus.
HQoLhealth-related quality of life.
HRheart rate.
HRhigh risk.
HRhospital record.
HRDOHuman Resources Development Office.
HRFhomologous restriction factor (regulates C9).
HRIGhuman rabies immunoglobin.
HRMSHuman Resources Management Systems.
HRPhorseradish peroxidase.
HRQOLhealth-related quality of life.
HRRRheart regular rate and rhythm.
HRSHodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells.
HRThormone replacement therapy.
HS purpuraHenoch-Schönlein purpura.
hsh.s., hora somni - hours of sleep, at bedtime.
HSheart sounds.
HShereditary spherocytosis.
Hshora somni.
HSAhuman serum albumine.
hs-CRPhigh-sensitivity C-reactive protein.
HSDA testhigh solids anaerobic digestion test.
HS-GChead space gas chromatography.
HSILhigh squamous intraepithelial lesion.
HSPHenoch-Schönlein purpura.
HSSHospital for Special Surgery.
HSVherpes simplex virus.
HThospital treatment.
HTLV-Ihuman T-cell lymphotropic virus types I.
HTMTheptane carboxamide (an H1 receptor antagonist).
HTShigh throughput screening.
HUShemolytic uremic syndrome.
HUVEChuman umbilical vein endothelial cells.
HVhealthy volunteers.
HVhepatic vein.
HVherpes virus.
HVhome visit.
HVhospital visit.
HVAhomovanillic acid.
HVDhypertensive vascular disease.
HVLhalf-value layer.
HVOHealth Volunteers Overseas.
HWhealing well.
HWhemodynamically weighted.
HWIhazardous waste incinerator.
HWIHazardous Waste Index.
HWIhead-out water immersion.
HWIHeart weight index.
HWIHeart work index.
HWIheartworm infection.
HWIheight-width index.
HWIhemodynamically weighted imaging.
HWIHepatic weight index.
HWIhigh water intake.
HWIhip-waist index.
HWIhot-water irrigation (was introduced as a treatment of epistaxis more than 100 years ago).
HWLhealthy way of life.
HWLHeat-Withdrawal Latency.
HWLhindpaw withdrawal latency.
HWLhybrid white leghorn.
HWPhot wet pack.
HWTH-wave therapy.
HYHoehn and Yahr (scale).
HzHertz (cycles per second).
HZThigh zone tolerance.
HZVherpes zoster virus
I (434 abbreviations)
I&Dincision and drainage
I&Einternal and external.
I&Ointake and output (as for fluids).
I.Q.intelligence quotient
I.V.IV, intravenous
IAincurred accidentally.
IAinvasive aspergillosis.
IABPintra-aortic balloon pump
IACinfinite amplitude clipping.
IACinternal acoustic canal.
IACRInternational Agency on Cancer Research.
IADHinappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.
IADHSinappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone syndrome.
IAHLinfection-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.
IAHSinfection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome.
IAPinhibitor of apoptosis.
IAPMInternational Association of Medical Prosthesis Manufacturers.
IARCInternational Agency for Research on Cancer.
IASIndian Arthroscopy Society.
IASLCInternational Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.
IASPInternational Association for the Study of Pain.
IBCidiopathic bone cavity.
IBCidiotype binding capacity.
IBCimmunoglobulin bearing cells.
IBCincidence of bacteria-carrier.
IBCindirect bilirubin concentrations.
IBCinflammatory breast cancer.
IBCInjury Behavior Checklist.
IBCInoue balloon catheter.
IBCInstitutional Biosafety Committee.
IBCinsulin binding capacity.
IBCintegrated backscatter coefficient.
IBCIntegrated Broadband Communication.
IBCInternational BioClinical.
IBCInternational Bioethics Committee (of UNESCO)
IBCInternational Biophysics Corporation.
IBCInternational Business Communications.
IBCinterval breast cancer (breast cancer diagnosed within 1 year of a negative annual screening examination)
IBCintraductile breast cancer.
IBCinvasive bladder cancer.
IBCinvasive breast cancers.
IBCiodine binding capacity.
IBCionophore of bivalent cations.
IBCiron binding capacity.
IBCisobutyl cyanoacrylate.
IBDinflammatory bowel disease.
IBEindividual bioequivalence.
IBGiliac bone graft.
IBIDS syndromeichthyosis, brittle hair, impaired intelligence, decreased fertility, short stature.
IBMTRInternational Bone Marrow Transplant Registry.
IBSirritable bowel syndrome.
IBSEInternational Federated Body on Scoliosis Etiology.
IBWideal body weight.
ICbetween meals.
ICinspiratory capacity.
ICintensive care.
ICAimmunohistochemical assay.
ICAinternal carotid artery.
ICAMintercellular adhesion molecules.
ICAM-1intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (endothelial cell adhesion molecule).
ICAOInternational Civil Aviation Organization.
ICAREInternational Cancer Alliance for Research and Education (ICARE).
ICASSInternal Cooperative Agreement Support and Services.
ICBGiliac crest bone graft.
ICCinferior colliculus.
ICCintensive coronary care.
ICCGInternational Collaborative Cancer Group
ICCPOIcelandic Childhood Cancer Parent Organisation.
ICCPOInternational Confederation of Childhood Cancer Parent Organizations
ICCUintensive coronary care unit.
ICDimplantable-cardioverter defibrillator.
ICDInternational Statistical Classification of Disease, published by WHO.
ICDisocitrate dehydrogenase.
ICD-10International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, maintained by WHO.
ICD-9International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, online sponsor: UCD Medical Informatics.
ICD-9-CMInternational Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, clinical modification.
ICDAinternational classification of diseases, adapted.
ICD-O Mmorphologic rubric of ICD-O.
ICD-O Ttopographic rubric of ICD-O.
ICD-OInternational Classification of Diseases for Oncology (coding system).
ICEID 2000The International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases 2000.
ICERincremental cost-effectiveness ratio.
ICFinformed consent form.
ICFintensive care facility.
ICFintermediate care facility.
ICFintracellular fluid.
ICFXintracapsular fracture.
ICHhuman infantile cortical hyperostosis.
ICHInternational Conference on Harmonization (GCP).
ICMintercostal margin.
ICNintensive care nursery.
ICOEInternational Center for Orthopaedic Education (US).
ICPintracranial pressure.
ICPAInternational Chiropractic Pediatric Association.
ICRFImperial Cancer Research Fund (UK).
ICRS International Cartilage Repair Society.
ICSintercostal space.
ICSInternational Continence Society.
ICSFInternational College of Surgery of the Foot.
ICSIIntracytoplasmic sperm injection.
ICSIintracytoplasmic sperm injection.
ICTintermittent cervical traction.
ICUintensive care unit.
IDduring the day.
IDill defined.
IDineffective dose.
IDinfectious disease.
IDinternal diameter.
IDAiron deficiency anemia.
IDCinfiltrating ductal carcinoma.
IDCinterdigitating cells.
IDDinsulin dependent diabetes.
IDDinternal disc disruption.
IDDMinsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, type I.
IDETintradiscal electrothermal therapy.
IDKinternal derangement of the knee.
IDUinjection drug users.
IDWideal body weight.
IEinner ear.
IECindependant ethics committee.
IECInformation, Education, and Communication.
IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
IESSIntergroup Ewing's Sarcoma Study (USA).
IFAindirect immunofluorescent IgG antibody.
IFCInternational Finance Corporation.
IFEimmunofixation electrophoresis.
IFEBInternational Federation of Eye Banks.
IFGimpaired fasting glucose.
IFMBEInternational Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering.
IFOSAInternational Federation of Spine Associations.
IFPOSInternational Federation of Pediatric Orthopaedic Societies.
IFRinspiratory flow rate.
IFSCInternational Federation of Surgical Colleges (WHO non-governmental organizations).
IFSSHInternational Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand.
IGimmature granulocyte.
IgAimmunoglobulin A.
IgDimmunoglobulin D.
IgEimmunoglobulin E.
IGFinsulin-like growth factor (somatomedin).
IGFinsulin-like growth factor.
IGFBPinsulin-like growth factor binding protein.
IGFBP-5insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-5.
IgGimmunoglobulin G.
IGHD IBisolated growth hormone deficiency type IB.
IgMimmunoglobulin M.
IgSFIg superfamily.
IGTimpaired glucose tolerance.
IGVimmunoglobulin variable region gene.
IHinfectious hepatitis
IHinterval history.
IHAinhibition of hemagglutination.
IHCInternet Healthcare Coalition.
IHDischemic heart disease.
IHRintrinsic heart rate.
IHSInternational Hip Society.
IHSSidiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
IHTinternittent hypoxic training.
IIDinsulin dependent diabetes.
IIFindirect immunofluorescence.
IISIntergalactic Institute of Shoulderology.
IITSInternational Intradiscal Therapy Society.
ILCinterstitial laser coagulation.
ILLintermediate lymphocytic lymphoma.
ILOInternational Labor Office.
ILPisolated limb perfusion.
ILSGInternational Lymphoma Study Group.
IMinfectious mononucleosis.
IMinternal medicine.
IMBCindirect maximum breathing capacity.
Im-DCH-beta-GalO-[4-(1-imidazolyl)butyl]-2,3-dicyano-1,4-hydroquinonyl beta-D-galactopyranoside.
IMEindependent medical examiner.
IMFInternational Monetary Fund.
IMFInternational Myeloma Foundation.
IMHOin my humble opinion.
IMIImipramine (Tofranil).
IMIintramuscular injection.
IMLintracranial mass lesion.
IMLASInternational Musculoskeletal Laser Society.
IM-likeinfectious mononucleosis-like.
IMMCinterdigestive migratory motor complex.
IMOin my opinion.
IMPimmuno magnetic particles.
IMPinosine 5'-monophosphate.
IMRIInterventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
IM-RODintramedullary rod.
IMRTintensity-modulated radiotherapy.
IMSimmunomagnetic separation.
INCBInternational Narcotics Control Board of United Nations.
INDinvestigational new drug (see FDA).
INFAInternational Neurofibromatosis Association.
INJinject; injection.
INKinjury not known.
INLInternational Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Bureau (DOS).
iNOinhaled nitric oxide.
INRInternational Normalized Ratio (standard of care for the management of anticoagulation).
INSImmigration and Naturalization Service.
InsP(3)inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate.
INSSInternational Neuroblastoma Staging System.
Intrainside (e.g. intracavitary); during (e.g. intraoperative = during surgery).
IOinferior oblique.
IOintestinal obstruction.
IOAIndian Orthopaedic Association.
IOFBintraocular foreign body.
IOLintraocular lens.
IOMinterosseous membrane.
IOPintraocular pressure.
IORTintraoperative radiotherapy.
IOUintensive therapy observation unit.
IPA5-(N-methyl-N-isopropyl) amiloride.
IPAidiopathic premature adrenarche.
IPAiInvasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
IPAimmunoprecipitation assay.
IPAIndependent Practice Associations.
IPAindices of platelet activation.
IPAIndol-3-pyruvic acid.
IPAIndole-3-propionic acid.
IPAinferior phrenic artery.
IPAinfiltrating pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
IPAInformation Processing Ability.
IPAinherited paternal HLA antigens.
IPAintegrated pulse amperometry.
IPAinterference pattern analysis.
IPAInternational Paediatric Association.
IPAInternational Pharmaceutical Abstracts.
IPAintimate partner abuse.
IPAintralobar pulmonary arteries.
IPAintrapulmonary arteries.
Ipainvasion plasmid antigens proteins.
IPAirrigation pipe-associated.
IPAisopropyl alcohol.
IPA-ESTindophenyl acetate esterase.
IPC(foot)intermittent pneumatic foot compression.
IPCin-process control.
IPEiris pigment epithelium.
IPHCInternational Prostate Health Council.
IPHCintraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion chemotherapy.
IPHCisoproterenol hydrochloride.
IPIinternational prognostic index.
IPKisolated perfused rat kidney.
IPOPimmediate postsurgical prosthetics.
IPPAinspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation.
IPPBintermittent positive pressure breathing.
IPPOintermittent positive-pressure inflation with oxygen.
IPPRintermittent positive pressure respiration.
IPPSIndependent Power Producers.
IPPVintermittent positive pressure ventilation.
IPRAFInternational Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Foundation.
IPRASInternational Confederation for Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery.
IPSIDimmunoproliferative small intestinal disease.
IPSMInstitute for Preventative Sports Medicine.
IPSPinhibitory postsynaptic potential.
IPSPThe Italian Prognostic System Project.
IPSSInternational Prostate Symptom Score.
IPVinactivated poliovirus vaccine.
IPximpaired glucose tolerance.
IQintelligence quotient.
IQCinstrument quality control.
IRinternal rotation.
IRintracellular receptor.
IRBinstitutional review board.
IRBBBincomplete right bundle-branch block.
IREinternal rotation in extension.
IRFinternal rotation in flexion.
IRIimmunoreactive insulin.
IRMAintraretinal microvascular abnormalities.
IRrsInspiratory Rrs.
IRSInternal Revenue Service.
IRSSDInternational Research Society for Spinal Deformities.
ISin situ.
ISintercostal space.
ISAintrinsic sympathomimetic activity.
ISACInternational Society for Analytical Cytology.
ISAGInternational Society for Animal Genetics.
ISAKInternational Society for the Advancement of Kinathropometry.
ISAKOSInternational Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery, and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
ISAZInternational Society for Anthrozoology.
ISBInternational Society of Biomechanics.
ISBSInternational Society of Biomechanics in Sports.
ISCinstrument standardization and calibration.
ISCASInternational Society for Computer Aided Surgery.
ISDRFInternational Spinal Development & Research Foundation.
ISEPInternational Society of Educators in Physiotherapy.
ISGimmune serum globulin.
ISGInternational Shoulder Group.
ISHin situ hybridization.
ISHisolated systolic hypertension.
ISHLTthe International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation.
ISIinternational sensitivity index.
ISISInternational Spinal Injection Society.
ISLinterscapular line.
ISMindolent systemic mastocytosis.
ISMISSInternational Society for Minimal Intervention in Spinal Surgery.
ISOSTInternet Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology.
ISPintraocular silicone prosthesis.
ISPOInternational Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics.
ISRinduced systemic resistance.
ISSIntegrated Summary of Safety.
ISSInternational Society of Surgery.
ISSCinvestigative site support center.
ISSIInterview Schedule of Social Integration.
ISTinsulin shock therapy.
ITidiopathic thrombocythemia.
ITindividual therapy.
ITinhalation therapy.
ITintensive therapy.
ITintermediate trophoblast.
IT15interesting transcript 15 in Hungtington disease
ITBiliotibial band.
ITCinteragency testing committee.
ITPidiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
ITPion transport peptide.
ITTinternal tibial torsion.
ITTinterstitial tumor therapy.
ITUIntensive Therapy Unit.
I-typeintestinal type.
IUimmunizing unit, international units.
IUCDintra-uterine contraceptive device.
IUDintrauterine device.
IUGRintrauterine growth retardation.
IUPintrauterine pregnancy.
IUTintrauterine transfusion.
IVin vitro.
IVin vivo.
Ivintravenous, intravenous line.
IVCinferior vena cava.
IVCintravenous cholangiography.
IVCisovolumic contraction.
IVCDintraventricular conduction defect.
IVDintervertebral disc.
IVDAintravenous drug addict.
IVDUintravenous drug use/user.
IVECin vitro expression cloning.
IVFin vitro fertilization.
IVHintrafascial vaginal hysterectomy.
IVHintravenous hyperalimentation.
IVHintraventricular hemorrhage.
IVIintravenous injection.
IVIGintravenous immunoglobulin.
IVJCintervertebral joint complex.
IVPintravenous pyelogram.
ivpbintravenous piggyback infusion.
IV-QARin vitro quantitative autoradiography.
IVRidioventricular rhythm.
IVRiliac vascular resistance.
IVRimmersive virtual reality.
IVRin vitro released.
IVRin vivo recovery.
IVRinhibitor of virus replication.
IVRinteractive voice response.
IVRintermediate view reprojection.
IVRintervascular ridging.
IVRinterventional radiology.
IVRinterventional vascular radiology.
IVRintestinal vascular resistance.
IVRintramolecular vibrational energy redistribution.
IVRintrarenal vascular resistance.
IVRintravaginal ring.
IVRintravenous regimen.
IVRintraventricular reentry.
IVRinverted repeats.
IVRisovolumetric regulation.
IVRisovolumic relaxation.
IVRAintravenous regional anesthesia.
IVR-ODinverted repeat outer domain.
IVSDinterventricular septal defect.
IVUintravenous urography.
IVUSintravascular ultrasonography.
IvVDintravenous administration of high and intermittent doses of calcitriol.
IWinfarction weight.
IWMFInternational Waldenstrom's Macroglubulinemia Foundation.
J (39 abbreviations)
JAADJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
JAAOSJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.
JABJournal of Applied Biomechanics.
JACSJournal of the American College of Surgeons.
Jak(s)Janus kinase(s).
JAMAJournal of the American Medical Association.
JAOAJournal of the American Osteopathic Association.
JBJSJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery (UK).
JBJSJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery (US).
JBMRJournal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation.
JCAHOJoint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations.
JCDJakob-Creutzfeldt disease.
JCOJournal of Clinical Oncology.
JCOAJapanese Clinical Orthopedic Association (Japanese only).
JHSJournal of Hand Surgery (US).
JJjaw jerk.
JJCThe Japanese Joint Committee.
JNCJoint National Committee.
JNDjust noticeable difference.
JNMSJournal of Musculoskeletal System.
JOAJapanese Orthopaedic Association (UMIN: Japanese only).
JOCDjuvenile osteochrondritis dissecans.
JOSInternet Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and related subjects.
JOSPTJournal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy.
JOTJournal of Orthopaedic Trauma.
JPOJournal of Prosthetics and Orthotics.
JRAjuvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
JSCASJapan Society for Computer Aided Surgery (only Japanese).
JSNjoint space narrowing.
JSOAJournal of the Southern Orthopaedic Association.
JSRJournal of Sport Rehabilitation.
JSSJunior Secondary School.
JVjugular vein.
JVDjugular-venous distension.
JVPjugular venous pressure; jugular venous pulse.
K (33 abbreviations)
KASSKaneda anterior spinal/scoliosis system.
kbkilobases (1kb = 1000 nucleic acid bases).
KBknee bearing amputation.
kcalkilocalorie (food calorie).
KClpotassium chloride.
KCSkeratoconjunctivitis sicca.
KDknee disarticulation.
KEEKlebsiella spp., E.coli, and Enterobacter soo., the lactose fermentation bacteria that are most commonly isloated from urine.
KFDKikuchi-Fujimoto disease.
KFHKaiser Foundation Hospital.
KFHKing Fahad Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
KFTkidney function test.
KGS(17-)17-ketogenic steroids.
KIKarolinska Institut (Musculoskeletal Diseases).
KIpotassium iodide.
Ki-67proliferation index.
KIAKliger iron agar.
KID syndromekeratitis, ichthyosis, and deafness.
KKknee kick.
KLSkidney, liver, spleen.
KOkeep open.
KOHpotasium hydroxide.
KSKnee Society (AAOS Specialty Societies).
KUBkidneys, ureters, and bladder.
KVOkeep veins open.
K-wireKirschner wire.
L (253 abbreviations)
L&Alight and accommodation.
L&Dlabor and delivery.
L&Hlungs and heart.
L&Sliver and spleen.
L&Wliving and well.
Llente insulin.
Llymphatic invasion.
Louter membrane layer of cell wall of gram-negative bacteria (layer).
Lsyphilis (Latin lues).
L/Slecithin/shingomyelin ratio.
L1 - L5Lumbar vertebrae 1 - 5 (spine e.g. L1 = 1st lumbar vertebra).
LAleft atrium.
LAlinoleic acid.
LAlocal anesthesia.
LAClong arm cast.
LADleft anterior descending (coronary artery).
LADleft axis deviation.
LADleukocyte adhesion deficiency.
LADligament augmentation device.
LADlinoleic acid-deficient.
LADDlaparoscopic appendectomy and duodenocolonic dissociation.
LADDslifetime average daily doses.
LADDsliquid automatic dishwashing detergents.
Ladd'ssyndrome, intestinal obstruction from peritoneal bands.
LAElong above elbow (cast).
LAHleft atrial hypertrophy.
LAM-1L-selectin adhesion molecule (on leukocytes).
LANClong arm navicular cast.
lap cholelaparoscopic cholecystectomy.
LAPleft atrial pressure.
LAPleukocyte alkaline phosphatase.
LARlinoleic acid-rich.
LASIKlaser in-situ keratomileusis.
LATlateral (view in x-rays).
lat. flap latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction.
LATSlong-acting thyroid stimulator.
LBlarge bowel.
LBLewy body.
LBLyme borreliosis.
LBBlow back bending.
LBBBleft bundle branch block.
LBCDleft border of cardiac dullness
LBDLewy body dementia.
LBLlecture-based learning.
LBLlymphoblastic lymphoma.
LBMlean body mass.
LBOlarge bowel obstruction.
LBOlower body obesity.
LBPlow back pain.
LBPlow blood pressure.
LBTlow back tenderness.
LCLangerhans' cells.
LClymphocyte corona.
LC50lethal concentration 50%.
LCAlateral costal artery (branch of internal mammary artery).
LCAleft coronary artery.
LCAleukocyte common antigen.
LCDCPlimited/low-contact dynamic compression plate.
LCEleg cycle ergometer.
LCEAlatency corrected ensemble average.
LCEAlung carcinoma expressed antigens.
LCHLangerhans cell histiocytocis.
LCISlobular carcinoma in situ (breast carcinoma).
LCLlateral collateral ligament.
LCMleft costal margin.
LCNEClarge cell neuroendocrine carcinoma.
LCSWlicensed clinical social worker.
LCTAlungs clear to auscultation.
LD100lethal dose 100 %.
LDFlaser Doppler flowmetry.
LDGSlife-death growth standard.
LDHlactic dehydrogenase.
LDL cholesterollow-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
LDLlow density lipoprotein.
LDMlipoatrophic diabetes mellitus.
LDPlumbo-dorsal pain.
LDRPLabor Delivery Recovery Postpartum.
LDWlow-dose warfarin.
LEleft eye.
LElower extremity.
LElupus erythematosis.
LEElocus of enterocyte effacement.
LELlowest effect level.
LESlower esophageal sphincter.
LFleft foot; linear fracture; low frequency.
LFAleft forearm.
LFAlymphocyte function-associated antigen.
LFA-1lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1.
LFBLuxol fast blue.
LFLAantilactoferrin latex bead agglutination test.
LFTliver function tests.
LGAlarge-for-gestational age.
LG-ABNlicking/grooming and arched-back nursing.
LGBlateral geniculate body.
LGI(see GI) lower gastro-intestinal tract.
LGVlymphogranuloma venereum.
LHluteotropic hormone.
LHGleft hand grip.
LHRHluteinizing hormone-releasing hormone.
LHSleft hand side.
LIclacunar ictus.
LICleft iliac crest.
LIMAleft internal mammary artery.
LIPlymphoid interstitial pneumonitis.
LIQleft inner quadrant.
LIRleft iliac region.
LISlaboratory information system.
LKleft kidney.
LKSliver, kidney, spleen.
LLleft lateral.
LLleft leg.
LLleft lower.
LLleft lung.
LLBleft lateral bending; long leg brace.
LLClong leg cast.
LLCClong leg cylinder cast.
LLDleg length discrepancy.
LLEleft lower extremity.
LLFleft lateral flexion; left little finger.
LLLleft lower leg; left lower lid.
LLLlower left lobe (lung).
LLNlower limit of normal.
LLQlower left quadrant (abdomen).
LLRleft lumbar region.
LLSlong leg splint.
LLWClong leg walking cast.
LLXleft lower extremity.
LMlentigo maligna.
LMDleft midline deviation; local medical doctor
LMMlentigo maligna melanoma.
LMNlower motor neuron (signs).
LMOlocal medical officer.
LMPlast menstrual period.
LMWHlow molecular weight heparin.
LNlupus nephritis.
LNlymph node.
LOAleft occipitoanterior.
lob lobular.
LOClevel of care.
LOClevel of consciousness (in Glasgow Coma Scale).
LOCloss of consciousness.
LODlimit of detection.
LODloss on drying.
LOHloss of heterozygosity.
LOMleft otitis media; limitation of movement; loss of movement.
LOQleft outer quadrant.
LOQlimit of quantification.
LOSlength of stay.
LOSlipooligosaccaride (endotoxin virulence factor of N. gonorrhoeae).
LOSloss of sight.
LOTleft occiput transverse.
LOTligament of Treitz.
LPlight perception.
LPlumbar puncture.
LPAleft pulmonary artery.
lpcABlipopolysaccharide (LPS) core AB cluster genes.
lpcClipopolysaccharide (LPS) core C gene.
LPCCliver primary cell cultures.
LPDluteal phase defect.
lpflow power field.
LPLlipoprotein lipase.
LPLKlichen planus-like keratosis.
LPNlicensed practical nurse.
LQlower quadrant.
LQTSlong QT syndrome.
LRlactated Ringer's solution.
LRECLocal Research Ethics Committee (UK).
LRFLeukaemia Research Fund (UK).
LRFALymphoma Research Foundation of America.
LRQlower right quadrant.
LRTlower respiratory tract.
LRTIligament reconstruction tendon interposition (procedure).
LRTIlower respiratory tract infection.
LSleft side.
LSliver and spleen.
LSlumbar spine.
LSAleft sacrum anterior.
LSDlysergic acid diethylamide.
LSFlateral spread of freeze (of a cryosurgical iceball).
LSILlow grade squamous intraepithelial lesion.
LSKliver, spleen, kidney.
LSMFTliposclerosing myxofibrous tumor.
LSNlateral spinal nucleus.
LSPleft sacrum posterior.
LSPlumbar spine.
LSSlumbar spinal stenosis.
LTB4leukotriene B4.
LTClong term care.
LTCFlong term care facility.
LTKlaser thermokeratoplasty.
LTRlong terminal repeats.
LTRlower trunk rotation.
LUAleft upper arm.
LUEleft upper extremity.
LULleft upper lobe (lung).
LULAlaparoscopy under local anesthesia.
LUOQleft upper outer quadrant.
LUPspecimen lipemic, unable to perform.
LUQleft upper quadrant (abdomen).
LVleft ventricle.
LVASleft ventricular assist system.
LVEDPLV end-diastolic pressure.
LVEFleft ventricular ejection fraction.
LVFleft ventricular failure.
LVHleft ventricular hypertrophy.
LVSEMlow-voltage scanning electron microscopy.
LVSFleft ventricular shortening fraction.
LWLarge White (pig).
LXlower extremity.
LyPlymphomatoid papulosis.
LYSlife years saved.
LZTlow zone tolerance.
M (666 abbreviations)
M&Fmother and father.
Mdistant metastasis.
mmeter, minim.
mmultiple tumors.
M.N.mononuclear lymphocytes.
M.S.U.midstream urine; monitored stroke unit.
M/Hmedical history.
M0metastases absent.
M1metastases present.
M30antibody against epitope 387-396 AA of cytokeratin.
MAmarketing authorization.
MAMaster of Arts.
MAmedial amygdala.
MAmedical advisor.
MAmedical authorization.
MAmental age.
MAmoderately advanced.
MAmuscle activity.
MAAminimum audible angle.
MAbsmaternal derived antibodies.
MACmaximum allowable concentration.
MACmembrane attack complex.
MACminimum alveolar concentration.
MACMycobacterium avium complex.
MACEmajor adverse clinical event.
MACOP-Bmethotrexate, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, bleomycin.
MAEmajor arrhythmic events.
MAEmedian absolute error.
MAEmedical air evacuation.
MAEmedication administration errors.
MAEmicrowave-assisted extraction.
MAEmotion aftereffect.
MAEmoves all extremities.
MAEmurine aortic endothelial cells.
MAEmyoclonic absence epilepsy.
MAEmyoclonic-astatic epilepsy.
MAGmyelin-associated glycoprotein.
MAHAmicroangiopathic hemolytic anemia.
MAIGAmonoclonal antibody immobilization of granulocyte antigens.
MAJmajor; majority.
MALmiddle axillary line.
MALTmucosa associated lymphoid tissue.
mammo mammogram.
MANeArgosy's Manhattan II, experimentally modified.
MANEThe Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis.
MANOVAmultivariate analysis of variance.
MAOmaximal acid output.
MAOmonoamine oxidase.
MAOImonoamine oxidase inhibitor.
MAPmean arterial pressure.
MAPSSmulti angle polarised scatter separation.
MARCMmosaic analysis with a repressible cell marker.
MASmanifest anxiety scale.
MASmeconium aspiration syndrome.
MASmeconium aspiration.
MASSmassage; massive.
MASTmilitary antishock trousers.
MAXmaxilla; maximal; maximum.
MB ChBDegrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (UK).
MBmuscle balance.
m-BACODmethotrexate, bleomycin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, dexamethasone.
MBCmaximum breathing capacity.
MBCminimum bactericidal concentration.
mbcrminor breakpoint cluster region.
MBHmaximum benefit from hospitalization.
MBPmajor basic protein.
MBPmyelin basic protein.
MBPCknee arthroplasty with metal-backed patellar components.
MBsMallory bodies.
MBSMarie-Bamberger syndrome.
MBSmodified barium swallow test.
MBsmolecular beacons.
MBsmushroom bodies.
MBSmyosin-binding subunit.
MCmast cells.
MCmixed cellularity (classical Hodgkin lymphoma).
MCAMedicines Control Agency.
MCAmultiple correspondence analysis.
McAbmonoclonal antibodies.
MCAOmiddle cerebral artery occlusion.
MCDmultivessel coronary disease.
mCEmonomeric carboxylesterases.
MCFmonocyte chemotactic factor.
mcgµg, microgram.
MCHmean corpuscular hemoglobin.
MCHCmean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration.
MCHLmixed cellularity classical Hodgkin lymphoma.
MCImandibular cortical index.
MCI-154a cardiac Ca2+ sensitizer.
MCI-186a newly-developed free radical scavenger.
MCI-2016bifemelane hydrochloride.
MCI-225a new selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor with 5-HT3 receptor blocking action.
MCLmantle cell lymphoma.
MCLmast cell leukemia.
MCLmidclavicular line.
MCPmetacarpophalangeal joint.
MCP-1monocyte chemoattractant protein.
MCSmast cell sarcoma.
MCSmaster cell stock.
MCSmotor conduction studies.
MCSmultiplechemical sensitivity.
MCTDmixed connective tissue disease.
MCUmedical care utilization.
MCVmean corpuscular/cell volume (a parameter of red blood cells).
MDmedialis dorsalis.
MDMedical Doctor.
MDMeniere's disease.
MDmuscular dystrophy; motion-defined.
MDAmaternal derived antibodies.
MDAMedical Devices Agency (UK).
MDAmouse diaphragm assay.
MDCminimum detectable concentration.
MDDMedical Devices Directorate (UK).
MDDemajor depressive disorders, endogenous.
MDGCRminimal DiGeorge critical region
MDHmalate dehydrogenase.
MDImeter-dose inhaler.
MDIImultiple daily insulin injections.
MDM-2mouse double minute protein.
MDRmitochondrial diazepam binding inhibitor (DBI) receptor.
MDRmulti drug resistant.
MDSmyelodysplastic syndrome.
MDS/MPSmyelodysplastic/myelproliferative syndromes.
MDVMarek disease virus.
MDVmultiple dose vial.
MEmedical examiner.
MEmiddle ear.
MECmedical ethical committee.
MECmitoxantrone, etoposide and Ara-C regimen.
MECmitoxantrone, etoposide and Ara-C regimen.
MEDminimum effective dose; medial.
MEDFLAGMilitary Medical Exercise.
MEDLARSmedical literature analysis and retrieval system.
MEFmaximal expiratory flow.
MEFRmaximal expiratory flow rate.
MEHmedical eye history.
MEIAmicroparticle enzyme immunoassay.
MEKOmethyl ethyl ketone.
MEN Imultiple endocrine neoplasia (1.pituitary; 2.parathyroids; 3.pancreas).
MEN IImultiple endocrine neoplasia (1.thyroid; 2.parathyroids; 3.adrenals).
MEPmotor evoked potentials.
mEq/Lmilliequivalents per liter.
MESmicroembolic signals.
MESAmyoepithelial sialoadenitis.
MFmarrow fibrosis, myelofibrosis.
MF/MMmyelofibrosis/myeloid metaplasia.
MFDmidforceps delivery; minimum fatal dose.
MFTmuscle function test.
MFUmedical follow up.
MFVmaximum flow velocities.
MFWmultiple fragment wounds.
mgmilligram - 0.001 gram.
MGmuscle group.
MGmyasthenia gravis.
MGBmalachite green brucellae medium.
MGBmedial geniculate body.
MGBMichaelis-Gutmann body.
MGBmicropouch" gastric bypass.
MGBminor groove binder.
MGBmonoglucuronosyl bilirubin.
MgCl2magnesium chloride.
MGCTmalignant granular cell tumor.
MGDmammary gland density.
MGDmean glandular dose.
MGdmedial geniculate body dorsal.
MGDmeibomian gland disease.
MGDmixed gonadal dysgenesis.
MGDModulation gap detection.
MGDmolybdopterin guanine dinucleotide.
MGDmonogalactosyl diacylglycerol.
MGDmonolayer growth defect.
MGDMouse Genome Database.
MGDmultiglandular disease.
MGD-1Mediterranean mussel defensin.
MGD1Mytilus galloprovincialis defensin 1.
MGD-FeN-methyl-D-glucamine dithiocarbamate/ferrous sulfate mixture.
MGFmaternal grandfather.
MGGMay-Grünwald-Giemsa stain.
MGGMmaternal great grandfather.
MGUSmonoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance.
MGvmedial geniculate body ventral.
MHmaleic hydrazide.
MHmalignant histiocytosis.
MHmalignant hyperthermia.
MHMannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica.
MHMantel-Haenszel (test).
MHmarital history.
MHMayfield skull pin head holder.
MHmedial hypothalamus.
MHmediastinal hernia.
MHmedical history.
MHMedtronic Hall (heart valves).
MHmelanophore hormone.
MHmenstrual history.
MHmental health.
MHmetal halide.
MHmild hypoxia.
MHmorbus Hodgkin.
MHMueller-Hinton (medium).
MHmultiply handicapped.
MHmunicipal hospital
MHAMay-Hegglin anomaly.
MHAMental Health Association.
MHAmicroangiopathic hemolytic anemia.
MHACMental Health Act Commission (UK).
MHAMMueller-Hinton agar medium.
MHAMmutiple hamartoma.
MHAQModified Health Assessment Questionnaire.
MHA-TPmicrohemagglutination Treponema pallidum.
MHBmaximum hospital benefit.
MHBMueller Hinton Base.
MHBSSmodified Hank balanced salt solution.
MHCmajor histocompatibility complex (see HLA).
MHCMental Health Care.
MHCAManaged Health Care Associates.
MHCImajor histocompatibility complex.
MHCSmental hygiene consultation service.
MHCUMental Health Care Unit.
MHDmagneto hydrodynamics (nuclear).
MHDmaintenance hemodialysis.
MHDmean hemolytic dose.
MHDMental Health Department.
MHDminimum hemolytic dilution.
MHDminimum hemolytic dose.
MHDMulberry heart disease.
MHDPmethylene hydroxydiphosphonate.
MHDPSMental Health Demographic Profile System.
MHGMetropolitan Health Group.
mHgmillimeter of mercury.
MHImalignant histiocytosis of intestine.
MHImental health index.
MHImental health information.
MHImental health inventory.
MHIminimal head injury.
MHIQMcMaster Health Index Questionnaire.
MHLmedial hypothalamic lesion.
MHLCmultidimensional health locus of control.
MH-like BCLmalignant histiocytosis-like B-cell lymphoma.
MHLSmetabolic heat load stimulator.
MHLWMinistry of Health, Labor and Welfare.
MHNmassive hepatic necrosis.
MHNMohshardness Number.
MHNmorbus hemolyticus neonatorum.
MHOmicrosomal heme oxygenase.
MHP1-mercury 2-hydroxypropane.
MHPhemiplegic migraine.
MHPMaternal Health Program.
MHPMedical Center Health Plan.
MHPMetropolitan Health Plan.
MHPmonosymptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis.
MHRmaximal heart rate.
MImental foramen.
MImental illness.
mimicrophtalmia gene.
MImitral insufficiency.
MImyocardial infarction.
MIAmedically indigent adults.
MIAmissing in action.
MIAmulti-institutional arrangements.
MIB1antibody against Ki-67 (a proliferating marker).
mIBGRadioactive Iodine Metaidobenzoguanidine (mIBG scans or mIBG therapy).
MIBI(99mTc-MIBI or setamibi) Technetium-99m 2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile.
MIBImethoxyisobutylisonitrile( as in 99mTc-MIBI or setamibi = Technetium-99m 2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile).
MICexpressed as or volume percentage (
MICminimum inhibitory concentration of an antibacterial drug.
MICEMedical Insurance Claim Examiner.
MICUmobile intensive care unit.
MIDmaximum inhibitory dilution.
MIDminimum infective dose.
MIDminimum inhibitory dose.
MIDminimum irradiation dose.
MIDmulti-infarct dementia.
MIDmultiple ion detection.
MIDCABminimally invasive directed coronary bypass.
MIDDrenal monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease.
MIFmaximal inspiratory flow.
MIFRmaximal inspiratory flow rate.
MIHmaturation-inducing hormone.
MIHmedication-induced headache.
MIHmolt-inhibiting hormone.
MIHmullerian inhibiting hormone.
MIHmyointimal hyperplasia.
MINmammary intraepithelial neoplasia.
MINminimal; minor.
min.minimum, minutes.
MIPmaximum intensity projection.
MIRLmembrane ingibitor of reactive lysis (CD59).
MISmaximal isometric strength.
MISmelanoma in situ.
MISminimal incision surgery.
MISminimally invasive surgery.
MISSminimally invasive spinal surgery.
Mitfmicrophtalmia transcription factor.
MIVimpurities and volatile matter.
MIVmajor injury vector.
MIVmajor interspecific variant.
MIVmaternal intravenous administration.
MIVmature intermediate villi.
Mivmatured in vitro.
MIVmaximal isocapnic ventilation.
MIVmaximization of interclass variance.
MIVmaximum increase value.
MIVmean integrated voltage.
MIVmean number of infective vector.
MiVMiltenberger class V-like molecule (a human glycophorin variant).
MIVminimal inhibitory volumes.
MIVminimum immobilizing viscosity.
MIVmitoxantrone, ifosfamide, and etoposide (chemotherapy).
Mivmitral valve.
MIVmosquito iridescent virus.
MIVmultivalent influenza vaccine.
Miv-CCmMicrohodotermes viator corpus cardiacum peptide.
MKVmeasles, killed vaccine.
MLmaximum to left.
mlmilliliter 0.001 liter.
MLATMutual Legal Assistance Treaty.
MLCminimum lethal concentration.
MLDminimum lethal dose.
MLDminimum lumen diameter.
MLEmariner-like elements.
MLMPmucinous tumor of low malignant potential.
MLOmediolateral oblique.
MLRmixed lymphocyte reaction.
MLUmean length of utterance (a standard by which speech development is measured).
ML-VRImandibular lingual vertical releasing incisions.
mm Hgmillimeters of Mercury
MMmalignant melanoma.
mmmillimeter - 0.001 meters.
MMmucous membrane.
MMmultiple myeloma.
MMmuscle mass.
MMA syndromemetritis-mastitis-agalactia syndrome.
MMAmarketing authorization application.
MMAmastitis, metritis, agalactia.
MMAmedical management analysis.
MMAmedical materials account.
MMAmethyl methacrylate.
MMAmethylmalonic acid.
MMAmiddle meningeal artery.
MMAminor morphologic aberration.
MMAmultiple module access.
MMEFRmaximum mid expiratory flow rate.
MMFmaximal midexpiratory flow.
MMFRmaximal midexpiratory flow rate.
MMImaximum medical improvement.
MMMmixed malignant mesothelioma.
MMMTmalignant mixed mesodermal tumor.
MMPmatrix metalloproteinase.
MMPIMinnesota multiphasic personality inventory.
MMRlive, attenuated measles-mumps-rubella vaccine.
MMSMohs micrographic surgery.
MMSEmini-mental state examination.
MMSTmuscle strength.
MMTmanual muscle test.
MMTSmaximum mean total score.
MMVAmethylmevinolinic acid.
MNmalignant neoplasm.
MNDdementia with motor neuron disease.
MNJmyoneural junction (disease).
MOmetal oxide.
MOCmaintenance of certification.
MODmedical officer of day; moderate.
MODEMSMusculoskeletal Outcomes Data Evaluation and Management System.
MOFMultiple Organ Failure.
MOImechanism of injury.
mol wtmolecular weight.
MOLmore or less.
MOMmilk of magnesia
MOPPmechlorethamine, vincristine (Oncovin), procarbazine, and prednisone (combination of drugs used for treatment of Hodgkin's disease).
MP(6-)6-mercaptopurine (anti cancer drug).
MPmelphalan and prednisone.
MPmenstrual period.
MPmetacarpal phalangeal (also MCP).
MPmetatarsalphalangeal joint.
MPAmedroxyprogesterone acetate.
MPAmicroscopic polyangiitis.
MPCmaximum permissible concentration.
MPCmethacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine.
MPCmethoxypropyl cyanoacrylate.
MPCmucopurulent cervicitis.
MPCMmaculopapular cutaneous mastocytosis.
MPD(chronic) myeloproliferative disorder.
MPDmaximum permissible dose.
MPDmyeloproliferative disorders.
MPEGMoving Picture Experts Group.
MPFmaturation-promoting factor.
MPGNmembranoproliferative glomerulonephritis.
MPHmidparental height.
MPKMinipig Kidney cell line.
MPLMaclura pomifera.
MPLmouse potency level.
MPOMedical and Pediatric Oncology (journal).
MPOAmedial preoptic area.
MPPmultipurpose phantoms.
MPSmononuclear phagocyte system.
MPSmyeloproliferative syndromes.
M-PSTmonoamine-sulfating form of sulfotransferases.
MPTmean peripheral temperature.
MPTmechanical pain threshold.
MPTmechanical pressure therapy.
MPTMethylphenidate treatment.
MPTmodified physiotherapy.
mPTmutant pertussis toxin.
MPTP1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,4,6-tetrahydropyridine, a synthetic narcotic related to meperidine that selectively destroys dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra (considered a "designer drug").
MPVmean platelet volume.
MPXIneutrophil myeloperoxidase activity.
MRmaximum to right.
MRmental retardation.
MRmitral regurgitation.
MRmutual recognition.
MRAmagnetic resonance angiography.
MRAmycoplasma removal agent.
MRCMedical Research Council (UK).
MRCAS(Center for) Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery.
MRCGPmembership examination of the Royal College of General Practitioners.
MRDMedical Records Department.
MRECMulti-center Research Ethics Committee (UK).
MRGmurmurs, rubs or gallops.
MRImagnetic resonance imaging.
MRKHMayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.
MRLmaximum residual limits.
MRM Modified Radical Mastectomy.
MRNmagnetic resonance neurography.
mRNAmessenger RNA.
MRSAMethicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
MRTmean residence time.
MRVmagnetic resonance venography.
MSmass spectrometry.
MSmedical student.
MSminor surgery.
MSmitral stenosis.
MSmorphine sulfate.
MSmultiple sclerosis.
MSAFPmaternal serum α-fetoprotein.
MSCglomerular mesangium cell.
MSCmacrocystic serous cystadenoma (of the pancreas).
MSCmacrodactyly simplex congenita.
MSCmagnitude squared coherence.
MSCmagnocellular neurosecretory cell.
MSCmajor septic complications.
MSCmajor symptom complex.
MSCmalignant spindle-shaped cells.
MSCmammosomatotroph cells.
MSCmantle storage cells.
MSCmarrow stromal cells.
MScMaster of Science.
MSCMaterials Services Center.
MSCmaternal serum cortisol.
MSCmaxillary sinus carcinoma.
MSCMeadowlands Sports Complex.
MSCmeat starter culture.
MSCmechanosensitive ion channels.
MSCmedial septum cholinergic (neurons).
MSCmedial septum complex.
MSCMedical Sciences Campus.
MSCMedical Service Corps.
MSCmedical smart card.
mscmeiotic sister-chromatid recombination.
mSCmembrane secretory component.
MSCmesangial cells.
MSCmesenchymal stem cells.
MsCmesothelial cells.
MSCmiddle subcutaneous (adipose tissue).
MSCmidpalatal suture cartilage.
MSCmid-systolic click.
MSCmigrating spike complexes.
MSCmilk somatic cell.
MSCminiature squamous cells.
MSCminimal sporocidal concentrations.
MSCminimum significant change.
MSCminimum spirocheticidal concentration.
MSCmodified sampling connections.
MSCmodified semi-circular (spot electrode array).
MSCmodified synaptonemal complexes region.
MSCmolecular shape comparison.
MSCMoloney sarcoma cell.
MSCmonocyte synergistic cytotoxicity.
MSCmonosynaptic connection.
MSCmorphine sulphate Contin.
MSCmotile sperm count.
mSCmotor layers of the superior colliculus.
MSCmotor-sensory cortex.
MSCmouse spinal cord.
MSCmouse splenocytes.
MSCMS Contin tablets.
MSCMucosal Starter Culture.
MSCMultimedia Super Corridor.
MSCmultiple synchronous cancer.
MSCmultiplicative scatter correction.
MSCmultipotential subserosal cells.
MSCmultipurpose silastic catheters.
MSCmuscle satellite cells.
MSCmuscle score.
MSCmyelin-forming Schwann cells.
MSCmyeloid suppressor cells.
MSC80mouse Schwann cell line.
MSC-LSMSmid-systolic click-late systolic murmur syndrome.
mSCsminiature synaptic currents.
MSCTMulti-Slice CT (scan).
MSDSmaterial safety data sheet.
MSFMédecins Sans Frontières.
MSGmonosodium glutamate, a food additive causing neuronal necrosis in mice, in high doses.
MSHmelanocyte-stimulating hormone.
MSLmidsternal line.
MSLTmultiple sleep latency test.
MSM or DMSmethylsulfonylmethane or dimethylsulfone (CH3SO2CH3).
MSO4morphine sulfate.
MSOAMissouri State Orthopaedic Association.
MSPmethylation-specific polymerase chain reaction.
MSSEMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
MSSUmid stream specimen urine.
MSTmean survival time.
MSTmedian survival times.
MSTmorphine sulfate tablets.
MSTImultiple soft tissue injuries.
MSUmidstream specimen of urine.
MSUmonosodium urate.
MSVmaster seed virus.
MSWMallory-Weiss syndrome.
MSWMaster in Social Work.
MSWmunicipal solid waste.
MTmanual traction; maximal therapy; more than; muscles and tendons; muscle test.
MTALmedullary thick ascending limb.
MTBImild traumatic brain injury.
MTDmaximum tolerated dose - phase 1 studies.
MTOCmicrotubule organizing centers.
MTRmagnetization transfer ratio.
MTRmasses, tenderness, rebound.
MTRGmasses, tenderness, rebound, guarding.
MTSMusculoskeletal Tumor Society (AAOS Specialty Societies).
MTSSmedial tibial stress syndrome.
MTXmethotrexate (anti cancer drug).
MUAmanipulation under anaesthesia.
MUAmedically underserved area.
MUAP'smotor unit action potentials.
MUCmaximum use concentration.
MUDmatched unrelated donor - for bone marrow transplant.
MUGAmultigated acquisition (scanning).
MUOmyocardiopathy of unknown origin.
MUPmaximum urethral pressure.
MUPmouse urinary protein.
MUSOCMusculoskeletal Ultrasound Society.
mVmean velocity.
MVmedial vestibular nucleus.
MVmitral valve.
MVAmalignant ventricular arrhythmias.
MVAmanual vacuum aspiration.
MVAmarginal vascular arcade (about intestines).
MVAmarket value added.
MVAmassive volume administration.
MVAmaximal voluntary activation.
MVAMaximum Volunteer Activity (software).
MVAmechanical ventricular assistance.
MVAmedioventral area.
MVAmedullary ventral areas (about medulla oblongata).
MVAMegabalanus volcano.
MVAmesopic visual acuity.
MvaMethanococcus vannielii.
MVAmevalonic acid.
MVAmevalonic aciduria.
MVAMevinolinic acid.
MVAmicrovascular anastomosis.
MVAmicrovascular angina.
MVAmicrovascular architecture.
MVAmicrovillous atrophy.
mvamin of visual angle.
MVAminimum visible angle.
MVAmitral valve area.
MVAmodified vaccinia virus Ankara.
MVAMontserrat volcanic ash.
MVAmosaic variegated aneuploidy.
MVAmotor vehicle accident.
MVAmultiple vessel angioplasty.
MVAmultivariate analysis.
MVAmultivesicular aggregates.
MVAmyelo-vertebral abnormalities.
MVA-1agglutinin isolated from the hemolymph of the acorn barnacle, Megabalanus volcano.
MVA-2agglutinin isolated from the hemolymph of the acorn barnacle, Megabalanus volcano.
M-VACmethotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, cisplatin.
MVccaudal part of the medial vestibular nucleus.
MVCmaximum voluntary contraction.
MVCmethotrexate, vinblastine and cisplatin.
MVCmicrovascular cells.
MVCmicrovessel count.
MVCmicrovillar cells (in the olfactory epithelium).
MVCminute virus of canines.
MVCmotor vehicle collision/crash.
MVPmitral valve prolaps.
MVRmitral valve replacement
MVVmaximum volume ventilation; maximum voluntary ventilation.
MWmolecular weight.
Mxmetastases unknown.
MXmetastasis cannot be, or has not been, assessed.
MYH11smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (gene 16p13).
MZmarginal zone.
MZLmantle zone lymphoma.
N (368 abbreviations)
N&Mnerves and muscles.
N&Tnose and throat.
N&Vnausea and vomiting.
Nnormal (concentration of solution).
Nregional lymph node metastasis.
N/Anot applicable.
N/Cnucleocytoplasmic area ratio.
N/Tnumbness and tingling.
N/Vnausea and vomiting.
NAno abnormalities.
NAnot admitted.
NAnot applicable.
NAnot available.
NAAno apparent abnormalities.
NAACCRNorth American Association of Central Cancer Registries.
NAAOPNational Association for the Advancement of Orthotics & Prosthetics.
NABCONational Alliance of Breast Cancer Organizations.
NABSnormoactive bowel sounds.
NaCNa channels.
NACnascent polypeptide associated complex.
NACnitrogen assimilation control protein.
NACnon-amyloid component (of Alzheimer's disease amyloid), alpha-synuclein.
Nacnucleus accumbens.
NaClsodium chloride.
NACPnon-amyloid-beta-component precursor (a.k.a. synuclein).
NADnicotinamide adenine dinucleotide.
NADno active disease.
NADno acute disease.
NADno acute distress.
NADno apparent distress.
NADnothing abnormal detected.
NADPnicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate.
NADWNational Arthritis Data Workgroup.
Na-HORsodium hornan.
NAIno acute infection.
NANAN-acetylneuraminic acid.
NAONNational Association of Orthopaedic Nurses.
NAOTNational Association of Orthopaedic Technologists.
NAPRANational Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Authorities.
NARno action required.
NARDNational Association of Retail Druggists.
NARDNetherlands Centre for Monitoring of Adverse Reactions to Drugs.
NARDno apparent respiratory distress.
NARDnominal absorbed radiation dose.
NASNational Academy of Sciences.
NASHnonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
NASPEMNorth American Society for Pediatric Exercise Medicine.
NASSNorth American Spine Society (also: AAOS Related Organizations).
NATnucleic acid amplification testing.
NATANational Athletic Trainers Association.
NaTTsodium tetrathionate.
NBnail bed.
NBneuro Behçet.
NBneurometric battery.
NBnitrous oxide-barbiturate.
NB(Lat. nota bene) note well.
NBnutrient broth.
NBIno bone injury.
NBMnothing by mouth.
NBPnon-invasive blood pressure.
NBSnormal breath sounds.
NBSSThe Canadian National Breast Screening Study.
NCno change.
NCno complaint.
NCnuclear cytoplasmic (ratio).
NCBINational Center for Biotechnology Information (US).
NCCNational Competition Council (AU).
NCCNational Consumer Council (UK).
NCCNational Coordinating Center.
NCCFNational Childhood Cancer Foundation (USA).
NCCINational Consultative Committee on Immunization.
NCCInervi corpori cardiaci interni.
NCCInoncardiac cerebral ischemia.
NCCLSNational Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards.
NCDnot considered disabling.
NCEPNational Cholesterol Education Program.
NCHSNational Center for Health Statistics.
NCINational Cancer Institute (USA).
NCNSno complications, no sequelae.
NCOno complaints offered.
NCPPNational Collaborative Perinatal Project.
NCR paperno carbon required paper.
NCRno cardiac resuscitation.
NCRANational Cancer Registrars Association (USA).
NCSnerve conduction studies.
NCVnerve conduction velocities.
NCVnon-cholera vibrios.
NCVnuclear coefficient of variance.
NDnon distended.
NDAnew drug application.
NDFneutral detergent fiber.
NDSACNational Drug Scheduling Advisory Committee (Canada).
NEnerve ending.
NEneurologic examination.
NECnecrotizing enterocolitis.
NECNursing Education Coalition.
NECCRNorth of England Children's Cancer Research Unit.
NEDno effort detected.
NEDno evidence of disease.
NEFAnon-esterified fatty acids.
NEJMNew England Journal of Medicine.
NEPneutral endopeptidase 24.11.
NERno evidence of recurrence.
NERDno evidence of recurrent disease.
NETAnorethisterone acetate.
Neuroneurology, neurological
NFPneurofilament protein.
NFRnot for resuscitation.
NFRANational Fibromyalgia Research Association (US).
ngnanogram (millimicron) - 0.000000001 gram.
NGN-G, nasogastric.
NGONon-Governmental Organization.
NGTnasogastric tube.
NGUnongonococcal urethritis.
NHnatural health.
NHneurologic history.
NHneuropsychiatric hospital.
NHnursing home
NHANES IISecond National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
NHANESNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
NHISNational Health Interview Survey.
NHLnon Hodgkin's lymphoma.
NHPnatural head position.
NHSNational Health Service.
NHSCRNational Health Service Central Registry (UK).
NIANational Institute on Aging.
NIAMSNational Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (US).
NICUneonatal intensive care unit.
NICUneurointensive care unit.
NIDANational Institute on Drug Abuse.
NIDDMnon insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, type II.
NIDRRNational Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research.
NIFnegative inspiratory force.
NIHNational Institute of Health (US).
NIIneuronal intranuclear inclusion.
NIMHNational Institute of Mental Health.
NIPno infection present; no inflammation present.
NIPBnon-invasive blood pressure.
NIRnear infrared.
NIRSNear Infrared Spectroscopy.
NIRVANANIR Vascular Advanced North American.
NISMATNicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma.
NIVnon-invasive ventilation.
NKnatural killer cells (large lymphocytes, part of the immune system).
NKnot known.
NKAno known allergies.
NKCANational Kidney Cancer Association (USA).
NKDno known disease.
NKDAno known drug allergies.
NKHSnon-ketotic hyperosmolar syndrome.
NLnormal limits.
NLGnatural latex gloves.
NLGnerve conduction velocities.
NLGNictitans lacrimal gland.
NLMNational Library of Medicine (part of NIH).
NLPno light perception; normal light perception.
NLPHLnodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma.
NLSnuclear localization signal.
NLTnot lower than.
NMnodular melanoma.
NMnot measured.
NMnot mentioned.
NMAneurogenic muscular atrophy.
NMBAneuromuscular blocking agent.
NMDPNational Marrow Donor Program.
NMJneuromuscular junction.
NMKINordic Committee for Food Analysis.
NMRnuclear magnetic resonance (scan).
NMSneuroleptic malignant syndrome.
NMSCnon melanoma skin cancer.
nmSCnonmyelinating Schwann cells.
NMSCnonmyelin-forming Schwann cells.
NMSSNational Multiple Sclerosis Society.
NMTnot more than.
NMZLnodal marginal zone b-cell lymphoma.
NNneonatal; nerves; nurse notes.
NNFFNational Neurofibromatosis Foundation (USA).
NNPdiabetic non-neuropathic.
NNPneonatal nurse practitioners.
NNPnerve net pulses.
NNPnon-histone nuclear proteins.
NNPnon-neoplastic pneumopathy.
NNPnonneoplastic polyps.
NNPnon-pregnant normotensive women.
NNPnormal non-pregnant.
NNPsodium nitroprusside.
NNP-1novel nuclear protein (HGMW-approved symbol D21S2056E).
NNPsnerve net pulses.
NNRnot necessary to return.
NNTnumber needed to treat.
NOnitric oxide.
NO2nitrogen dioxide.
NOAELno observable adverse effect level.
NODnon-obese diabetic.
NOELno observable effect level.
NOFNational Osteoporosis Foundation.
NOFneck of femur.
NOHANominal Ocular Hazard Area.
NOKnext of kin.
NONASnumber of non-aligned proximal tooth surfaces.
non-IgSFnon-Ig superfamily.
NONMEMnonlinear mixed effect model.
NOPno ocular pain; not otherwise provided for.
NORDNational Organization for Rare Disorders (USA).
NOSnitric oxide synthase.
NOSno organisms seen.
NOSnot on staff;
NOSnot otherwise specified.
NotIrestriction enzyme from Nocardia otitidis-cavarium.
NOVNederlandse Orthopaedisch Vereniging (Dutch Orthopaedic Association).
NPnasopharynx; neuropathology; not palpable.
NPnonpreferring (alcohol).
NPnurse practitioner.
NPBEnon-protein-bound estradiol.
NPCnasopharyngeal carcinoma.
NPCno previous complaint
NPCMDp-nitrophenoxycarbonyl methyl disulfide.
NPDno pathologic diagnosis.
NPDLnodular poorly differentiated lymphocytes.
NPHneutral protamine Hagedorn - an intermediate acting insulin.
NPHno previous history.
NPINational Program of Immunization.
NPI-NHneuropsychiatric inventory/nursing home.
NPNnonprotein nitrogen (BUN and creatinine).
nPNAnormalized protein nitrogen appearance rates.
NPO MNnothing by mouth after midnight.
NPOnil per os - nothing by mouth.
NPPNational Population Policy.
NPTnormal pressure and temperature.
NPVnegative predictive value.
NQMInon-Q-wave myocardial infarction.
NQWMInon-Q-wave myocardial infarction.
NRnerve root.
NRnot recommended.
NRnot remarkable.
NRBCnucleated red blood cells.
NRCNational Research Council.
NRCSNatural Resources Conservation Service.
NRCTNational Registry of Childhood Tumors (UK) held by the CCRG at Oxford.
NRInerve root involvement or irritation.
NRLnatural rubber latex.
NRMnormal range of motion.
NRNno return necessary.
NROMnormal range of motion.
NRTnicotine replacement therapy.
NRTInucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
NSnephrotic syndrome.
NSnerves; neurosurgery; no show, nonspecific.
NSnodular sclerosis (classical Hodgkin lymphoma).
NSnonserrated cells (type of basal epidermal cells).
NSnormal saline (solution).
NS5Anonstructural protein 5A.
NSAno significant abnormalities.
NSADno sign of significant disease.
NSAIDnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
NSCneurosecretory cells.
NSCno significant change.
NSCIANational Spinal Cord Injury Association.
NSCLCnon-small cell lung cancer.
NSD 2023gamma-morpholino-butyrophenone (a monoamine oxidase inhibitor).
NSD 30042-amino-4-phenylsulphonylbenzenesulphonamide.
NSDN-acetylneuraminic acid (NANA) storage disorders.
NSDNairobi sheep disease.
NSDnasal septal deformity.
NSDneurosecretory dysfunction.
NSDneurosensory deficit.
NSDnight shift dose.
NSDnigrostriatal degeneration.
NSDnitrofurazone soluble dressing.
NSDno significant defect.
NSDno significant differences.
NSDno sleep deprivation.
NSDnominal standard dose.
NSDnon surgical doctors.
NSDnonsegmental defect.
NSDnon-soap detergent.
NSDnon-specific damage.
NSDnon-specific defense.
NSDnonspecific dermatitis.
NSDnon-specific duodenitis.
NSDnon-sudden death.
NSDnonsuicidal depressed.
NSDnonsyndromic prelingual deafness.
NSDnormal sodium dialysate.
NSDnormal spontaneous delivery.
NSDnormal-coordinate structural decomposition.
NSDnormalized slope descriptors.
NSDnormalized spin density.
NSDnormalized standard deviation.
NSDnormal-salt diet.
NSDnormotensive sedentary.
NSDnumber of step-down.
nsd-1nonsusceptibility to DNV-1 (a recessive gene in the silkworm, Bombyx mori).
NSD-10153,4-hydroxybenzyl-hydrazine dihydrochloride.
NSD-1055aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) inhibitor.
nsd-2nonsusceptibility to DNV-2 (a recessive gene in the silkworm, Bombyx mori).
NSDD-38National Security Decision Directive-38.
NSEneuron-specific enolase - a neural marker.
NSEnon-specific esterase.
NSFno significant findings.
NSHNational Health Service (UK).
NSHDnodular sclerosing Hodgkin's disease.
NSHLnodular sclerosis classical Hodgkin lymphoma.
NSIno sign of infection, inflammation.
NSMneurosecretory material.
NSMINational Sports Medicine Institute of the United Kingdom.
NSRnon significant result.
NSRnormal sinus rhythm.
NSSnormal saline solution; normal size and shape.
NSVDnormal spontaneous vaginal delivery.
NSxneonatally splenectomized (animals).
NTnaso-tracheal; nerve treatment; normal temperature; no test, not tested.
NTnon tender.
NTnormal range.
NTDneural tube defect.
NTLIneurotensin-like immunoreactivity.
NTMnontuberculous mycobacteria.
NTPNational Toxicology Program.
NTPnormal temperature and pressure.
NTSnucleus tractus solitarius.
N-typenull type.
NUFIPnuclear FMRP-interacting protein.
NVnausea vomiting.
NVDnausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
NVIiris neovascularization.
NWBnon-weight bearing.
NWDANational Wholesale Druggists' Association.
NWOTANorth West Orthopaedic Trainees Association
NXGnecrobiotic xanthogranuloma.
NYDnot yet diagnosed.
NYHANew York Heart Association.
O (270 abbreviations)
O&Eobservation and examination
O&Pova and parasite
O.&A.odontectomy and alveolectomy
O/Eon examination.
OAocciput posterior.
OARGOsteoporosis and Arthritis Research Group.
OARSOsteoarthritis Research Society.
OATAOhio Athletic Trainers Association.
OATSosteochondral autograft transfer system.
OB/OJ ratiooverbite (OB) and horizontal overjet (OJ) ratio.
Ob-GYNobstetrics and gynecology.
OBJobject; objective.
OBPova, blood and parasites.
OBSorganic brain syndrome.
OCon call
OCoral contraceptive; office call.
OCDobsessive-compulsive disorder.
OCDosteochrondritis dissecans.
OCEcomprehensive exam.
OCEobservable cholinomimetic effects.
OCEodd-carbon fatty acid enriched.
oCEoligomeric carboxylesterases.
OCEoral conjugated estrogens.
OCEosteocartilaginous exostoses.
OCEsOct-containing composite elements.
OCFoccipital-frontal circumference.
OCGoral cholecystogram.
OCPoral contraceptive pills.
OCSopen canalicular system (about platelets).
OD(oculus dexter) right eye.
ODoccupational disease.
ODofficer of the day.
ODonce daily.
ODoptic density.
ODouter diameter.
ODAon day of admission.
ODSOswestry Disability Score.
OEon examination; orthopedic examination; otitis externa
OECIOrganization of European Cancer Institutes.
OESold English sheepdog.
OFFAOrthopaedic Foundation for Animals.
OGEU.S.Office of Government Ethics.
OGTToral glucose tolerance test.
OHoccupational history.
OHSopen heart surgery.
OIAoptical immunoassay.
OIFOsteogenesis Imperfecta Foundation.
OJisoleucyl-tRNA synthetase.
OJobstructive jaundice.
OJorange juice.
OJOrthodontist Judgment.
OJoverjet (type of maloclusion).
OLopen label.
OLSNAOrthopaedic Laser Society of North America.
OMobtuse marginal artery.
OMoccupational medicine.
OMosteopathic manipulation.
OMotitis media.
ONoptic neuritis.
ONDCPOffice of National Drug Control Policy.
ONFHosteonecrosis of the femoral head.
OOosteoid osteoma.
OOBout of bed.
OOHout of hospital.
OOPout of plaster.
OPocciput posterior.
OPopponens pollicis.
OPout patient.
OPCoculopalatocerebral (syndrome).
OPCoutpatient clinic.
OPCAolivopontocerebellar atrophy.
OPCDolivopontocerebellar degeneration.
OPCOSoligomenorrheic polycystic ovary syndrome.
OPDobstetric prediabetic.
OPDoptical path difference.
OPDotopalatodigital (syndrome).
OPDoutpatient department.
OPDoutpatient dispensary.
OpDentoperative dentistry.
OPDGocular plethysmodynamography.
OPGocular pneumoplethysmography.
OPHobliterative pulmonary hypertension; ophthalmia.
OPHOph ophthalmology; ophthalmoscopy, ophthalmoscope.
OPHCOffice of Prepaid Health Care.
OphDDoctor of Ophthalmology.
OPIobliteration prediction index.
OPIoculoparalytic illusion; Omnibus Personality Inventory.
OPIosteoblastic proliferation index.
OPIoverproduction inhibition.
OPIDNorganophosphorus-induced delayed neuropathy.
OPLother party liability; outer plexiform layer; ovine placental lactogen.
OPLLossification of posterior longitudinal ligament.
OPMoccult primary malignancy; Office of Personnel Management; ophthalmoplegic migraine.
OPNophthalmic nurse; osteopontin.
OPOOrgan Procurement Organization.
OPPosmotic pressure of plasma; oxygen partial pressure.
OPPAvincristine, procarbazine, prednisone, Adriamycin.
OPRDopiate receptor delta.
OPRKopiate receptor kappa.
OPRROffice of Protection from Research Risks.
OPRTorotate.. pbosphoribosyltransferase.
OPRTaseorotate phosphoribosyltransferase.
OPSoperations; optical position sensor; osteoporosis-pseudolipoma syndrome; outpatient service; outpatient surgery.
OPSAovarian papillary serous adenocarcinoma.
OpScanoptical scanning.
OPSIoverwhelming postsplenectomy infection.
OPSROffice of Professional Standards Review.
optbest (Lat. Optimus); optics, optician.
OPToutpatient treatment.
OPToutpatient; outpatient treatment.
OPTHDoptimal hemodialysis.
OPVoral polio vaccine.
OPVoral poliovirus vaccine.
OPWLopiate withdrawal.
OR&Fopen reduction and fixation; open reading frame.
OR(o)estrogen receptor; odds ratio; oil retention (enema]; open reduction; operating room; optic radiation; oral rehydration; orosomucoid; orthopedic; orthopedic research.
ORopen reduction.
ORoperating room.
ORrate of outflow.
ORAopiate receptor agonist.
ORAOrthopaedic Rehabilitation Association (AAOS Specialty Societies).
ORALABXoral antibiotics.
ORANSOak Ridge Analytical System.
ORBCox red blood cell.
ORBD-NRCOsteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases - National Resource Center.
ORCoculo-reno-cerebellar [syndrome].
ORDoptical rotatory dispersion; oral radiation death.
ORDSOffice of Research, Demonstration, and Statistics.
OREoil retention enema.
OREFOrthopaedic Research and Education Foundation.
ORFopen reading frame.
ORFopen reading frames.
Orgorg, organic.
ORIFopen reduction with internal fixation (sample operative report).
OrJorange juice.
ORJFopen reduction jaw fracture.
ORMorosomucoid; other regulated material; oxygen ratio monitor.
ORMCoxygen ratio monitor controller.
ORNoperating room nurse; orthopedic nurse.
ORNLOak Ridge National Laboratoiy.
OROoil red 0.
OROSoral osmotic.
ORPoperating room personnel.
ORPoxidation-reduction potential.
ORPMorthorhythniic pacemaker.
ORSolfactory reference syndrome.
ORSoral rehydration solution.
ORSoral surgery, oral surgeon.
ORSOrthopaedic Research Society (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
ORSorthopedic surgeon, orthopedic surgery.
ORSoxygen radical scavengers.
ORSAosteoclast resorption stimulating activity.
ORS-ROCOrthopedic Research Society, Republic of China.
ORTobject relations technique; operating room technician; oral rehydration therapy.
ORToperating room technician.
orthortho orthopedics, orthopedic.
OrthoORTH, orthopedics.
ORVOrthopaedic Research of Virginia.
ORWOsler-Rendu-Weber (syndrome).
OS(oculus sinister) left eye.
Osoccupational safety.
Osoffice surgery.
OsOmenn syndrome.
Osopening snap.
Osoperating system.
Osoral surgery.
OSoral surgery.
Osorgan specific.
OSoris, mouth or other opening.
Osorthopedic surgeon, orthopedic surgery.
OsOsgood-Schlatter [disease].
OSosteogenic sarcoma (context bone tumors).
Ososteogenic sarcoma.
Osoubain sensitivity.
Osoverall survival.
OSoverall survival.
Osoxygen saturation.
OSozone safe.
OSAobstructive sleep apnea.
OSAOffice of Services to the Aging.
OSAOptical Society of America.
OSAovarian sectional area.
OSAEOrthopaedic Special Assessment Examination (for AAOS members: Medical Education Section).
OSASobstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
OSCARon-line survey, certification and reporting system.
OSCCoral squamous cell carcinoma.
OSCEobjective structured clinical examination.
OSForgan system failure; osteoclast-stimulating factor; outer spiral fiber; overgrowth stimulating factor.
OSHAct Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
OSHAOccupational Safety and Health Adminstration.
OSIopen systems interconnection [reference model].
osmosmole; osmosis, osmotic.
OSMovine submaxillary mucin; oxygen saturation meter.
Osm/kgosmoles per kilogram.
Osm/losmoles per liter.
OSMEDotospondylometaphyseal dysplasia.
OSRoilseed rape.
OSRDOffice of Scientific Research and Development.
OSSover-the-shoulder strap.
OSTobject sorting test; Office of Science and Technology.
osteoosteoarthritis; osteomyelitis; osteopathy.
OSTOPOsteoporosis Society of British Columbia.
OSUKOphthalmological Society of the United Kingdom.
OSVOrbis Sigma Valves Type I.
OTobjective test; oblique talus; occlusion time; occupational therapist, occupational therapy; ocular tension; office therapy; old term (in anatomy).
OTobjective test; occupational therapy.
OToccupational therapy, old tuberculin.
OTold tuberculin (Koch's old tuberculin) or Koch's original tuberculin.
OTolfactory threshold; optic tract; orientation test ; original tuberculin; ornithine transcarbamylase; orotracheal; orthopedic treatment; otolaryngology; otology; oxytocin; oxytryptamine.
OTAoccupational therapy assistant.
OTAOffice of Technology Assessment.
OTAornithine transaminase.
OTAOrthopaedic Trauma Association (Newsletter) (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
OTAorthotoluidine arsenite.
OTCover the counter (a drug that can be obtained without a prescription).
OTMos tibiale mediale.
OU(oculus uterqie) each eye.
OVoffice visit.
OWLOrthopaedic Web Links.
P (770 abbreviations)
2PDtwo point discrimination.
6-PGD6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase.
P&Apercussion and auscultation
P&Spermanent and stationary
P(a-ET)CO2arterial-end tidal PCO2 difference (should be less than 7 mmHg).
p(with line over it)after, post.
Pperiarteriolar lymphocyte sheath (about spleen).
Pphosphorus, pressure, pulse, para.
Pproline. re nata (as needed).
P02pressure of oxygen
p24viral protein specific to HIV virus.
p53a tumor suppressor gene.
PA(S)Ppulmonary artery (systolic) pressure.
PApernicious anemia.
PAphagocytic activity.
PAphysician assistant.
PAposteroanterior (view in X-rays).
PApulmonary artery.
PABPBS/bovine serum albumin/azide buffer.
PACporous apatite ceramics.
PACpremature atrial contraction.
PACAPPituitary adenylate-cyclase-activating polypeptide.
PaCO2 (kPa)carbon dioxyde partial pressure in arterial blood.
PaCO2partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
PACUpost anesthesia care unit.
PADpalmar adductors.
PADperipheral arterial disease.
PADperipheral arteriosclerotic disease.
PADpreliminary anatomic diagnosis.
PADPpulmonary artery diastolic pressure.
PAEDPpulmonary artery end-diastolic pressure (normal range 4-13 mmHg).
PAFplatelet-activating factor.
PAHpolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon.
PAHOPan American Health Organization.
PAIphysical activity index.
PALposterior axillary line.
PALSpediatric advanced life support (training course).
PALSperiarteriolar lymphocyte sheath.
PAMPotential Acuity Meter.
PANpolyarteritis nodosa.
p-ANCAperinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies.
PAOperiarticular ossification.
PaO2partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood.
PAODperipheral arterial occlusive disease.
PAOPpulmonary artery occluded pressure.
PAOPpulmonary artery occlusive pressure (a.k.a.PCWP).
PapPapanicolaou smear.
PAPperoxidase antiperoxidase.
PAPprostatic acid phosphatase.
PAPpulmonary artery pressure (normal mean 9-19 mmHg) .
paranumber of pregnancies.
PARPpoly (ADP-ribose) polymerase.
PARQParent-Adolescent Relationship Questionnaire.
PARQParental Acceptance/Rejection Questionnaire.
PARQPhysical Activity Readiness Questionnaire.
PARQphysical activity recall questionnaire.
PASprimosome assembly site.
PASGpneumatic anti-shock garment.
PASIpsoriasis area and severity index (scoring of erythema, induration, scaling and involved area).
PATparoxysmal atrial tachycardia.
PBBpolybrominated biphenyls (intoxication cause disorders of immune function).
PBCprimary biliary cirrhosis.
PBDPick body dementia.
PBIprotein bound iodine.
PBLprimary brain lymphoma.
PBLproblem-based learning.
PBMCperipheral blood mononuclear cells.
PBNphenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone.
pBNPporcine brain natriuretic peptide.
PBOSRFPalm Beach Orthopaedic and Spinal Research Foundation.
PBPCperipheral blood progenitor cells.
PBPsPenicillin-binding Proteins.
PBSphosphate buffered saline.
PBSpostprandial bood sugar.
PBSCperipheral blood stem cell.
PBTpersistent, bioaccumulative and toxic.
pcafter meals.
PCpersonal computer.
PCphone call.
PCplasma cells.
pcpost cenam, after meals.
PCposterior cervical.
PCpresent complaint.
PCApatient controlled analgesia.
PCBpolychlorinated biphenyls, toxic used in manufacture of electrical transformers.
PCBproduction cell bank.
PCBAprinted circuit board assembled.
PCCprimary cell culture.
PCCEpseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium.
PCDpercutaneous catheter drainage.
PCDprogrammed cell death.
PCFposterior cervical fusion.
PCGparacervical ganglion.
PCGpreventive care group.
PCGprimate chorionic gonadotropin.
PCHparoxysmal cold hemoglobinuria.
PCIparturition to conception interval.
PCIpercutaneous coronary intervention.
PCIOLposterior chamber intraocular lens.
PCKDall parameters rechecked.
PCKDpolycystic kidney disease.
PCLposterior cruciate ligament.
PCLprimary cerebral lymphoma.
PCLprimary cutaneous lymphoma.
PCLIbone marrow plasma cell labeling index.
PCNAproliferating cell nuclear antigen.
PCNSLprimary central nervous system lymphoma.
PCOpolycystic ovaries.
PCO2partial pressure of carbon dioxide.
PCODpolycystic ovarian disease.
PCPPneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
PCPprimary care physician.
PCRpolymerase chain reaction.
PCTproximal convoluted tubule.
PCUPolicy Coordination Unit.
PCVpacked cell volume (hematocrit).
PCWPpulmonary capillary wedge pressure; normal range: 5 to 12 mmHg.
PDPaget disease.
PDpartial denture.
PDper diem.
PDperinatal death.
PDperitoneal dialysis.
PDpresenile dementia (Alzheimer).
PDprogressive disease.
PDpulmonary disease.
PD50protective dose 50 %.
PDApatent ductus arteriosus.
PDAposterior descending artery.
PDAgPennsylvania Department of Agriculture.
PDATpre-senile dementia of Alzheimer type.
PDDpervasive developmental delay.
PDGFplatelet derived growth factor.
PDHpigment-dispersing hormone.
PDLperiodontal ligament.
PDLLApoly D,L-lactic acid.
PDLL-Ddiffuse poorly-differentiated lymphocytic lymphomas.
PDLL-Nnodular poorly-differentiated lymphocytic lymphomas.
PDMMpoorly differentiated malignant mesothelioma.
PDOHPennsylvania Department of Health.
PDPCpoorly differentiated papillary carcinomas of papillary thyroid carcinomas.
PDQParkinson's disease questionnaire.
PDQPhysician's Data Query (CancerNet).
PDRPhysician's Desk Reference.
PDSpoly-p-dioxanone or polydioxanone suture (commercial synthetic absorbable suture).
PDSProgressive Deterioration Scale.
PDTphotodynamic therapy.
PDTCpyrrolidine dithiocarbamate.
PE tubepressure equalization tubes.
PEEdinburgh Pharmacopoeia.
PENorway's electrical inspection agency.
PEpancreatic extract.
PEpaper electrophoresis.
PEpartial epilepsy.
PEpelvic examination.
PEpenile erection.
PEpericardial effusion.
PEperitoneal exudate.
PEpersonal edition.
PEphase encoded.
PEphenytoin equivalent.
PEphotographic effect.
PEphycoerythrin (fluorescent dye used in flow cytometry).
PEphysical education.
PEphysical engineering.
PEphysical examination.
PEphysical exercise.
PEphysician extender.
PEphysiological ecology.
PEpigmented epithelium.
PEpilocarpine epinephrine.
PEplacental extract.
PEplant engineering.
PEplasma exchange.
PEplating efficiencies.
PEplatinum etoposide.
PEpleural effusion.
PEpoint of entry.
PEpost-exponential (growth).
PEpotential energy.
PEpowdered extract.
PEpresent evaluation.
PEpressure equalization.
Pepressure on expiration.
PEpresumptive eligibility.
PEprior to exposure.
PEprobable error.
PEprofessional engineer.
PEprogram evaluation.
PEproportional error.
PEPseudomonas exotoxin.
PEpulmonary edema.
PEpulmonary embolus/embolism.
PEpyrogenic exotoxin.
PEApelvic examination under anesthesia.
PEAphenylethyl alcohol.
PEApolysaccharide egg antigen.
PEApulseless electrical activity (cardiac)
PEACPharmaceutical Education Advisory Committee.
PEAPpositive end airway pressure.
PEARphase encoded artifact reduction.
PEARLPersonnel Expertise and Resource Listing.
PEARLpupils equal and reactive to light.
PEBcisplatin, etoposide and bleomycin.
PECperitoneal exudate cells.
PECPetri Enteropathogen Count (plate).
PECAM-1platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (CD-31).
PEEPpositive end-expiratory pressure.
PEFRpeak expiratory flow rate.
PEGpercutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.
PEG-PEpoly(ethylene glycol)-modified phosphatidylethanolamine.
PELpermissible exposure limit.
PELprimary effusion lymphoma.
PEMprotein-energy malnutrition.
PENparenteral nutrition.
PEP Apeptidase A isozyme.
PEP Bpeptidase B isozyme.
PEP Cpeptidase C isozyme.
PEP Dpeptidase D isozyme.
pep M24pepsin extract of type-24 M protein.
PEP Speptidase S isozyme.
PEPpostexposure prophylaxis.
PEPprimer-extension preamplification.
PEP/ETpreejection to ejection time.
PEPECpig enteropathogenic E.coli.
PEPPPayment Error Prevention Program.
PER OSby mouth
per/osby mouth.
PerCPperidinin chlorophyll A protein (fluorescent dye used in flow cytometry).
Periaround or about (e.g. perirenal = around the kidney).
PERLApupils equal, reactive to light & accommodation.
PERRLpupils equally round and reactive to light.
PERRLApupils equally round and reactive to light and accommodation.
PESprenatal environmental stress.
PETpositron emission tomography.
PETpsychosocially enhanced treatment program.
PFPurkinje fibers.
PF4platelet factor 4.
PFCxprefrontal cortex.
PFFDproximal femoral focal deficiency (virtual support group).
PFJpatellofemoral joint.
PFOpatent foramen ovale.
PFOLAPrescription Foot Orthotic Laboratory Association.
PFPSpatellofemoral pain syndrom.
PFSprogression free survival.
PFTpulmonary function tests.
PGphosphate yeast glucose (a broth used in microbiology).
pgpicogram - 0.000000000001 gram.
PGpseudogout (chondrocalcinosis).
PGApolyglycolic acid.
PGCpregastricin; primordial germ cell.
PGD,6-6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase.
PGEprostaglandin E.
PGE1Prostaglandin E1.
PGFpaternal grandfather.
PGHpituitary growth hormone.
PGLpersistent generalized lymphadenopathy.
PGPprogressive general paralysis.
PGRprogesterone receptor.
pHhydrogen-ion concentration - acid / alkaline
PHpast history.
PHplasmactytic hyperplasia.
Ph1Philadelphia chromosome.
PhDDoctor in Philosophy.
PHIpeptide histidine isoleucine.
PHMpeptide histidine methionine.
PhN pharyngeal branch of the vagus nerve.
pHnnutrient pH.
PHNpapillary Hurthle cell neoplasms.
PHNparaventricular hypothalamic nucleus.
PHNpassive Heymann nephritis.
PHNpelvic hematoma necessitans.
PHNperihypoglossal nucleus.
PHNperiventricularis hypothalami.
pHnpH values measured by NMR.
PhNphrenic nerve.
PHnpleckstrin homology.
PHNportal hypertension.
PHNpost-herpetic neuralgia.
PHNpreferred Health Network.
PHNPublic Health Nursing.
PHNPublic Health Nutrition.
PHNpulmonary hypertension.
PHNspublic health nurses.
Photo DSCphoto differential scanning calorimeter.
PHPTprimary hyperparathyroidism.
PHSphenytoin hypersensitivity syndrome
PHSCpluripotential hematopoietic stem cell.
PHTLSprehospital trauma life support.
PHXpast history.
phyphytane isoprenoid.
PIpermanently implantable.
PIpersonal injury.
PIpositive indices.
PIpresent illness.
PIprotease inhibitor.
PIpulsatility index.
PIAperformance incentive award.
PIAposterior interosseous artery.
PIBIDS syndromephotosensitivity, ichthyosis, brittle hair, impaired intelligence, decreased fertility, and short stature.
PICperipherally inserted catheter.
PICproducts of incomplete combustion.
PICApostero-inferior cerebellar artery.
PICCperipherally inserted central catheter.
PIDpelvic inflammatory disease (CDC documentation).
PiDPick's disease.
PIDprolapsed intervertebral disc.
PIEPractical Incidence Estimators.
PIEProblem-Intervention-Evaluation (system).
PIEpulmonary infiltration with eosinophilia.
PIG-Aphosphatidylinositol glycan-class A (gene).
PIG-Aphosphatydilinositolglycan A.
PIHpregnancy-induced hypertension.
PIHpyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone.
PILperipheral intravenous line.
PIMpre-installation maintenance.
PINposterior interosseous nerve.
PIPproximal interpalangeal.
PIPproximal interphalangeal joint.
PIPJproximal interpalangeal joint.
PIVperipheral intravenous (line).
PKpain killer.
PLApolylactic acid.
PLAPplacental alkaline phosphatase.
PLFposterior lumbar fusion.
PLGApolylactic/glycolic acid.
PLIFposterolateral interbody fusion.
PLLprolymphocytic leukemia.
PLNsperipheral lymph nodes.
PLO-SLpolycystic lipomembranous osteodysplasia with sclerosing leukoencephalopathy (Nasu-Hakola syndrome).
PLRpupillary light reflex.
pltpaucity of lymph node T cell mutation.
PLTpost-liver transplantation.
PLTprimary lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma.
PLTprimed lymphocyte tests.
PLTpsittacosis-lymphogranuloma-trachoma group viruses.
PM&RPhysical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
PMpetit mal.
PMpost meridian (afternoon).
PMpostmitotic cells.
PMAPharmaceutical Manufacturers Association.
PMApositive mental attitude; progressive muscular atrophy
PMBpostmenopausal bleeding.
PMBLprimary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma.
PMDprivate medical doctor
PMDDpremenstrual dysphoric disorder.
PMHpast medical history.
PMImaxillary primary incisors.
pMImitotic index of proliferating cell population.
PMIpacemaker implantation.
PMIpain management index.
PMIPain Management Inventory.
PMIpainless myocardial infarction.
PMIpanoramic mandibular index.
PMIpast medical illness.
PMIpaternal meiosis I.
PMIperioperative myocardial infarction.
PMIphosphomannose isomerase.
PMIplacental membrane inflammation.
PMIplasma membrane integrity.
PMIpoint of maximum impact
PMIpollen mitosis one.
PMIposterior myocardial infarctions.
PMIpostmortem interval.
PMIpower motion imaging.
PMIPressure Management Indicator.
PMIPrevention Marketing Initiative.
pMIprevious myocardial infarction.
PMIprolonged mechanical inspiration.
PMIprostate malignancy index.
PMIpsoas minor muscle.
PMIIpaternal meiosis II.
PMKprimary monkey kidney.
PMLpromyelocytic leukemia and its gene on chromosome 15 (previously named myl).
PMLpromyelocytic leukemia protein.
PMNpolymorphonuclear leukocytes.
PMPprevious menstrual period.
PMP22Peripheral myelin protein 22.
PMRprotonic magnetic resonance (analysis).
PMRpsychomotor retardation.
PMSpremenstrual tension syndrome (late luteal phase dysphoric disorder).
PMSProfile of Mood States.
PNAprotein equivalent of total nitrogen appearance.
PNCpostnecrotic liver cirrhosis.
PNCprenatal care.
PNDparoxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.
PNDpostnatal day.
PNETprimitive neuroectodermal tumor.
PNFproprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation.
PNHparoxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.
PNIperipheral nerve injury
PNPpooled normal plasma.
PNSperipheral nervous system.
PO sus relPO (by mouth) sustained release.
PO(per os) orally, by mouth.
PO2Partial pressure of oxygen
POCproducts of conception.
PODpostoperative day.
PODpostovulatory day.
POEMS (syndrome)polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin lesions.
POGPediatric Oncology Group (USA).
polyprefix for multiple.
polyspolymorphonuclear cells.
POMemedian preoptic nucleus.
POMEpersistent otitis media with effusion.
PONFPaediatric Oncology Nurses Forum (UK).
POPplaster of paris.
Poppopliteus tendon.
POSPiedmont Orthopaedic Society.
POSIPaediatric Orthopaedic Society of India.
POSNAPediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (AAOS Specialty Societies).
POTSpostural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome.
POXpoint of exit
POXpulse oximetry.
PP&Apalpation, percussion and auscultation
PPper protocol.
PPPeyer's patches.
PPphosphoprotein phosphatase.
PPpositive pressure.
PPpresenting problem.
PPprivate physician.
PPAprimary progressive aphasia.
PPARalphaperoxisome proliferator activated receptor-alpha.
PPDpacks per day.
PPDpermanent partial disability.
PPDpurified protein derivative (of tuberculin).
PPEpersonal protective equipment.
PPGperistomal pyoderma gangrenosum.
PPGportosystemic pressure gradient.
PPHpast pertinent history.
PPHpost-partum hemorrhage
PPHprimary pulmonary hypertension.
PPHNpersistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn.
PPLOpleuropneumonia-like organisms.
ppmparts per million.
PPMCphysician practice management companies.
PPMSprimary progressive multiple sclerosis.
PPNDpallido-ponto-nigral degeneration.
PPPpregnancy-prevention program.
PPPEpersistent pigmented purpuric eruption.
PPSpachyman polysaccharides.
PPSpelvic pain syndrome.
PPSpentosan polysulfate.
PPSperipheral pulmonic stenosis.
PPsperoxisome proliferators.
PPSPersonal Preference Scale.
PPsPeyer's patches.
ppsphosphoenolpyruvate synthase gene.
PPsphosphoprotein phosphatases.
PPSphysician, patient and society.
PPSplasminogen-plasmin system.
PPSpolyvalent pneumococcal polysaccharide.
PPSpoor progesterone surge (cycles).
PPSpopliteal pterygium syndrome.
PPSpostpartum psychiatric syndromes.
PPSpostpartum sterilization.
PPSpostperfusion syndrome.
PPSpostpericardiotomy syndrome.
PPSpost-polio syndrome.
PPSpostpump syndrome.
PPSpotentiating paired stimulation.
PPSprenatal psychological stress.
PPSpreputial separation.
PPSprimary acquired preleukemic syndrome.
PPSprofessional practice standards.
PPSprospective payment system.
PPSprospective pricing system.
PPSprotein plasma substitute.
PPSpulse per second.
PPS/PCOpelvic pain syndrome/polycystic ovaries
PPSHpseudovaginal perineoscrotal hypopospadias.
P-PST-1phenol-sulfating form of sulfotransferases.
pptpart per trillion.
PPTPhysical Performance Test.
PPTplasma pregnancy test.
PPTpostpartum thyroiditis.
PPT-BPreprotachykinin B.
PPVpositive predicitive value.
PRpartial response / partial remission.
PRperirenal (adipose tissue).
PRprogress record.
PRpulse rate.
PR3proteinase 3.
PRAplasma/peripheral renin activity.
PRAMSPregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System.
PRASprereduced anaerobically sterilized (media).
PRBCpacked red blood cells.
PRCproximal row carpectomy.
PRCApure red cell aplasia.
PREprogressive resistance exercises.
prepprepare as.
PRI(S)pain rating intensity score.
PRIPACAP receptor I.
PRIPain Rating Index.
PRIpain rating index.
PRIpatient review instrument.
PRIPediatric Risk Index.
PRIperformance rating instrument.
PRIperinatal respiratory insufficiency.
PRIPharyngeal Retention Index.
PRIphenol red impurity.
PRIphosphate reabsorption index.
PRIphosphoribose isomerase.
PRIphosrestin I.
PRIphotochemical reflectance index.
PRIplacental ribonuclease inhibitor.
PRIplacental RNase inhibitor.
PRIplatelet reactivity index.
PRIpoint of respiratory inversion.
PRIpost recurrence induction.
PRIpostpartum resumption interval.
PRIpost-radiosurgical imaging.
PRIpost-remission intensification.
PRIpower ratio index.
PRIpremarital residential independence.
PRIpre-response interval.
PRIpreservation-reperfusion injury.
PRIpressure relief index.
pripristane isoprenoid.
PRIProFile Ni-Ti rotary instruments.
PRIprogressive renal insufficiency.
PRIproliferation rate index.
PRIprotease inhibitors.
PRIprotein intake.
PRIproximal promoter region I.
PRIPsychopathy Resemblance Index.
pRiroot-inducing plasmids.
PRI-100Personal Reaction Inventory.
PRIASPackard Radioimmunoassay System.
PRICEprotection, relative rest, ice, compression, elevation.
PRICEMMprotection, relative rest, ice, compression, elevation, modalities, medication.
PRICESphysician modalities, rehabilitation, injections, cross training, evaluation, salicylates.
PRICESprotection, rest, ice, compression, elevation, support.
PRIDEParents Resource Institute for Drug Education.
PRIHprolactin release inhibiting hormone.
PRIIproximal promoter region II.
PRIM&RPublic Responsibility in Medicine & Research.
PRIMEplankton reactivity in the marine environment.
PRIME-MDPrimary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders.
PRIMEXprimary care extender.
PRIMOSprime operating system.
PRINCEprojects in controlled environments (UK).
PRINDprolonged reversible ischemic neurologic deficit.
PRIONproteinaceous infectious particle.
PRISTpaper radioimmunosorbent test,
prnpro re nata - as required, as needed.
Pro timeprothrombin time.
PROMpassive range of motion.
PROMpremature rupture of membranes.
ProMACE-CytaBOMprednisone, methotrexate, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, cytarabine, bleomycin, vincristine, methotrexate.
PRPpenicillase-resistant penicillin.
PRPpityriasis rubra pilaris.
PrPprion protein.
PRREpupils round, regular and equal.
Prss14protease, serine, 14, a gene.
PRTpatient refused test.
PRUJproximal radioulnar joint.
PRULproximal radioulnar ligament.
PSpathologic stage.
PSphysical status.
PSpresent symptoms.
PSAprostate-specific antigen.
PSCprimary sclerosing cholangitis.
PSCRperipheral stem cell rescue.
PSCTperipheral stem cell transplant.
PSDpassive sampling devices.
PSEFPlastic Surgery Educational Foundation.
P-selectin (GMP140)adhesion molecule on endothelial cells and platelets.
PSFpeak scatter factor.
PSFposterior spinal fusion.
PSFpost-sophomore fellow.
PSGprogressive subcortical gliosis.
PSGNpost streptococcal glomerulonephritis.
psipounds per square inch.
PSISposterior superior iliac spine.
PSPphenylsulfonphthalein test.
PSPposterior spinous process.
PSSPerceived Stress Scale.
PSSVpre-study site visit.
PSTpalmar skin temperature.
PSTparoxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.
Pstphosphate-specific transporter.
pSTporcine somatotropin
PSTproblem-solving therapy
PSTproximal straight tubule.
PSTproximal straight tubules
PSTpulse separation time
PSTHpoststimulus time histograms.
PSTTplacental site trophoblastic tumor.
PSURperiodic safety update report.
PSVpeak systolic velocity.
PSVTparoxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.
PsyDDoctor in Psychiatry.
PTpermanent and total.
PTphysical therapy.
PTprothrombin time.
pt.patient, pint.
PTA Medicationprior to admission medication.
PTApercutaneous transluminal angioplasty.
PTAphosphotungstic acid.
PTAprior to admission/arrival.
PTAHphosphotungstic acid hematoxylin.
PTCpercutaneous transhepatic cholangiography.
PTCApercutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
PTDpermanent total disability.
PTGCprogressively transformed germinal centers.
PTHparathyroid hormone.
PTHcC-terminal parathyroid hormone.
PTHCpercutaneous transhepatic cholangiography.
PTHCposttransfusion hepatitis C.
PTHrPparathyroid hormone-related peptide.
PTKprotein tyrosine kinases.
PTLDpost-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder.
PTMCPercutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy.
PTMRpercutaneous transmyocardial revascularization.
PTOportal triad occlusion.
PTPProfessional Team Physicians.
PTRpatellar tendon reflex
PTSphosphotransferase system.
PTSDPost-Traumatic Stress Disorder (National Center for PTSD).
PTTpartial thromboplastin time.
PTUpropylthiourcil (antithyroid drug).
PUpregnancy urine.
PUCPmaximum urethral closure pressure.
PUDpeptic ulcer disease.
PUDperi-urethral diathermy (associated with superficial bladder cancer).
PUDpulmonary disease.
PUFApolyunsaturated fatty acids.
PuLvventral part of the lateral pulvinar.
Pulv-LPpulvinar-posterior-lateral complex.
PuMmedial pulvinar.
PUPPPpruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy.
PV bleedper vagina bleed.
PVpolycythemia vera.
PVApolyvinyl alcohol fixative.
PVASIpelvic vascular injury.
PVBparavertebral block.
PVBpremature ventricular beat.
PVB19parvovirus B19.
PVCpremature ventricular contraction.
PVCpulmonary venous congestion.
PVDperipheral vascular disease.
PVDpre-senile vascular dementia.
PVNSpigmented villonodular synovitis.
PvO2mixed venous oxygen tension.
PVRpost-void residual.
PVRpulmonary vascular resistance.
PVRpulse volume recorder.
PVSTparaventriculospinal tract.
PVSTparoxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.
PVTparoxysmal ventricular tachycardia.
PVTperipheral vein thrombophlebitis.
PVTperiprostatic vein thrombosis.
PVTpolymorphic ventricular tachycardia.
PVTpopliteal vein transplant.
PVTportal vein thrombosis.
pvt-1plasmacytoma variant translocation-1 gene (on chromosome 15).
PWBpartial weight bearing.
PWPpulmonary wedge pressure.
PWSPrader-Willi syndrome.
PXpapular xanthoma.
PXphysical examination.
PXEpseudoxanthoma elasticum.
PZIprotamine zinc insulin - a long acting insulin.
Q (35 abbreviations)
q(Lat. quaque) - each or every.
q.d.qd, (quaque in die) once a day, every day
q.h.qh, every hour
q.i.d.qid, four times a day
q.o.d.every other day
q.s.quantity sufficient
Q2Hevery two hours.
QAquality assurance.
QA/QCquality assurance/quality control.
QALYquality-adjusted life year.
QAMqam, every morning.
QARquantitative autoradiography.
QCquality control.
QCAquantitative coronary angiography.
QCTquantitative computed tomography.
QDevery day.
QHevery hour.
qhsevery night at bedtime.
QIDfour times a day.
QMqm, every morning.
QMIQ-wave myocardial infarction.
QMTquantitative muscle testing.
QNqn, quaque nox - every night.
QNSqns, quantity not sufficient.
QODevery other day.
QOHevery other hour.
QoLquality of life.
QONevery other night.
QPas much as desired; at will.
QPMevery afternoon.
qqhevery four hours (Lat. quaque quarta hora).
QSqs, sufficient quantity.
QTquantity; quart; quiet.
QVas much as desired.
R (363 abbreviations)
Rresidual tumor after treatment.
Rrespiration (also resp).
R.D.registered dietician.
R.P.R.rpr, rapid plasma reagin.
R.R.recovery room.
R/Orule out.
R/sroentgens per second.
R/Trelated to.
R2R Reach to Recovery ACS program.
RArefractory anemia.
RArheumatoid arthritis.
RAright atrium.
RACSRoyal Australasian College of Surgeons.
rad radiotherapy.
radradiation absorbed dose.
RAEBrefractory anemia with excess blasts.
RAIradioactive iodine uptake.
RAIUradioactive iodine uptake.
RAPright atrial pressure.
RAPDrelative afferent pupillary defect.
RAR-α retinoic acid receptor-alpha (gene on chromosome 17).
RASrenin-angiotensin system.
RASTserum radioallergosorbent test (test for milk sensitivity).
RATxradiation therapy
RBBBright bundle branch block.
RBCred blood cells/count.
RBErelative biological effects.
RBFrenal blood flow.
RBILDrespiratory bronchiolotis interstitial lyng disease.
RBWCrandomly bred White Carneau pigeons.
RCAright coronary artery.
RCA1Ricinus communis agglutinin.
rCBFregional cerebral blood flow.
RCMright costal margin.
RCMDrefractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia.
RCMIred blood cell morphologic index.
RCPRoyal College of Physicians.
RCPSCRoyal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.
RCRrespiratory control ratio.
RCSEDRoyal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.
RCSENGRoyal College of Surgeons of England.
RCSIRoyal College of Surgeons in Ireland.
RCTrandomized controlled trial.
RDrespiratory disease.
RDArecommended dietary allowance.
RDSrespiratory distress syndrome.
RDWred cell distribution width.
REright eye.
REALRevised European American Classification.
REMrapid eye movement.
RESreticuloendothelial system.
RESNARehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North American.
Resprespiration, respiratory.
REVReticuloendotheliosis virus.
RFrheumatic fever, rheumatoid factor.
RFAradiofrequency ablation.
RFAratio of fat area.
RFFITrapid fluorescent focus inhibition test.
RFIrenal failure index: UNa/(UCr/PCr).
RFLPrestriction-fragment length polymorphism.
RFSrelapse free survival.
RGDarginine-glycine-asparagine (aminoacid sequence responsible for cell-binding properties of fibronectin, vitronectin, fibrinogen, laminin, collagen).
RGOreciprocating gait orthosis.
Rh neg. (Rh-)Rhesus factor negative.
Rh pos. (Rh+)Rhesus factor positive.
RHrelative humidity.
RHReproductive Health.
RhRhesus (monkey) factor.
rhBMP-2recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein.
RHDrheumatic heart disease.
RIresistive index.
RIreticulocyte index = (%reticulocyte x pt Hct)/45 x (1/shift correction factor); (shift correction factor = 1.5 for Hct 35%; 2 for Hct 25%; 2.5 for Hct 15%); if RI <2% = hypoproliferative anemia, if RI 2% = excessive destruction or loss.
RICErest, ice, compression, and elevation.
RINDreversible ischemic neurologic deficit.
RJOSRuth Jackson Orthopaedic Society (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
RKrabbit kidney.
RLright lateral.
RLAResident Legal Advisor.
RLDreference lumen diameter.
RLErabbit limbal epithelial.
RLErabbit liver esterase.
RLErat liver epithelial cells.
RLErat lung epithelial cells.
RLFPremaining lifetime fracture probability.
RLLright lower lobe (lung).
RLQright lower quadrant (abdomen).
RMroutine maintenance.
RMArefuse/s medical assistance.
RMLright middle lobe (lung); right mediolateral.
RMRresting metabolic rate.
RNregistered nurse.
RNAribonucleic acid.
ROrule out.
ROAright occiput anterior.
ROCreceiver operating curve analysis.
RODremoval of drain.
ROIregion of interest.
ROMrange of motion (of joint).
ROMIRating of Medication Influences scale (psychiatry).
ROMIrule-out myocardial infarction.
ROPretinopathy of prematurity.
ROPright occiput posterior.
ROSremoval of sutures.
ROSreview of symptoms.
ROSreview of systems.
ROTright occiput transverse
ROTrule of thumb.
RPred pulp.
RPretrograde pyelogram.
RPDERP dispersion.
RPEretinal pigment epithelium.
RPGNrapidly progressive glomerulonephritis.
RPIreticulocyte production index.
RPPrate pressure product.
RPRrapid plasma reagin.
RPTregister physical therapy.
RRrelative risk.
RRrespiratory rate.
RRrisk ratio.
RRFresidual renal function.
RRMSrelapsing remitting multiple sclerosis.
RROMresistive range of motion.
RROSRRoundupReady* oilseed rape.
RRRregular rate and rhythm.
RRTrandom response technique.
RRTRegistered Respiratory Therapist.
RRTrelative retention time.
RRUrespiratory resistance unit.
RRV-TVrhesus rotavirus vaccine-tetravalent.
RSrandom sample.
RSrating schedule.
RsRauwolfia serpentina.
RSRaynaud syndrome.
RSrecipient's serum.
RSreclassification sensitivity.
RSrectal sinus.
RSrectal suppository.
RSreducing substance.
RSReed-Sternberg cells characteristic for Hodgkin's disease.
RSreinforcing stimulus.
RSReiter syndrome.
RSrelative stimulus.
RSrenal specialist.
RSrespiratory syncytial (virus).
RSresponse to stimulus.
RSresting subject.
RSreticulated siderocyte.
RSRett syndrome.
RSreview of symptoms.
RSReye syndrome.
RSRichter's syndrome (transformation of CLL in DLCL).
RSright sacrum.
RSright septum.
RSright side.
RSright stellate (ganglion).
RSRinger solution.
RSRoberts syndrome.
RSRous sarcoma.
Rssystemic resistance.
RS3PEremitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema.
RSArabbit serum albumin.
RSAregular spiking activity.
RSArelative specific activity.
RSArelative standard accuracy.
RSAreticulum cell sarcoma.
RSAright sacroanterior (fetal position).
RSAright subclavian artery.
RSAroentgenographic stereogrammetric analysis.
Rsasystemic arterial resistance.
RSBRapid Shallow Breathing Index.
RSBrectal suction biopsy.
RSBrecurrent sinus barotrauma.
RSBreticulocyte standard buffer.
RSBretinal Schiff base.
RSBright sternal border.
RSBroasted soybeans.
RSCrat spleen cell.
RSCrested state contraction.
RSCreversible sickle-cell.
RSCright subclavian.
RScAright scapuloanterior (fetal position).
RSCNRegistered Sick Children's Nurse.
RScPright scapuloposterior (fetal position).
RSDreflex sympathetic dystrophy.
RSDrelative standard deviation (Srel).
RSDSreflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome.
RSErapid spin-echo.
RSEPright somatosensory evoked potential.
RSESRosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.
RSHRoyal Society of Health.
RSIrapid sequence induction.
RSIrapid sequence intubation.
RSIrepetition strain injury.
RSICRadiation Shielding Information Center.
R-SIRSRevised Seriousness of Illness Rating Scale.
RSJVPrapid-sequence intravenous pyelography.
RSLradioscapholunate ligament.
RSLright sacrolateral (fetal position).
RSLDrepair of sublethal damage.
RSMrestriction site mutation.
RSMrisk screening model.
RSMRoyal Society of Medicine.
RSMRrelative standard mortality rate.
RSNright substantia nigra.
RSNA Radiological Society of North America.
RSOradiation safety officer.
RSOResident Surgical Officer.
RSOright superior oblique (muscle).
rSO2regional oxygen saturation.
RSPremovable silicone plug.
RSPright sacroposterior (fetal position).
RSPCARoyal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
RSPHRoyal Society for the Promotion of Health.
RSPKrecurrent spontaneous psychokinesis.
rSran electrocardiographic complex.
RSRregular sinus rhythm.
RSRrelative survival rate.
RSRright superior rectus (muscle).
RSSrat stomach strip.
RSSRussell-Silver syndrome.
RSSERussian spring-sununer encephalitis.
RSSRrelative slow sinus rate.
RSTradiosensitivity test.
RSTreagin screen test.
RSTright sacrotransverse (fetal position).
RSTrubrospinal tract.
RSTIRadiological Service Training Institute.
RSTLrelaxed skin tension lines.
RSTMHRoyal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
RSTSretropharyngeal soft tissue space.
RSUradiological sciences unit.
RSVrespiratory syncytial virus.
RSVright subclavian vein.
RSVRous sarcoma virus.
RSVCright superior vena cava.
RSVPretired senior volunteer program.
RT(ARRT)Radiologic Technologist certified by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists.
RT(N)(ARRT)Radiologic Technologist (Nuclear Medicine) certified by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists.
RT(R)(ARRT)Registered Technologist, Radiography certified by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists).
RT(T)(ARRT)Radiologic Technologist (Radiation Therapy) certified by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists.
rtlat right lateral.
RTradiologic technologist.
RTradium therapy.
RTrapid tranquilization.
RTreaction time.
RTreading test.
RTreciprocating tachycardia.
RTrecreational therapy.
RTrectal temperature.
RTreduction time.
RTRegistered Technician.
RTrenal transplantation.
RTresistance transfer.
RTrespiratory therapist/therapy.
RTresponse time.
RTrest tremor.
RTreverse transcriptase.
RTreverse transcription.
RTright thigh.
RTroom temperature.
RTRubinstein-Taybi (syndrome).
Rttotal resistance.
RT3rT3 reverse triiodothyronine.
RT3Uresin T3 uptake.
RTAray tracing algorithm.
RTArenal tubular acidosis.
RTAreverse transcriptase assay.
RTAroad traffic accident.
RTADrenal tubular acidification defect.
RTCrandom control trial.
RTCrape treatment center.
RTCrenal tubular cell.
RTCresidential treatment center.
rtcreturn to clinic.
RTCreturn to clinic.
RTCround the clock.
RT-CTradiotherapy dedicated computed tomography.
RTDrenal tubular defect.
RTDroutine test dilution.
RTECSRegistry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
RTFresistance transfer factor.
RTFrespiratory tract fluid.
RTG-2rainbow trout gonadal tissue cells.
rTHFrecombinant tumor necrosis factor.
RTIrespiratory tract infection.
RTIreverse transcriptase inhibition.
RTKreceptor-tyrosine kinase: rhabdoid tumor of the kidney.
RTMregistered trademark.
rTMSrepetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.
RTNrenal tubular necrosis.
RTOreturn to office.
RTOright toe off.
RTOGRadiation Therapy Oncology Group.
RTOGradiation therapy oncology group.
RTPradiation treatment planning.
RTPrenal transplantation patient.
RTPreverse transcriptase-producing (agent).
rt-PArecombinant tissue plasminogen activator.
rTPA/rtPArecombinant tissue plasminogen activator.
RTPCRreverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction.
RT-PCRreverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction.
RTRRecreational Therapist, Registered.
RTRred blood cell turnover rate.
RTRretention time ratio.
RTsreaction times.
RTSreal time scan.
RTsrelaxation times.
RTsresidence times.
RTsrespiratory therapists.
RTSrespiratory tract secretions.
RTSRett syndrome.
RTsreverse transcriptases.
RTSrevised trauma score.
RTSrevised trauma scores.
RTSright toestrike.
RTSRothmund-Thomson syndrome.
RTSRubinstein-Taybi syndrome.
RU 486antiprogesterone used for abortion in early gestation.
RUresin uptake.
RUroutine urinalysis.
RULright upper lobe (lung).
RUQright upper quadrant (abdomen).
RUTrapid urease test.
RVresidual volume of lung.
RVright ventricle.
RVASright ventricular assist system.
RVDCright ventricle diastolic collapse.
RVFright ventricular failure.
RVHright ventricular hypertrophy.
RVLMrostral ventrolateral medulla.
RVMIright ventricle myocardial infarction.
RVPreduced vascular response; resting venous pressure; right ventricular pressure.
RVQrelaxed vaginal outlet.
RVRrespiratory rate:tidal volume ratio.
RVTrenal vein thrombosis.
Rxtreatment, therapy.
RXRretinoid receptors.
S (506 abbreviations)
S & sxsigns and symptoms
S&Ssigns and symptoms.
s(with line over it)without.
ssine, without.
Sspecialist (physician).
S/Pstatus post
S/Ssigns and symptoms (also SAS).
S3(cardiac) third sound.
SAsinoatrial node.
SAsurface area (see BSA).
SAEserious adverse event.
SAFHSsonic accelerated fracture healing system.
SAHsubarachnoid hemorrhage.
SaO2systemic arterial oxygen saturation (%).
SARspecific absorption rate (MRI).
SARsuspected adverse reaction.
SARSSsuspected adverse reaction surveillance scheme.
SASsigns and symptoms (also S/S).
SASstatistical analysis system.
SASOCthe Social Acceptability Scale of Occlusal Conditions.
SATSouth African territories.
SATOSociedad Andaluza de Traumatologia y Ortopedia (Andalusian Society of Traumatology & Orthopaedics).
Sau3Arestriction enzyme from Staphylococcus aureus 3A.
SBsudan black.
SBBsudan black B.
SBCPSociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Plastica (Brazilian Society of Plastic Surgery).
SBEshortness of breath on exertion.
SBEsubacute bacterial endocarditis.
SBFTsmall bowel follow through series.
SBMsoybean meal.
SBOside branch occlusion (in coronary artery stenting).
SBOskull base osteomyelitis.
SBOsmall bowel obstruction.
SBOsoyabean oil.
SBOTSociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia (Brazilian Association of Orthopaedics and Traumatology).
SBPsystemic/ systolic blood pressure.
SCs.c., subcutaneous.
SCstratum corneum.
SCAIThe Society for Cardiac Angiography and Interventions.
SCANsuspected child abuse or neglect.
SCCsquamous cell carcinoma.
SCCstandard clinical criteria.
SCCOTColombian Society for Orthopaedics and Traumatology.
SCDsequential compression device.
SCDsickle cell disease.
SCDspinocerebellar degenerations.
SCDsudden cardiac death.
SCDsscalp current densities.
SCDSSeychelles Child Development Study.
SCDSSheffield child development study.
SCDssickle cell diseases.
SCDssteroid contraceptive drugs.
SCDSsudden cardiac death syndrome.
SCEsister-chromatid exchange.
SCFstem cell factor.
SCFEslipped capital femoral epiphysis (case report).
SCHIPState Children's Health Insurance Program.
SCIspinal cord injury.
SCICUspinal cord intensive care unit.
SCIDsevere combined immunodeficiency disease.
SCIWORAspinal cord injury without radiologic abnormality (Wheeless Textbook: Fractures).
SCJsquamocolumnar junction.
SCLCSmall cell lung cancer
SCOISouthern California Orthopaedic Institute.
SCSspinal chord stimulation.
SCSSpinal Cord Society.
SCTNScottish Cancer Therapy Network
SDshoulder disarticulation.
SDsignal detection.
SDstable disease.
SDstandard deviation.
SDATsenile dementia of Alzheimer's type.
SDHsorbitol deshydrogenase.
S-DSAstepping digital subtraction angiography.
SDUsource delivery unit.
SDUstandard deviation units.
SDVSource Data Verification
SEspin echo (MRI).
SEstaphylococcal enterotoxins.
SEBstaphylococcal enterotoxin B.
SECspontaneous echo contrast.
SECOTSociedad Espanola de Chirurgia Ortopedica y Traumatologia (only Spanish).
sed ratesedimentation rate.
segspolymorphonuclear neutrophil
SEHCSsilicones environmental health and safety concil.
SEMscanning electron microscopy.
SEMstandard error of the mean.
SESsick euthyroid syndrome.
SESsocioeconomic status.
SETTLEspindle epithelial tumor with thymus-like differentiation.
SFswine fever.
SFAFrench Society of Arthroscopy score.
SFAsaturated fatty acids.
SFAscreen-film angiography.
SFAspike frequency adaptation.
SFAspindle frequency activity.
SFAstanding foot angle.
SFAsuperficial femoral artery.
SFOPFrench Paediatric Oncology Society.
SGspecific gravity.
SGAsmall-for-gestational age.
SGCsalivary gland carcinoma.
SGDMStudy Group on Data Management.
sGMMsynthetic glucose monomycolate.
SGOSociety of Gynecologic Oncologists.
SGOTserum glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase (see AST).
SG-Psilica glass powder.
SGPTSerum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (see ALT).
SHsocial history, serum hepatitis.
SHSociety for Hematopathology.
SHAFTSad, Hostile, Anxious, Frustrating, Tenacious Syndrome.
SHBGsex hormone binding globulin.
SHOSenior House Officer.
SHRspontaneously hypertensive rats.
SIInternational System of Units.
SIserum iron.
SIshock index.
SISteel (mouse).
SIsyncytium-inducing viral phenotype.
SIADHsyndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.
SICOTInternational Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology (AAOS Specialty Societies: SICOT US Chapter).
SICUsurgical intensive care unit.
SIDSSudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS Network).
siginstructions or directions.
SIgsurface immunoglobulins.
SILsquamous intraepithelial lesions.
SIMSociety of the Internet in Medicine.
SIMAsmall intestinal mucinous antigen.
SIOPInternational Society of Paediatric Oncology.
SIOTSocieta Italiana di Ortopedia e Traumatologia (Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology).
SIRstandardized incidence ratio.
SIROTSocietee Internationale de Recherche Orthopeique et Traumatologie.
SIRPsignal-regulatory proteins.
SIRSsystemic inflammatory response syndrome.
SISsmall intestinal submucosa (hernia repair).
SITOPSocieta Italiana di Ortopedia e Traumatologia Pediatrica (Italian Society of Paediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology).
S-KSauve Kapandji (procedure).
sktrx skeletal traction.
SKSDSK-SD streptokinase-streptodomase.
slin a broad sense (Lat.sensu lato).
SLsclerosing leukoencephalopathy.
SLsecondary leukemia.
SLsegment length.
SLsensation level.
SLsensory latency.
SLseptal leaflet.
SLshort-leg (brace).
SLSibley-Lehninger (unit).
SLsignal level.
SLSinding Larsen (syndrome).
SLSjogren-Larsson (syndrome).
SLslit lamp.
SLsmall lymphocyte.
SLsodium lactate.
SLsolidified liquid.
SLsound level.
SLStein-Leventhal (syndrome).
SLsystolic wave, latent.
SL1segment length, inferior.
SL5segment length, septal.
SLAleft sacroanterior (fetal position) (Lat.sacrolaeva anterior).
SLAsegment length, anterior.
SLAsingle-cell liquid cytotoxic assay.
SLAslide latex agglutination.
SLAsoluble liver antigen.
SLAsuperficial linear array.
SLAsurfactant-like activity.
SLACscapholunate advanced collapse (wrist).
SLAMscanning laser acoustic microscope.
SLAMsystemic lupus erythematosus activity measure.
SLAPserum leucine aniinopeptidase.
SLAPsuperior labrum anterior posterior (lesion).
SLATsimultaneous laryngoscopy and abdominal thrusts.
SLBshort-leg brace.
SLCsecondary lymphoid organ chemokine.
SLCshort leg cast.
SLCCshort-leg cylinder cast.
SLDSLDH serum lactate dehydrogenase.
SLDsublethal damage.
SLDRsublethal damage repair.
SLEslit lamp examination.
SLESt.Louis encephalitis.
SLEsystemic lupus erythematosus.
SLEAsheep erythrocyte antibody.
SLEDAIsystemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index.
SLEPshort latent evoked potential.
SLEVSt.Louis encephalitis virus.
SLGsynthetic latex gloves.
SLHRsex-linked hypophospbatemic rickets.
SLIselective lymphoid irradiation.
SLIsomatostatin-like immunoreactivity.
SLIsplenic localization index.
SLICscanning liquid ionization chamber.
SLIDRCStudent Loan Interest Deduction Restoration Coalition.
SLILscapholunate interosseous ligament.
SLIMsynovial-like interface membrane.
SLIPserial line interface protocol.
SLIRsomatostatjn-like iminunoreactivity.
SLKsuperior limbic keratoconjunctivitis.
SLKCsuperior limbic keratoconjunctivitis.
SLLsegment length, lateral.
SLLsmall lymphocytic lymphoma.
SLMsound level meter.
SLMCspontaneous lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity.
SLNsublentiform nucleus.
SLNsuperior laryngeal nerve.
SLNWBCshort-leg non-weight bearing cast.
SLNWCshort-leg nonwalking cast.
SLOSmith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome.
SLOstreptolysin O.
SLOSSmith-Lenili-Opitz syndrome.
SLPleft sacroposterior (fetal position) (Lat.sacrolaeva posterior).
SLPsegmental limb systolic pressure.
SLPsex-limited protein.
SLPshort luteal phase.
SLPsubluxation of the patella.
SLPIsecretory leukocyte protease inhibitor.
SLPPserum lipophosphoprotein.
SLRShwartzman local reaction.
SLRsingle lens reflex.
SLRstraight leg raising.
SLRTstraight leg raising test.
SLSsegment long-spacing.
SLSshort-leg splint.
SLSsingle limb support.
SLSSjogren-Larsson syndrome.
SLSstagnant loop syndrome.
SLSStein-Leventhal syndrome.
SLTleft sacrotransverse (fetal position) (Lat.sacrolaeva transversa).
SLTsingle lung transplantation.
SLTsmokeless tobacco.
SLTsolid logic technology.
SLUDsalivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation.
SLUDGEsalivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation, gastrointestinal upset, emesis.
SLWCshort-leg walking cast.
sman small animal.
SMMaster of Science.
SmSerratia marcescens.
SMsilicon microphysiometer.
SMsimple mastectomy.
SMskim milk.
SmSmith (antigen).
SMsmooth muscle.
SMsomatomedin (insulin-like growth factors).
SMspace medicine.
SMsplenic macrophage.
SMsports medicine.
SMStrUmpell-Marie (syndrome).
sMsuckling mouse.
SMsuckling mouse.
SMsucrose medium.
SMsuction method.
SMsuperior mesenteric.
SMsurgical microscope.
SMsurrogate mother.
SMsustained medication.
SMsynaptic membrane.
SMsynovial membrane.
SMsystolic motion.
SMsystolic murmur.
SMAsequential multiple analysis or analyzer; sequential multichannel autoanalyzer: simultaneous multichannel autoanalyzer.
SMAsmooth muscle antibody.
SMASociety for Medical Anthropology.
SMAsomatomedin A.
SM-Asomatomedin A.
SMAspinal muscular atrophy.
SMAspontaneous motor activity.
SMASport Medicine Australia.
SMAstandard method agar.
SMAsuperior mesenteric artery.
SMAsupplementary motor area.
SMA-6Sequential Multiple Analysis in-six different serum tests.
SMABFsuperior mesenteric artery blood flow.
SMACSequential Multiple Analyzer Computer.
SMACsoluble membrane attack complex.
SMACsorbitol MacConkey agar.
SMACsuperior mesenteric arterial conductance.
SMaCSurrogate Marker Cost-Efficacy.
SMAEsuperior mesenteric artery embolism.
SMAFsmooth muscle activating factor.
SMAFspecific macrophage arming factor.
SMAGSpecial Medical Advisory Group.
SM-AHNMDsystemic mastocytosis with associated clonal hematopoietic non-mast cell lineage disorder.
SMALserum methyl alcohol level.
SMAOsuperior mesenteric artery occlusion.
SMARTsimultaneous multiple angle reconstruction technique.
SMASsubmuscular aponeurotic system.
SMASsuperficial musculo-aponeurotic system.
SMASsuperior mesenteric artery syndrome.
SMASTShort Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test.
SMBselected mucosal biopsy.
SMBstandard mineral base.
sMbsuckling mouse brain.
SMBFTsmall bowel follow-through.
SMBGself-monitored blood glucose.
SMCScientific Manpower Commission.
SM-CSm-C somatomedin C.
SMCsmooth muscle cell.
SMCsomatomedin C.
SM-Csomatomedin C.
SM-C/IGFsomatomedin C/insulin-like growth factor.
SMCAsmooth muscle contracting agent.
SMCAsuckling mouse cataract agent.
SMCDsenile macular choroidal degeneration.
SMCDsystemic mast cell disease.
SMCDsystemic meningococcal disease.
SMCRSmith-Magenis chromosome region.
SMDsenile macular degeneration.
SMDspondylometaphyseal dysplasia.
SMDsubmanubrial dullness.
SMDASafe Medical Devices Act (of 1990).
SMDAstarch methylenedianiline.
SMDCsodium-N-methyl dithiocarbamate.
SMDCstandards for medical device communication.
SMDMSociety for Medical Decision Making.
SMDSsecondary myelodysplastic syndrome.
SMEsevere myoclonic epilepsy.
SMEDspondylometaphyseal dysplasia.
SMFsecondary myelofibrosis.
S-Mgbserum myoglobin.
SMOSociedad Mexicana de Ortopedia (only Spanish).
SMPsympathetic maintained pain.
SMRsexual maturity ratings.
SMRsubmucous resection.
SMSsolitary myofibroma(tosis) of the skin.
SMTPStachybotrys microspora triprenyl phenol.
SNLGScottish and Newcastle Lymphoma Group.
SNPsodium nitroprusside.
SOstanding order OR significant other.
SOsuperior oblique.
SOASouthern Orthopaedic Association.
SOAPsymptoms, objective, assessment, and plan.
SOBshortness of breath.
SOBCOTSocietee Belge de Chirurgie Orthop?ique et de Traumatologie (Belgian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology).
SOCITRASSocieta Italiana di Traumatologia della Strada (Italian Society of Road Traumatology).
SOFCOTFrench Society of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery.
SOFIGOThe International Association of Supporters of FIGO.
SOMOSSociety of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).
SOPstandard operating protocol.
sosif necessary.
SOTOCAVSociedad de Ortopedia y Traumatologia de la Comunidad Autonoma Valenciana (only Spanish).
SOTRSSociedade de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Rio Grande do Sul (only Portuguese).
sp. gr.specific gravity.
SP-1pregnancy-specific beta-1-glycoprotein.
SPCseptal perforator compression.
SPCsoybean phosphatidylcholine.
SPCspleen cells.
SPCspontaneous phasic contractions.
SPCSummary of Product Characteristics.
SPCsystemic to pulmonary collaterals.
SPDphase difference" method.
SPECTsingle photon emission computed tomography.
SPF S-phase fraction.
SPFsun protection factor.
S-phaseproliferative index % of tumor cells actively dividing at a given time,
SPIOsuperparamagnetic iron oxide MRI enhancement.
S-PMIsubendocardial perioperative myocardial injury.
SPOHNCSupport for People with Oral and Head and Neck Cancer.
SQsq, subq., subcutaneous.
SRsedimentation rate.
SRShow Racer pigeons.
SRIFsomatotropin release-inhibiting factor (somatostatin).
SRSScoliosis Research Society (also: AAOS Specialty Societies).
ssone half.
SSSalmonella-Shigella agar.
SSsystemic sclerosis.
ss. gl.without glasses (or corrective lenses)
SSASocial Security Administration (US).
SSCside scatter (flow cytometry term).
SSCPsubsternal chest pain.
SSDsexual size dimorphism.
SSDshaded-surface display.
SSDsingle saturating dose.
SSDsingle-strand damage (DNA).
SSDSocial Security disability.
SSDsource-skin distance.
SSDsource-surface distance.
SSDspeech-sound discrimination.
SSDsuccinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase.
SSDsum of square deviations.
SSDsyndrome ofsudden death.
SSEsoap suds enema.
SSESpine Society Of Europe.
SSEPsomatosensory evoked potentials.
SSERsomatosensory evoked response.
SSKIsaturated solution of potassium iodine.
SSMSouthern Sports Medicine (& Orthopaedic Center).
SSMSuperficial Spreading Melanoma.
SSRsympathetic skin response.
SSRIselective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.
SSSsick sinus syndrome.
SSSSstaphylococcal scalded-skin syndrome.
SstIIrestriction enzyme from Streptomyces stanford.
st.stage of disease.
STATsignal transducers and activators of transcription.
STDsexually transmitted disease.
STDskin test dose.
STIsystolic time intervals.
STIssoft tissue infections.
STLNsoft tissue lateral neck.
STRsingle twitch response (EMG).
STRslow-twitch red (skeletal muscle).
STSserological test for syphilis.
STSsingle twitch stimulation (EMG).
STSSociety of Thoracic Surgeons.
STSGsplit thickness skin graft.
subcu.SC, , subcutaneous.
Subq(sub cutis) subcutaneous.
SUDAANsoftware for statistical analysis of correlated data.
SUDSsingle-use diagnostic system.
SUFE (radiograph)slip of the upper femoral epiphysis.
SUssubstance users.
SUVsunilamellar vesicles.
SVsimian virus.
SVstroke volume.
SV40simian vacuolating virus no. 40.
SVAsequential ventriculo-atrial pacing.
SVAshell vial assay.
SVAsinus of Valsalva aneurysms.
SVAsupraventricular arrhythmia.
SVA-IFAshell vial assay-indirect immunofluorescent assay.
SVCsuperior vena cava.
SVDSwine Vesicular Disease.
SVEof soil vapor extraction.
SVEsaline volume expansion.
SVEseminal vesicle epithelium.
SVESendai virus envelopes.
SVEserum vitamin E.
SVEsignificant villous edema.
SVEsmall volume expansion.
SVEsports vision evaluations.
SVEStressful Vital Events.
SVestroke volume echocardiography.
SVEsubcortical vascular encephalopathy.
SVEsupraventricular ectopy.
SVEsupraventricular extrasystole.
SVEsurveillance examinations.
SVEsustained volume expansion.
SVGsaphenous vein graft.
SVIstroke volume index.
SvO2mixed venous hemoglobin saturation.
SVRsystemic vascular resistance.
SVTsupra ventricular tachycardia
SWAslow-wave activity.
SWIsurgical wound infection.
SWOGSouthwest Oncology Group.
SWPSSocial Welfare Policy & Services.
SWTsystolic wall thickening.
Sxsigns and symptoms.
T (493 abbreviations)
T secttransverse section.
T&Atonsillectomy and adenoidectomy.
T&Ctype and crossmatch.
T&Ttime and temperature.
T&Ttouch and tone.
Textent of primary tumor.
Tthoracic, to be followed by number designating specific thoracic vertebra.
t.i.d.tid, three times a day.
t.o.telephone order.
T/Stransverse section.
T+Stype and screen.
T0T1, T2, T3, size of tumor in staging cancers.
T1 - T12thoracic vertebrae 1 - 12 (spine e.g. T1 = 1st thoracic vertebra).
T3RUtriiodothyronine resin uptake.
T4SAthyroxine-specific activity.
TATechnical Assistance.
TAtolfenamic acid.
TAANOSThe American Academy of Neurological and Orthopaedic Surgeons.
tab(s) tablet(s).
TACtransient amplifying cells (cells that have the potential to complete a limited number of divisions before differentiating).
TACTrauma Association of Canada.
TAEtransarterial embolization.
TAHtotal abdominal hysterectomy.
TAM tamoxifen.
TAMtotal active motion.
TAPVCtotal anomalous pulmonary venous connection.
TAstriggered activations.
TATtetanus antitoxin.
TATthematic apperception test.
tbc.TB, tuberculosis.
TBDto be determined.
TBFtail blood flow.
TBFtentacle ball formation.
TBFthyroid blood flow.
TBFtick-borne fever.
TBFtissue blood flow.
TBFtotal body fat.
TBFtumor blood flow.
TBGthyroid binding globulin.
Tbiinitial body temperature.
Tbiintermediate tectobulbar pathway.
TBIT- and B-cell epitopes containing Immunogen.
TBItetrapolar bioelectrical impedance.
TBIthiazolobenzimidazole [1-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-1H,3H-thiazolo[3,4-a] benzimidazole].
TbiThromboplastin Bilbao.
TBIthrombotic brain infarction.
TBIthyrotropin binding inhibition.
TBIthyroid binding index.
TBIthyroxine binding index.
TBItime-based injection.
TBITissue Banks International.
TBItoe brachial index.
TBItooth brushing instruction.
TBItotal bilirubin.
TBItotal binding index.
TBItotal body impedance.
TBItotal body iron.
TBItotal body irradiation.
TBItotal bone index.
TBItrabecular bone index.
TBItransbronchial injection.
TBItransbullar injections.
TBItranslid binocular interactor.
TBItraumatic brain injury.
TBItriamcinolone acetonide benzoyl-beta-amino-isobutyrate.
TBMMtotal body muscle mass.
TBSThe Bethesda System.
TBSto be scheduled.
TBSAtotal body surface area.
TBVFtrabecular bone volume fraction.
TBWtotal body water.
TCAthymus-derived chemotactic agent.
TCAtricyclic antidepressant.
TCDBturn, cough, deep breath.
TCFtissue cage fluid.
TCID50Tissue Culture Infectious Dose 50 %.
TCMTraditional Chinese Medicine.
TCPCtricalcium phosphate ceramic.
TCRT-cell receptor.
TCRBCLT-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma.
TCRGRT-cell receptor gene rearrangement (study).
TCTthrombin clotting time.
TCUtransitional care unit.
TCVtall-cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinomas.
TCVturnip crinkle virus.
Tdadult tetanus toxoid and reduced-dose diphtheria toxoid.
TDtardive dyskinesis,
TDATrade and Development Agency.
TDItoluene diisocyanate (a highly volatile chemical known to cause occupational asthma in exposed workers).
TdTterminal deoxynucleotide transferase.
TDTtooth decay test.
TDTtransmission disequilibrium test.
TDTH cellsa functional subset of T helper cells that are involved in delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
TDYTemporary Duty.
TEecho time (MRI).
TECthromboembolic complications.
TECtransient erythroblastopenia of childhood.
TECtransluminal extraction atherectomy.
TECA-LBOtotal ear canal ablation-lateral bulla osteotomy.
TEDsThromboembolic Deterrent Stockings
TEDStimed exposure diffusive sampler.
TEDStransoesophageal echo-Doppler system.
TEDSTreatment Episode Data Set.
TEEtransesophageal echocardiogram.
TEILtobacco EIN3-like.
TEMTechnical Error Measurement.
TEMtransmission electron microscopy.
Temp.T, temperature
TEN-IBCTrans-European Network--Integrated Broadband Communications.
TENStranscutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.
TEOAEstransiently evoked otoacoustic emissions.
TFthoracic fluid content.
TFAtrifluoroacetic acid.
TFCCtriangular fibrocartilage complex.
TFPItissue factor pathway inhibitor.
TFTthin-film transistor.
TFTthrombus formation time.
TFTthyroid function test.
TFTtight filum terminale.
TG(6-)6-Thioguanine (anti cancer drug).
TGEtransmissible gastroenteritis.
TGFtransforming growth factors.
TGF-αtumor growth factor alpha.
TGF-βtumor growth factor beta.
TGVthoracic gas volume.
TGVtransposition of great vessels.
TH1T helper type 1 cell.
TH2T helper type 2 cell.
THAtacrine hydrochloride.
THAtotal hip arthroplasty (sample operative report).
THAMT cell-activating molecule.
THBRthyroid hormone binding ratio.
THBSOtotal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
THCdelta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol the psychoactive substance in Cannabis sativa.
THIthoracic impedance.
THPtotal hip prosthesis.
THRtotal hip replacement/revision (sample operative report).
THVterminal hepatic venule (central vein).
Thy-1a highly abundant glycoprotein on the surface of thymocytes and neurons.
TIAthanks in advance.
TIAtransient ischemic attacks.
TIBCtotal iron-binding capacity.
tidthree times a day (Latin: ter in die).
TIFATrade and Investment Framework Agreement.
TIGtetanus immune globulin.
TIGRThe Institute for Genomic Research.
TILtumor-infiltrating lymphocytes.
TIMIThrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction.
TIMPtissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase.
TiO2titanium dioxide.
TIPStransjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.
TIPSStransjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunts.
TIStitanium interbody spacers.
TJtriceps jerk.
TJ-10Saiko-keishi-to, herbal medicine.
TJ-41Hochu-ekki-to (a Japanese herbal medicine).
TJ-43Liu-Jun-Zi-Tang, a herbal medicine exerting gastroprotective action.
TJ-48Juzen-taiho-to, a kampo medicine.
TJ-9Sho-saiko-to, a herbal medicine.
TJ-96saiboku-to (a herbal preparation).
TJ-960sho-saiko-to-go-keishi-ka- shakuyakuto (Japanese herbal medicine), a compound known to have free radical scavenging activity.
TJAtotal joint arthroplasty.
TJDtransient job disability.
TJDtraumatic joint disease.
TJstight junctions.
TKtyrosine kinase.
TKAtotal knee arthroplasty.
TKEtotal knee extension.
TKNtotal Kjeldahl nitrogen (waste waters treatment).
TKOto keep open.
TKRtotal knee replacement/revision.
TLAthree letter abbreviation/acronym (ha, ha!).
TLCthin-layer chromatography.
TLCtotal lung capacity.
TLDthermoluminescent dosimeters.
TLIthymidine labeling index.
TLItotal lymphoid irradiation.
TLRtarget lesion revascularization.
TLSOthoracolumbosacral orthosis.
TLVthreshold limit values.
TMtympanic membrane.
TMAthrombotic microangiopathy.
TMAtissue microarray infostructure.
TMAtransmetatarsal amputation.
TMA-Gly:CPHpoly[trimellitylimidoglycine-co-1,6-bis(carboxyphenoxy)hexane] - a novel class of polymers with mechanical properties similar to cancellous bone that are being investigated for their ability to be used in weight-bearing areas for orthopedic applications.
TMDtransient myeloproliferative disorder.
TMDCtransverse magnetization decay curve.
TMEPtelangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans.
TMGtoxic multinodular goiter.
TMGAtetramethylene glutaric acid.
TMJ(temporalist mandibulae junctio) temporomandibular joint.
TMRtransmyocardial revascularization.
TMVtobacco mosaic virus.
TNFtumor necrosis factor.
TNItotal needed irradiation.
TNMtumor, nodes, metastases.
TNTCtoo numerous to count.
TOATexas Orthopaedic Association.
TOCtotal organic carbon.
TODtarget organ damage.
TOFtrain-of-four (EMG).
TOPVoral attenuated poliovirus with types 1, 2, and 3.
TORtotal outflow resistance.
TORCHcongenital infections with: T = toxoplasmosis; O = other; R = rubella; C = cytomegalic inclusion disease; H = hepatitis B and herpes.
TOSthoracic outlet syndrom.
Toxtoxic, toxicology, toxicologic.
TPthyropharyngeus muscle.
TPtotal pancreatectomy.
TPtotal platinum.
TPAtissue plasminogen activator.
TPITreponema pallidum immobilization test.
T-PMItransmural perioperative myocardial infarction.
TPNthalamic projection neuron.
TPNtotal parenteral nutrition.
TPNtransition protein.
TPNtriphosphopyridine nucleotide.
TPNACtotal parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis.
TPPthiamin pyrophosphate.
TPPATreponema pallidum.
TPRtemperature, pulse, respirations.
TPRtotal peripheral resistance.
TPURtransperineal urethral resection.
TRTexas red.
tr.tinct., tincture.
TR/TErepetition time/echo time.
TRAM-flapone type of breast reconstruction.
TRAPtartrate resistant acid phosphatase.
TRAPtelomeric repeat amplification protocol.
TRHthyrotropin-releasing hormone.
TRP IItricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome type II.
TRPtransient receptor potential.
TRPAtryptophan-rich prealbumin.
TRPCtransient receptor potential channel proteins.
TrPItreatment plan.
TRPMtestosterone-repressed prostate message.
TRPOtryptophan oxygenase.
TRPStrichorhinophalangeal syndrome.
TRPTtheoretical renal phosphorus threshold.
TRRtotal respiratory resistance.
TRStesticular regression syndrome; total reducing sugars; tubuloreticular structure.
TrStrauma surgery.
TRSVtobacco ringspot virus.
TRTtestosterone replacement therapy.
TRTthoracic radiotherapy; transfer ribonucleic acid threonine.
TRUtask-related unit; turbidity-reducing unit.
TRUStransrectal ultrasonography.
TRVtobacco rattle virus.
TRVVtotal right ventricular volume.
TRXthioredoxin trx traction.
Tsskin temperature; tosylate.
TST suppressor (cell)
TSTakayasu syndrome.
TSTay-Sachs (disease).
Tstemperature sensitivity.
TStemperature, skin.
TStemporal stem.
TStensile strength.
TStest solution.
TSthermal stability.
TSthoracic surgery.
TSthymidylate synthetase.
TStime required to complete the S phase of the cell cycle.
TStissue space.
TStotal solids (in urine).
TSTourette syndrome.
TStoxic substance.
TStoxic syndrome.
TStracheal sound.
TStransferrin saturation.
TStransitional sleep.
TStransverse section.
TStransverse sinus.
TStrauma score.
TStreadmill score.
TStriceps surae.
TStricuspid stenosis.
TStriple strength.
TStropical sprue.
TStrypticase soy (plate).
Tstsp, teaspoon.
TStuberous sclerosis.
TSTurner syndrome.
TSAtechnical surgical assistance.
TSAtoluene sulfonic acid.
TSAtotal shoulder arthroplasty.
TSAtotal solute absorption.
TSAtoxic shock antigen.
TSAtranscortical sensory aphasia.
TSAtrypticase-soy agar.
TSAtumor surface antigen.
TSAtumor-specific antigen.
TSAtype-specific antibody.
TSAbthyroid-stimulating antibody.
TSAPtoxic-shock-associated protein.
TSAStotal severity assessment score.
TSATtube slide agglutination test.
TSBtotal serum bilirubin; trypticase soy broth; tryptone soy broth.
TSBAtotal serum bile acids.
TSBBtranstracheal selective bronchial brushing.
TSCtechnetium sulfur colloid; thiosemicarbazide; transverse spinal sclerosis; tuberous sclerosis.
TSCAToxic Substances Control Act.
TSCSTennessee Self-Concept Scale.
TSDtarget-skin distance; Tay-Sachs disease; theory of signal detectability.
TSEtesticular self-examination; tissue-specific extinguisher; total skin examination; trisodium edetate.
TSEBtotal skin electron beam.
TSEMtransmission scanning electron microscopy.
TSESTarget Symptom Evaluation Scale.
T-settracheotomy set.
TSFtesticular feminization syndrome; thrombopoiesis-stimulating factor; total systemic flow; triceps skinfold.
TSGtumor-specific glycoprotein.
TSGPtumor-specific glycoprotein.
TSHthyroid stimulating hormone.
TSHtransient synovitis of the hip.
TSHAthyroid-stimulating hormone, alpha chain.
TSHBthyroid-stimulating hormone, beta chain.
TSHRthyroid-stimulating hormone receptor.
TSH-RFthyroid-stimulating hormone-releasing factor.
TSH-RHthyroid-stimulating hormone-releasing hormone.
TSIthyroid stimulating immunoglobulin.
TSItriple sugar iron.
TSIAtotal small intestine allotransplantation.
TSIAtriple sugar iron agar.
tSIDStotally unexplained sudden infant death syndrome.
TSLterminal sensory latency.
TSMtype-specific M protein.
TSPtestis-specific protein.
TSPthrombin-sensitive protein.
TSPtotal serum protein.
TSPtotal suspended particulate.
TSPtrisodium phosphate.
TSPtropical spastic paraparesis.
TSPAPtotal serum prostatic acid phosphatase.
TSPPtetrasodium pyrophosphate.
TSRtarget site restenosis.
TSRtheophylline sustained release.
TSRthyroid to serum ratio.
TSRtotal systemic resistance.
TSStotal suspended solids.
TSStoxic shock syndrome.
TSStropical splenomegaly syndrome.
TSSAtumor-specific cell surface antigen.
TSSEtoxic shock syndrome exotoxin.
TSSTtoxic shock syndrome toxin.
TSST-1toxic shock syndrome toxin-1.
TSTthiosulfate sulfur-transferase.
TSTthromboplastin screening test.
TSTtotal sleep time.
TSTtransforming sequence, thyroid.
TSTtreadmill stress test.
TSTtricipital skinfold thickness.
TSTtumor skin test.
TSTAtoxoplasmin skin test antigen.
TSTAtumor-specific tissue antigen.
TSTAtumor-specific transplantation antigen.
TSUtriple sugar urea (agar).
TSVtotal stomach volume.
TSVRtotal systemic vascular resistance.
TSYtrypticase soy yeast.
TTtablet triturate.
TTtactile tension.
TTtactile threshold.
TTtendon transfer.
TTtest tube.
TTtesticular torsion.
TTtetanus toxin.
TTtetanus toxoid.
TTtherapeutic touch.
TTthrombin time.
TTthrombolytic therapy.
TTthymol turbidity.
TTtibial tubercle.
TTtilt table.
TTtolerance test.
TTtotal thyroxine.
TTtotal time.
TTtransferred to.
TTtransient tachypnea.
TTtransit time.
TTtube thoracostomy.
TTtuberculin test.
TTtuberculoid (in Ridley-Jopling Hansen disease classification).
TTtumor thrombus.
TTturnover time.
TT2total diiodothyronine.
TT3total triiodothyronine.
TT4total thyroxine.
TTAtetanus toxoid antibody.
TTAtimed therapeutic absence.
TTAtotal toe arthroplasty.
TTAtranstracheal aspiration.
TTAPthreaded titanium acetabular prosthesis.
TTBthird trimester bleeding.
TTCtriphenyltetrazolium chloride (stain for lactic dehydrogenase).
TTCtriphenyltetrazolium chloride.
TTCT-tube cholangiogram.
TTDtemporary total disability.
TTDtissue tolerance dose.
TTDtransient tic disorder.
TTDtransverse thoracic diameter.
TTEtransthoracic echocardiography.
TTF-1thyroid transcription factor 1.
TTGT-cell translocation gene.
TTGtellurite, taurocholate, and gelatin.
TTGAtellurite, taurocholate, and gelatin agar.
TTHthyrotropic hormone.
TTHtritiated thymidine.
TTItension-time index.
TTItime-tension index.
TTItorque-time interval.
TTItranstracheal insufflation.
TTNtransient tachypnea.
TTPthrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.
TTVtherapeutic trial visit.
TTWBtoe touch weight bearing.
TUtuberculin units (in Mantoux test).
TUIPtransurethral incision of the prostate.
TULIPtransurethral ultrasound-guided laser induced prostatectomy.
TUMTtransurethral microwave thermotherapy.
TUNAtransurethral needle ablation (prostatic).
TUNELTdT-mediated-dUTP nick end labeling, enzymatic labeling of DNA fragments in apoptotic cells.
TURtransurethral resection.
TURBtransurethral resection of bladder.
TURBTtransurethral resection of bladder tumor.
TURPtransurethral resection of the prostate; transurethral prostatectomy.
TVtotal volume.
TVAtemporal (beat-to-beat) variability of repolarization in amplitude.
TvCtreatment versus control.
TVFtarget vessel failure.
TVHtotal vaginal hysterectomy.
TVHturkey virus hepatitis.
TVRtarget vessel restenosis.
TVRtarget vessel revascularization.
TVTtarget value tailored apheresis.
TVTtemporal (beat-to-beat) variability of repolarization in time.
TVTtension-free vaginal tape.
TVTthermal vascular test.
TVTtotal ventilation time.
TVTTransmissible venereal tumour.
TvTtreatment versus treatment.
TVTtunica vaginalis testis.
TVUStransvaginal ultrasound.
TWGtotal weight gain.
Txtherapy or treatment.
TXA2thromboxane A2.
TXB2thromboxane B2.
U (267 abbreviations)
U&Curethral and cervical.
U&Cusual and customary.
U&Esurea and electrolytes
Ucongenital limb absence.
Uin electrocardiography, an undulating deflection that follows the T wave.
Uinternal energy.
UInternational Unit of enzyme activity.
UMann-Whitney rank sum statistic.
Upotential difference (in volts).
Uultralente (insulin).
uunified atomic mass unit.
Uuniversial application (residency).
Uuridylic acid.
Uurinary concentration.
Uvolume velocity.
U/2upper half.
U/3upper third.
U/Auric acid.
u/extupper extremity.
UAabsorption unsharpness.
UAultrasonic arteriography.
UAumbilical artery.
UAunauthorized absence.
UAunit of analysis.
UAunstable angina.
UAupper airways.
UAupper arm.
UAuric acid.
UAuridylic acid.
UAurinalysis, urine analysis.
UAurinary aldosterone.
UAuronic acid.
UAuterine aspiration.
UA/Curic acidlcreatinine (ratio).
UACumbilical artery catheter.
UAEunilateral absence of excretion.
UAEurine albumin excretion.
UAEMUniversity Association for Emergency Medicine.
UAIuterine activity interval.
U-AMYurinary amylase.
UANuric acid nitrogen.
UAOupper airway obstruction.
UAPunlicensed assistive personnel.
UAPunstable angina pectoris.
UAPurinary acid phosphatase.
UAPurinary alkaline phosphatase.
UAPAunilateral absence of pulmonary.
UARupper airway resistance.
UARuric acid riboside.
UASupper abdomen surgery.
UASupstream activation site.
UASAUnited Amputee Services Association.
UAUuterine activity unit.
UBultimobranchial body.
UBUnna boot.
UBupper back.
UBurinary bladder.
UBAundenaturated bacterial antigen.
UBBubiquitin B.
UBBCunsaturated vitamin B12 binding capacity.
UBCubuquitin C.
UBCUniversity of British Columbia (brace).
UBEubiquitin-activating enzyme.
UBGUbg urobilinogen.
UBIultraviolet blood irradiation.
UBLundifferentiated B-cell lymphoma.
UBOunidentified bright object.
UBOupper body obesity.
UBPureteral back pressure.
UBSunidentified bright signal.
UBWusual body weight.
UCulcerative colitis.
UCumbilical cord.
UCundifferentiated cells.
UCunit clerk.
UCunsatisfactory condition.
UCuntreated cells.
UCurea clearance.
UCurethral catheterization.
UCurinary catheter.
UCurine concentrate.
UCurine culture.
UCuterine contractions
UCBunconjugated bilirubin.
UCBCumbilical cord blood culture.
UCDurine collection device.
UCDusual childhood diseases.
UCDSuniform clinical data set.
UCEurea cycle enzymopathy.
UCGultrasonic cardiography.
UCGurinary chorionic gonadotropin.
UCHDusual childhood diseases.
UCIunusual childhood illness.
UCIurethral catheter in.
UCIurinary catheter in.
UCLulnar collateral ligament.
UCLupper collateral ligament.
UCLupper confidence limit.
UCLupper control limit.
UCLurea clearance.
UCLPunilateral cleft of lip and palate.
UCOultrasonic cardiac output.
UCODunderlying cause of death.
UCPuncoupling protein.
UCPurinary coproporphyrin.
UCPurinary C-peptide.
UCPTurinary coproporphyrin test.
UCRunconditioned response.
UCRusual, customary, and reasonable (fees).
UCSunconditioned stimulus.
UCSuterine compression syndrome.
UCTurological care table.
UCTDundifferentiated (unclassifiable) connective tissue disease.
uCTDundifferentiated connective tissue disease.
UCVuncontrolled variable.
UDulcerative dermatosis.
UDulnar deviation.
UDunit dose.
UDurethral dilatation.
UDurethral discharge.
UDuridine diphosphate.
UDuroporphyrinogen decarboxylase.
UDuterine delivery.
UDCusual diseases of childhood.
UDCAursodeoxycholic acid.
UDKaseuridine diphosphate kinase.
UDNulcerative dermal necrosis.
UDOundetermined origin.
UDPuridine diphosphate.
UDPGuridine diphosphate glucose.
UDPGurine diphosphoglucose.
UDPGAuridine diphosphate glucuronic acid.
UDPGTuridine diphosphate glucuronosyl transferase.
UDR-BMDultradistal radius bone mineral density.
UDRPurine diribose phosphate.
UDSultrasound Doppler sonography.
UDSuniform data system.
UDSunscheduled deoxynucleic acid synthesis.
UDUNunder developed under nourished.
UE(extremitas) upper extremity.
UEuncertain etiology.
UEunder elbow.
UEuninvolved epidermis.
UEupper esophagus.
UEupper extremity.
uE~unconjugated estriol.
UEGultrasonic encephalography.
UEGunifocal eosinophilic granuloma.
UEHBuniform effective health benefits.
UELupper explosive limit.
UEMuniversal electron microscope.
UEMCunidentified endosteal marrow cell.
UESupper esophageal sphincter.
UESupper esophageal sphincter.
UFfilm unshapness.
UFultrasonic frequency.
UFuniversal feeder.
UFunknown factor.
UFurinary formaldehyde.
UFAunesterifled fatty acid.
UFBurinary fat bodies.
UFCurinary free cortisol.
UFDultrasonic flow detector.
UFDunilateral facet dislocation.
UFFIurea formaldehyde foam insulation.
UFLupper flammable limit.
UFPultrafiltration pressure.
UFRultrafiltration rate.
UFRurine filtration rate.
uFSHurinary follicle-stimulating hormone.
UGgeometric unsharpness.
UGDurogenital diaphragm.
UGDPUniversity Group Diabetes Project.
UGFunidentified growth factor.
UGHuveitis-glaucoma-hyphema (syndrome).
UGH+uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema plus vitreous hemorrhage (syndrome).
UGI(see GI) upper gastrointestinal.
UGIBupper gastrointestinal biopsy.
UGIBupper gastrointestinal bleeding.
UGIHupper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
UGISupper gastrointestinal series.
UGTuridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase.
UH82 universal billing document (1982).
UHunfractionated heparin.
UHFultra high frequency
UHFuterine blood flow.
UHMWPEultra-high molecular weight polyethylene.
UICCUnion Internationale Contre le Cancer - International Union Against Cancer.
UIPusual interstitial pneumonia.
ULNupper limits of normal.
ULQupper left quadrant.
ultra ultrasound.
umb.umbilicus (navel).
UMNupper motor neuron (signs).
UNDPUnited Nations Development Program.
UN-Eulnar neuropathy at the elbow.
UNFPAUnited Nations Family Planning Association.
UOurethral catheter out.
UOurinary catheter out.
UPultrafilterable platinum.
UPJureteropelvic junction.
UPOJUniversity of Pennsylvania Orthopaedic Journal.
UPRunfolded protein response.
UPRunipolar recurrent depression.
UPr/Curine protein-to-creatinine ratios.
UPSIunprotected sexual intercourse.
UPTurinary pregnancy test.
URIupper respiratory tract infection.
URQupper right quadrant.
URTIupper respiratory tract infection.
USANUnited States Adopted Names.
USDAUS Department of Agriculture.
USHusual state of health.
USPUS pharmacopeea.
USPHSUnited States Public Health Service.
USTultrasound therapy.
UTDup to date.
UTIurinary tract infection.
UUAurokinase urine activity.
UVJureterovesical junction.
UVRultra violet radiation.
UWUNunderweight under nourished.
V (88 abbreviations)
Vvenous invasion.
V2second compartment volume.
V3third compartment volume.
VAalveolar volume.
VAvalproic acid.
VAVeterans Administration (US).
VAvisual acuity.
VACventriculoatrial conduction.
VACTERL syndromeabnormalities of vertebrae, anus, cardiovascular tree, trachea, esophagus, renal system, and limb buds associated with administration of sex steroids during early pregnancy.
VaDvascular dementia.
VADventricular assist device.
VADvincristine, doxorubicin and dexamethasone.
VAERSVaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (FDA).
VAHSvirus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome.
VASvibroacoustic stimulation.
VASvisual analogue scale.
VATERvertebral defects, anal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia, and radial and renal anomalies.
VATSvideo-assisted thoracic surgery.
VBB chain variable (gene segments of T-cell receptor).
VBDvertebral bone density.
VBGvenous blood gas.
VBHVogele-Bale-Hohner head holder.
VCcolored vision.
VCvital capacity.
VCAviral capsid antien (in EBV-IM).
VCAMvascular cell adhesion molecule (endothelial cell adhesion molecule).
VCAM-1vascular cell adhesion molecule 1.
VCE smeara cytologic smear of material obtained from the vagina, ectocervix, and endocervix.
VCEvaginal administration of conjugated equine estrogens.
VCFSvelocardiofacial syndrome.
VCUvoiding cystourethrogram.
VCUGvoiding cystourethrogram.
VDvenereal disease.
VDvessel diameter.
VD-GCvacuum distillation gas chromatography.
VDRLVenereal Disease Research Laboratory (test for syphilis).
VEFventricular ejection fraction.
VEGFvascular endothelial cell growth factor.
VEPvisually evoked potentials.
VERvisual evoked response.
VFventricular fibrillation.
VFventricular flutter.
VFvisual field, field of vision.
VFCVaccines for Children program.
VfibVentricular fibrillation.
VHAVeterans Health Administration (US).
VHDventricular heart disease.
VIPvasoactive intestinal peptide.
VISIvolar intercalary wrist instability.
VLDLvery low density lipoprotein.
VLHventrolateral hypothalamus.
VLOventrolateral outflow.
VMventricular muscle.
VM-26Teniposide (anti cancer drug)
VMAvanillylmandelic acid (urine levels concordant to serum catecholamine levels).
VMCHVinyl acetate - maleic acid - vinyl chloride copolymer.
VMOvastus medialis obliquus (a muscle).
VMOvisiting medical officer.
voverbal order.
VP-16Etoposide (anti cancer drug).
VPCventricular premature contractions.
VPFvascular permeability factor.
VPLventral posterolateral.
VPMventral posteromedial.
VPPIMVinyl polysiloxane putty impression material.
VPRCvolume packed red cells.
VQ(scan), ventilation/perfusion scan.
VREvancomycin-resistant enterococcus.
VROvertical ramus osteotomy.
VSvs, vital signs.
VSAvital signs absent.
VSDventricular septal defect.
VSOvertical sagittal split osteotomy.
VSPvariable screw placement.
VSSvital signs stable.
VTtidal volume.
VTventricular tachycardia.
VTEvenous thromboembolism.
VTECverotoxin producing enteropathogenic Escherichia coli.
VTNRvessel-to-tissue noise ratio.
VTPvelocity/time profile.
VVvaricose veins.
VWDvon Willebrand Disease.
VWFvon Willebrand factor.
VZIGvaricella-zoster immune globulin.
VZVvaricella-zoster virus.
W (50 abbreviations)
w.b.c.WBC, white blood cell, white blood cell count.
w/awhen awake.
w/vweight by volume.
WAISWechsler Adult Intelligence Scale.
WBWestern blot.
WBAAwhole blood acetaldehyde assay.
WBATweight bearing as tolerated.
WBCwhite blood cell/count.
WBSskin wound breaking strength.
WCwhite cells.
WCwhite collar.
WCwhole cell.
WC/rCTBwhole cell/recombinant B subunit cholera vaccine.
WC-2White Carneau pigeons.
WCCwhite cell count
WCIWashington Cancer Institute.
WDEwound dressing emulsion.
WDWNwell-developed well-nourished.
W-Ewide excision
WFW/F, white female.
WFLWistaria floribunda.
WFLwithin functional limits.
WGWegener's granulomatosis.
WHOWorld Health Organization.
WICSpecial Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children.
WISCWechsler Intelligence Scale for Children.
WLTWarthin-like papillary carcinoma of the thyroid.
WMW/M, white male
WMWaldenström's macroglobulinemia.
W-MPPwater MPP (multipurpose phantoms).
WNWest Nile virus.
WNLwithin normal limits.
WOAWestern Orthopaedic Association.
WOCWorld Orthopaedic Concern.
WowWeakener of white (a locus is described in Drosophila melanogaster that modifies the expression of the white eye color gene).
WOW-1a novel monovalent ligand-mimetic antibody.
WPDwarm, pink, dry (skin signs).
WPOAWestern Pacific Orthopaedic Association (Australian Chapter).
WRTwith relation to.
WSCAWashington State Chiropractic Association.
WTOWorld Trade Organization.
WWwhite woman.
X (11 abbreviations)
Xmultiplied by, times.
XIPx-ray in plaster.
XLDxylose lysine deoxycholate agar.
XPxeroderma pigmentosa.
XRDx-ray diffraction.
XRNX-linked recessive nephrolithiasis.
XXfemale sex chromosome.
XYmale sex chromosome.
Y (20 abbreviations)
yclassification after initial multimodal treatment.
YY chromosome.
Yyttrium, tyrosine, pyrimidine nucleoside.
y/oyears old.
Y-90Yttrium 90.
YACyeast artificial chromosome.
YAGyttrium-aluminum-garnet (laser).
YESYouth Exchange Scheme.
YFECYouth Forum of the European Communities.
yoayears of age.
YOByear of birth.
YPLLyears of potential life lost.
YRBSYouth Risk Behaviour Survey.
YSTYolk sac tumor.
YVSYorkshire Veterinary Society (UK).
Z (18 abbreviations)
ZAIZero Administrative Initiative.
ZAP-70tyrosine kinase involved in signal transduction.
ZBBZero Base Budgeting.
ZEEPzero end-expiratory pressure.
ZFWHealth insurance sickness scheme for employees (Netherlands).
ZIFZero Insertion Force.
ZIFTZygote Intrafallopian Transfer.
ZIGzoster immune globulin.
ZIPZigzag In-line Package.
ZIPZoster Immune Plasma.
ZLCentral Laboratory of Pharmacists (Germany).
ZSEZoological Spongiform Encephalopathy.
ZSLZoological Society of London.
ZSRzeta sedimentation rate.
ZZZZ genotype (deficiency of ? 1-antitrypsin).